21 Briefs, wildcard vowel, not contractions, and phrasing

21.1 -ing briefs

Many words ending in -ing have strokes with the -G “folded in,” for example, petting as PEGT. For some common words, it is not possible to fold in the -G, usually when the work ends in a k sound. Instead, the ending parts of the word are dropped and the -G added. See the table for examples.

ing briefs
Word Stroke With ing Stroke
accord K-D according K-GD
act ABGT acting A*G
add AD adding AGD
ask SK asking SK-G
be PW being PW-G
break PWRAEBG breaking PWRAEG
bring PWREU
build PWEULD building PW-LG
check KHEBG checking KHEG
consider KR considering KR-G
continue T-PB continuing T-PBG
cook KAOBG cooking KAOG
do TKO doing TK*G, TKAOG
drink TKREUPBG drinking TKREUG
during TKURG
examine KP examining KP-G
include KHRU including KHRUG
interest TR interesting TR-G
look HRAOBG looking HRAOG
make PHAEUBG making PHAEUG
manufacture PH-F manufacturing PH-FG
measure PH*ERB measuring PH-RBG
nothing TPHOG
persist PAOFT persisting PAOG
regard RARD regarding RARGD
remember RER remembering RERG
take TAEUBG taking TAEUG
think THEU thinking THEUG
track TRABG tracking TRAG
walk WAUBG walking WAUG
win WEUPB winning W-G
work WORBG working WOG
write WREU writing WREUG

21.2 The OEU wildcard

The OEU combination can be used as a “wildcard” to replace other sounds in a stroke. The oi sound is uncommon and so the strokes with OEU will not conflict with others. The OEU combination appears to be used most frequently for words ending in -y.

OEU words
Word Stroke Note
auto OEUT
beta PWOEUT
bicycle PWOEUBG
China KHOEUPB
copy KOEUP
county KOEUPBT
cycle SOEUBG
deny TKOEUPB
dirty TKOEURT
focus TPOEUBGS
glory TKPWHROEUR
greedy TKPWROEUD
healthy HOEUFLT
heavy HOEUF
hero HOEUR
history HOEUFRT
loyal HROEUL
lucky HROEUBG
major PHOEUPBLG
memory PHOEURPL
mystery PHOEUFRT
radio ROEUD
recycle ROEUBG
shiny SHOEUPB
statue STOEUT
steno STOEUPB
study STOEU
superior SPOEUR
survey SOEUFR
theory THOEUR
tiny TOEUPB
William WOEUPL
window WOEUPBD

21.3 -side briefs

The -side ending words use a -DZ as part of the stroke.

-side briefs
Word Stroke Note
backside PWABGDZ
downside TKOUDZ
inside TPH-DZ
left-hand side HR-PBDZ
left side HR-DZ
other side O*ERDZ
outside OUDZ
right-hand side R-PBDZ
subside SUBDZ
that side THADZ
this side TH-DZ
topside TOPDZ
upside UPDZ
what side WHADZ
which side KH-DZ

21.4 The as x as phrases

The as x as are written using strokes with S- and -S or -Z and the x as the word in the middle. For example, as long as is written with SHROPBGS.

as x as
Stroke Note
as bad as SPWADZ
as best as SPWEFTS
as big as SPWEUGS
as broad as SPWRAODZ
as close as SKHROES
as far as STPARS
as fast as STPAFTS
as free as STPRAOES
as fresh as STPRERBS
as good as STKPWAODZ
as hard as SHA*RDZ SHARDS would write shards
as high as SHAO*EUS
as large as SHRARPBLGS
as long as SHROPBGS
as low as SHRO*ES SHROES would write slows
as mad as SPHADZ
as many as SPHAEPBS
as much as SPHUFPS
as near as STPHAO*ERS STPHAOERS would write sneers
as odd as SO*DZ SODZ would write sod
as quick as SKW*EULGS note that as quickly as has the stroke without the \(*\)
as quickly as SKWEULGS
as small as SPHAULS
as soon as SAOPBS
as strong as STROPBGS
as well as SW-LS

21.5 Contractions

21.5.1 not contractions

Plover has briefs for phrases involving * not and the contraction *n't. For contractions, the brief usually ends in PBT, for example didn't as TK-PBT . The full forms use PBLT as the ending.

not contractions
Full Stroke Contraction Stroke
cannot KAPBLT can’t K-PBT
could not KOPBLT couldn’t KOPBT
did not TK-PBLT didn’t TK-PBT
does not doesn’t TKOPBT
do not TKPHOT don’t TKOEPBT
has not HAPBLT hasn’t HAFPBT
have not SR-PBLT haven’t SR-PBT
is not S-PBLT isn’t S-PBT
must not mustn’t PHUFPBT
should not SH-PBLT shouldn’t SH-PBT
was not wasn’t WAEPBT
were not WR-PBLT weren’t WR-PBT
would not WOPBLT wouldn’t WOPBT

While slower and requiring a second stroke, it is possible to add n't to any word by using *PBT . For example, RAT/*PBT will create ratn't, similar to how AEU is used to add 's to the last word.

21.5.2 'd and 'll contractions

To add 'd or 'll to any word, use the *D and -L respectively. Briefs exist for pronoun + 'd and + 'll .

21.5.3 Table of Pronoun Contractions

Plover’s contractions are not the most consistent. While most pronoun + contractions use the \(*\) key, some do not, such as some I and we combinations. There are more consistent phrasing systems for use with Plover, such as Jade’s Phrasing and Waleed Khan.

'd 'll 're ’s ’ve
he AOED *EL HAO*ES
how HOUD HOU/*R HO*US
I AOEUD AOEUL AO*EUF
it T*D T*L T*S
she SHAO*ED SHAO*EL SHAO*ES
that THA*D THA*L THA*S THA*F
there THR*D THR*L THR*S THR*F
they THA*EUD THA*EUL THA*EUR THA*EUF
this TH*L
we WAOED WAO*EL WAO*ER W*EF, WAOEF
what WHA*D WHA*L WHA*S WHA*F
when WH*D WH*L WH*S WH*F
where WH*D WR*L WR*S WR*F
who WHO*D WHO*L WHO*S WHO*F
why KWR*D
you *UD KWRAO*UL KWRAO*UR , UR KWRAO*UF , UF

21.6 Summary

  • Learn briefs for common -ing words

  • Learn how to use the OEU as a wildcard in common words

  • Learn briefs ending in -side

  • Learn as x as, contraction, and pronoun + contraction phrases