27 Intermediate Dictation

27.1 How to use this section

This section contains texts with a Flesch-Kincaid readability score between 70 and 115, or roughly elementary school-level English. For details on how the section is organized, see 26.1.

27.2 Practice texts

Controls

27.2.1 Untitled

Selected Words

as fast as

STPAFTS

as the

SAZ

do you

TKOU

will not

HR-PBLT

you think

UPBG

Text

Will, can the cat catch the rat?

Yes, May; the cat can run very fast. The rat cannot run as fast as the cat.

Will, do you think the cat will kill and eat the rat?

No, the cat will not kill the rat; she will play with it.

27.2.2 Untitled

Selected Words

do you know

TKAOUPBLG

in the

TPH-T

you ever

UFR

you know

KWRAOUPB

Text

Where did Mr. Hart get his hay?

He got it in the field.

Did you ever see men mow in the field?

Do you know what hay is?

It is dry grass.

Can you tell me what hay is good for?

27.2.3 Untitled

Selected Words

and I

SKPEU

at the

TE

did you

TKU

I say

EUBZ

I wanted

EUPTD

run to

TOURPB

through the

THRUT

to the

TOT

wanted to

TWAOPBTD

we are

WER

Text

Come, Willie, let us run a race.

Yes; Jane; where shall we run?

We will run to the road.

Shall we go through the gate?

Yes, Willie. Who will get there first?

I will. Now let us run.

Wait till I say the word.

One, two, three -- run!

Here we are at the road. You have won the race, Willie.

Yes, Jane; but why did you stop at the gate.

To let you get through first. You gave me a peach, and I wanted to do something for you.

27.2.4 Untitled

Selected Words

is a

SA*EU

is the

S-T

on the

OPBT

she is

SHES

this is

TH-S

Text

This is a fat man and his cat. His fan is in his hand, and his hat is on the mat. This is the man's cat. She is on the mat too.

27.2.5 Untitled

Selected Words

I want

EUPT

should not

SHOPBLT

want to

TWAOPBT

want to

WA*PBT

you should

URBD

Text

I want to use that nice gold pen.

My son, you should not fume and fret so; you have no use for a pen yet.

Let us go and try to cure the old mule.

27.2.6 Untitled

Selected Words

about the

PW-T

and a

SKPA

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

stand in

STPHAPBD

to the

TOT

what should

WHARBD

Text

Let me tell you about the cow.

She has four legs and two horns. She gives us milk.

What should we do if we had no cows to give us milk!

Nice sweet milk is good to drink.

Do you not like to eat bread and milk?

I can see a cow and a calf in the picture.

Two cows have come down to the pond to drink.

It is a hot day, and they like to stand in the water.

The cow eats grass, but the calf likes milk.

27.2.7 Untitled

Selected Words

and a

SKPA

and the

SKP-T

and will

SKP-L

at the

TE

but it

TPWUT

for the

TP-RT

got a

TKPWAOEUT

he has

HEZ

hod

H* O* TK*

is a

SA*EU

is not

S-PBLT

on the

OPBT

put it

TPUT

will go

HR*G

will not

HR-PBLT

Text

Sam and Ned are at the dam. Sam has a rod. He has got a fish. It is not a cod, but it is a big fish. He will get it out on the sod, and Ned will put it in his bag.

Ned has a tin box, and in it he has a bun with some jam on it, and a bit of ham.

The man will put his hod on the log, and will go to see Sam's fish.

That is a ram by Ned. He sees the bun and the ham in Ned's box, but cannot get at them, for the lad Ned has a gad and will not let him.

27.2.8 Untitled

Selected Words

full of

TPUFL

he has

HEZ

I think

KWREUBG

is a

SA*EU

see this

STHAOE

Text

See this boy. His name is Roy. He seems full of joy. He has a coin. It is a dime. Will Roy buy toys with his dime? I think he will buy cakes or candy.

Roy makes a great noise. Most boys like to make much noise. Roy has a fine voice.

27.2.9 Untitled

Selected Words

and the

SKP-T

and was

SKP-FS

as it

TAZ

did not

TKEUPBLT

had a

HA

had not

H-PBLT

he was

EFS

hit it

THEUT

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

of it

T-F

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

out of

OUFT

see it

STAOE

to its

TOEUTS

to the

TOT

Text

Ned had a dog, and Ben had a pet kid. Ned set his dog on Ben's kid as it lay on the sod in the lot. The dog bit the kid on the leg, and Ned hit it with a big gad or rod. Then he hid the kid in a pit to get rid of it. The pit had mud in it, and the kid got wet and cold. As Ben had not fed the kid, he ran to the lot to see it. When he did not see the kid he was sad. He then ran to see if Ned had led it off to its bed. Ned was a bad boy and was mad with Ben, but yet he told Ben, the kid was in the pit. But when Ben got it out of the pit, his poor kid was dead.

27.2.10 Untitled

Selected Words

has been

HAB

he has

HEZ

on the

OPBT

Text

The lad cannot walk all day. He has been a long time on the road, and now he sits down on a rock to rest.

Poor boy! He has a long way to go, for he is far from home. He must get up, and take his cane, and go on.

He must not stay here long, for it will soon be dark.

Do you see the pond near the boy? Some fine fish are in that pond, but the boy cannot stop to fish for them.

27.2.11 Spike

Selected Words

Becky

PWEBG KEU

have a

SRA

he has

HEZ

into the

TPHAOT

Spike

KPA SPAOEUBG

we have

SWRAOE

Text

We have a black dog. His name is Spike. He has two white feet. Spike likes to play with Jack. When Jack throws a ball into the grass, Spike will run and get it. Spike likes to play with my cat, Becky, too.

27.2.12 Untitled

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

he has

HEZ

Text

Frank has a new sled. Frank's sled is red and large. He has a little girl on his sled. This nice little girl has a knife. This girl will buy a white fan. The man has four white fans.

27.2.13 Untitled

Selected Words

did you

TKU

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

may have

PHAEUF

went to

TWOEPBT

what a

WHA*

when I

WHEU

Text

Here is a sweet flower. You may have it, Jane.

Thank you. What a fine large flower! Where did you get it?

I got it in the field, when I went to see the colt.

27.2.14 Untitled

Selected Words
Text

Nat has a plant.

Nan sees the plant.

Mamma has seen the plant.

Nat has a can.

The man cannot hop.

Sam can hop.

Hop, Sam! Hop!

27.2.15 Untitled

Selected Words

at the

TE

do not

TKPHOT

he can

K*E

if you

TPU

into the

TPHAOT

is too

STAO

May

PHA*EU

of the

-FT

out of

OUFT

put it

TPUT

some of

SPHOF

some of the

SOFPLT

with our

WUR

with your

WUR

you do

TKO*U

Text

Come, Ann, let us go to see the man tap the tree. We can see the sap run. The man will get it and put it into a tub. We can dip some of the sap out of the tub with your cup and sip it. Do not let your dog get at the sap, for if you do, he will sup it.

O, May, a dog cannot sup, but he can lap. Cats and dogs lap.

Well, then, do not let him lap it.

See! The man dips the sap out of the tub into the pot with a big tin cup. Do not get the sap out of the pot to sip. It is too hot to put to your lips. But let some run out of the tree into your cup, and then you may sip it.

27.2.16 Untitled

Selected Words

and a

SKPA

and the

SKP-T

do you

TKOU

do you see

TOUZ

is a

SA*EU

look at

HRAOBGT

pigs

PEUGZ

Text

What do you see now?

An old goat and a kid.

What is a kid?

It is a young goat.

Look at this big pig and the little pigs.

Here are four little pigs.

27.2.17 Untitled

Selected Words

as a

SA*Z

have a

SRA

he can

K*E

I see

STPHAOE

is not

S-PBLT

what is

SWHA*

you are

R*U

Text

Here is Fred on his pony.

Well, Fred, I see you are out for a ride.

You have a fine pony. What is his name?

His name is Jack.

I am glad you have such a fine pony. Let me see how well Jack can trot.

Jack is not so large as a horse, but he can trot fast.

27.2.18 Untitled

Selected Words

could find

KOUFPBD

glad to

TKPWHRAOD

in the

TPH-T

mown

PHOUPB

to the

TOT

we could

WEBGD

would be

WOB

Text

Let us go to the barn and play in the new-mown hay.

Yes, and we will look for a hen's nest.

I wish we could find a nest with ten eggs in it.

Mamma would be glad to get ten good eggs.

27.2.19 Untitled

Selected Words

have a

SRA

Text

Tom has a good sled.

Will he let May ride?

Do let May and dolly have a ride, Tom.

27.2.20 Untitled

Selected Words

in the

TPH-T

on the

OPBT

Text

We can sit in the chair.

We can sleep in the bed.

We can lie on the lounge.

27.2.21 Untitled

Selected Words

and a

SKPA

at the

TE

do not

TKPHOT

from the

TPR-T

hay

HA*EU

if the

TP-T

in a

TPHA*EU

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

Jep

SKWR*P *E P*

load

HRAOD

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

out of

OUFT

put it

TPUT

sees

SAO*ES

so bad

SOEBD

tea

TAE

that is

THAS

that the

THAT

they do

TKHOE

to the

TOT

top of

TOFP

will not

HR-PBLT

with the

W-T

with you

WU

Text

Tom, go to the gap and see that the pigs do not get out of the lot into the hay. You may lop off a gad from the tree, and hit the pigs with it, if they come to the gap. My hip is so bad I cannot go out today. Yes, Jep may go with you. That is my cap you have, but you may put it on.

Here are Tom and Jep at the gap. Jep is in a nap, but the pigs will not come near, for Tom has his gad. If they do, Tom will tap Jep with it, and set him on the pigs. Tom has a cup, and a tin can with some cold tea in it. He dips his cup into the can, and wets his lips with the tea, now and then. It is a hot day, and Tom is hot. From the gap, Tom can see the men at the hay. He sees Ben on the top of a load. If the load tips will Ben fall? No, he will slip off, and hop out of the way.

27.2.22 Untitled

Selected Words

I will

KWREUL

in this

STHEUPBS

thank you

THA*UPBG

thank you

THAUPBG

Text

Who will untie the knot in this string? I will. Thank you. Will your horse stand still? He does not like to stand still. He likes to run a race.

27.2.23 Untitled

Selected Words

I have

SREU

is not

S-PBLT

that is

THAS

Text

I have on my big hat. That is not your hat. It is your papa's hat.

27.2.24 Untitled

Selected Words

is the

S-T

Text

The hat is black. The girl has a hat. Has the doll a black hat? The baby is good. The bad baby has a doll. Is the tree high?

27.2.25 Untitled

Selected Words

and will

SKP-L

at the

TE

did not

TKEUPBLT

had a

HA

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

that is

THAS

went to

TWOEPBT

Text

John and Will went to set up a tent.

The lads went in a wagon.

A man in the tent had on a wig.

A wag got the wig and hid it in John's wagon. A wag is a lad that is fond of fun.

John's dog had a bed in the wagon.

Did not the dog jump at the wag?

The dog did jump at the wag, but the wag did not mind the dog.

27.2.26 Untitled

Selected Words

and it

SKPEUT

Ellen

EL EPB

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

is the

S-T

it can

T-BG

it has

T-Z

on the

OPBT

Text

Ann is the best lass in the class.

A fly can buzz, buzz, on the glass.

Ellen must not get in a fuss.

Belle has a doll; it can nod its head.

Miss Hill can buy my doll a hat.

Nat's little lamb is dead. The bad dog, Snip, bit it on the head.

Has the hand-bell a handle? It has a handle, and it is a brass bell.

27.2.27 Untitled

Selected Words

a lot

HROELT

cob

KO*B

has to

THAOS

he has

HEZ

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

is to

STO

Mab

PH*P A* PW*

off the

OFT

Rob

RO*B

that he

THAE

they cannot

THEBG TPHOT

will go

HR*G

Text

Rob has his old cob or nag in a cab. He and Mab will go out in it to see a pet cub, that Rob has in a lot not far off. But they cannot go yet, as Rob has some jobs to do. He has to rub the mud off the cab. He will dip that big rag that he has in his hand in the tub, and wet it, to rub the mud off. He has to put oil in the hubs of his cab, too. His dog, Rab, is to go with him; but Mab's cat, Tab, cannot go.

27.2.28 Untitled

Selected Words

is a

SA*EU

Text

Jane is a good little girl.

She has a big doll.

This is Jane and her doll.

Will you let me hold dolly?

Yes; you may hold her.

27.2.29 Untitled

Selected Words

and the

SKP-T

could find

KOUFPBD

do I

TKOEU

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

it would

T-LD

it would be

T-BLD

know the

TPHO*ET

than the

THAPBT

then the

THEPBT

there were

THR-RP

we could

WEBGD

would be

WOB

you know

KWRAOUPB

Text

How warm it is today!

How bright the sun is!

I wish we could find a cool place and sit down.

Here is a cool place under this tree. We will sit in the shade and rest.

I like the shade better than the hot sunshine.

So do I; but you know the sun does much good.

What good does the sun do?

It makes the air and the ground warm. Then the grass and the flowers and the trees grow.

How cold and dark it would be if there were no sun!

27.2.30 What The Crab Does

Selected Words

and a

SKPA

and he

SKPE

and the

SKP-T

as large as

SHRARPBLGS

as the

SAZ

do not

TKPHOT

down the

TKOUPBT

give up

TKPWUP

he has

HEZ

he knows

H*EPBS

hit it

THEUT

in the

TPH-T

into the

TPHAOT

is like

SHRAOEUBG

it should

T-RBD

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

of the

-FT

off the

OFT

out of

OUFT

ready to

TKRAOE

should be

SHOB

that he

THAE

that the

THAT

too long

TAOPBG

up and

SKPUP

we say

WEBZ

will be

HR-B

will not

HR-PBLT

Text

The crab is quick to get cross.

Are you?

He likes to fight.

In that he is like a bad boy.

When he sees some other crab near his house, he is angry.

Then he stands high on his toes.

He pulls in his eye-pegs, for fear they will be hurt.

He spreads out his big arm.

Now he is ready to fight!

He runs at his enemy!

Each tries to hit the other with his big claw.

This big claw, or hand, can cut and pinch hard.

Sometimes one crab cuts off the hand or leg of the other crab.

Or he bites the shell on his back.

If only a leg is cut off, the crab may keep on fighting.

But if his hand, or eye, or back shell is hurt, he must give up.

He runs home to hide, until a new eye, or hand, or leg can grow.

If your hand is cut off, will it grow again?

When a crab is afraid, he runs home.

But he is very brave, and does not much fear other crabs.

He fears birds most; for birds eat small crabs; and the crab cannot fight a big bird.

Swing a rag over a crab's head.

Up fly his eye-pegs!

Up comes his big hand!

There, he has caught the rag!

He will not let go.

You can lift him into the air by the rag; still he holds on.

Once I saw a blue crab catch a dog's tail.

The crab held on fast.

The dog gave yelps, and ran up and down the beach.

We had to catch the dog, and pry open the crab's claw.

Let us look at this crab; he has let go the rag, and has gone to dig in his house.

Lay this bit of shell on his hole.

See it shake!

He has run up and hit it with his head.

Now he waits.

Watch well.

There, the shell flies up in the air!

he struck it hard as he ran, and made it fly up.

I have seen him try twice, and make the shell shake before he found how hard he must hit, to get it out of the way.

some folks think he shuts the door of his house with his big hand.

I do not think so.

He knows that the tide will wash a lump of sand over his hole, for a door.

the tide shuts him in.

he watches the waves come near.

at the last wave he jumps through his door, for he knows the next wave will close it.

He never stays up one wave too long. He gets in in time.

he is shut in his house with Mrs. Crab.

he knows that the tide will pass, and he has bugs to eat.

when Mr. Crab has lost a leg or hand, and a new one grows, it is small at first.

then when he gets a new coat, the new hand or leg bedrooms half as large as the one he lost.

The next new coat, the new hand or leg comes out the full size it should be.

When crabs get a new shell we say they molt.

27.2.31 Untitled

Selected Words

as fast as

STPAFTS

as many

SPHAEPB

as the

SAZ

have a

SRA

she can

SHEBG

we have

SWRAOE

Text

We have a very large cat.

She can run as fast as the dog.

I think she can catch and kill as many rats as the dog.

I saw her catch a bird.

She likes to play with rats.

27.2.32 Untitled

Selected Words

had a

HA

in the

TPH-T

this is

TH-S

Text

This is Ned's hen and little ones. Ned fed them some soft food. He is fond of his old hen. She lets him pet the little ones. Ned's hen had a nest in the shed.

27.2.33 Untitled

Selected Words

are not

R-PBLT

I can

AOEUBG

in the

TPH-T

with the

W-T

Text

The ten little chicks with the hen are not very wild. They will eat in the box with the dog. I can hold Frank's horse. Frank will let me ride him. I can feed him, too.

27.2.34 Untitled

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

as well

SW*EL

as well as

SW*ELS

as well as

SW-LS

as you

AUZ

I can

AOEUBG

I will

KWREUL

is a

SA*EU

see it

STAOE

that is

THAS

you can

UBG

Text

Look, Jane! I can write as well as you. See how I write!

O Tom! You must make a big t, not a little t.

I cannot make a big t. Tell me how, Jane; you can make it.

T. That is a big t.

Now I will write it again, and let papa see it.

27.2.35 Untitled

Selected Words

is the

S-T

Text

The ball is big. Has the boy a ball? The boy has a top. Has the girl a doll? The doll is little. Is the doll white?

27.2.36 Untitled

Selected Words

got a

TKPWAOEUT

he can

K*E

he has

HEZ

in a

TPHA*EU

to the

TOT

up and

SKPUP

Text

Last fall Will got a small dog. He calls him Tip.

Will has come to the pond to fish. He has some buns in a basket, and makes Tip sit up and beg for his share.

Tip is so wise, Will thinks he can almost talk.

27.2.37 Untitled

Selected Words

in the

TPH-T

run to

TOURPB

to the

TOT

will be

HR-B

you will

HR*U

Text

Touch me and say Tag; then run away. Shall I run to the boat? No; you cannot run fast in the sand. You will be caught.

27.2.38 Untitled

Selected Words

a lot

HROELT

a lot of

HROEFLT

Chapman

KPA KHAP PHA*PB

did not

TKEUPBLT

do not

TKPHOT

from you

TPRU

from your

TPRUR

glad to

TKPWHRAOD

good day

TKPW-D

has been

HAB

have a

SRA

have not

SR-PBLT

have to

STRO

have to

STRO

have you

SRU

he said

HEBS

he were

ERP

I can

AOEUBG

I have

SREU

lot of

HROFT

much for

TPHOUFRP

no one

TPHOEUPB

so long

SHROPBG

so you

SOU

sort of

SOFRT

that I

THAEU

to be

TOB

we are

WER

what are

WHAR

with you

WU

you can

UBG

Text

Come, Fred, let us have a chat with this old man.

Good day, Mr. Rich, we are glad to see you look so well. How hard you work, sir!

Yes, my boys, I have to work hard. I have to chop all day long, but I have not done much today as yet.

You have made a lot of chips here, Mr. Rich. What are they good for?

I burn them, but the wood that I cut, I sell.

Do you not get a rest from your hard work, now and then, Mr. Rich?

O, yes, I fish when fish are to be had, but one can get no sort of fish but chub just now. Such fish I do not care much for.

O no, nor do we. But have you no one to work with you, Mr. Rich?

Will Chapman has been with me all along, but he left me today. I chided him for his bad work. He got to be too slow. He said he did not wish me to talk to him as if he were but a chit, when we had been chums so long, and then he went off. But I can get along without him.

So you can, Mr. Rich. Good day, sir.

Good day, boys.

27.2.39 Untitled

Selected Words

and the

SKP-T

and this

STHAPBD

into the

TPHAOT

lots of

HROFTS

went to

TWOEPBT

with the

W-T

Text

That and this, this and that; Ned is thin, but Tom is fat.

Tom and Ned went to get a bag of nuts and Mab and Gus went with them.

Did the lads have fun with the nuts?

Ned and Tom had lots of fun, but Gus and Mab got into a bog.

Then a man sent for his dog, and the man went with his dog into the bog for Mab and Gus.

27.2.40 Untitled

Selected Words

from the

TPR-T

full of

TPUFL

I think

KWREUBG

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

them to

THOEUPL

to the

TOT

Text

These men go out in the sea to catch fish to sell in the market. They catch them in a net and bring them to the land. I think they will bring the net to the beach under the crag.

Do you see the crag? It is a high, steep rock. The men's boat is on the beach, near the foot of the crag.

The fish are alive; they try to spring from the net. It is hard work to drag a net full of fish to the shore.

27.2.41 Untitled

Selected Words

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

there are

THR-R

up and

SKPUP

Text

Nell and Fan are in the Park. Nell sees a nest in a tree. It is a robin's nest. "Let us go up and look at it. O see! There are three little eggs in it. The old robin is back, let us go."

27.2.42 Mr. and Mrs. Crab Get a New Coat

Selected Words

and more

SKPHOR

as big as

SPWEUGS

as you

AUZ

do not

TKPHOT

do you

TKOU

does that

TKHAOS

few of

TPAOUF

have to

STRO

have to

STRO

I will

KWREUL

in a

TPHA*EU

in all

TPHAUL

is a

SA*EU

is too

STAO

of the

-FT

out of

OUFT

so fast

SOFZ

what can

WHA*BG

will not

HR-PBLT

you could

UBGD

you do

TKO*U

Text

Your skin is soft and fine.

As you grow more and more, your skin does not break.

Your skin gets larger as your body grows.

But Mr. Crab is in a hard shell.

The shell will not stretch.

It gets too tight, and what can Mr. Crab do then?

What do you do when your coat is too small?

Now I will tell you a strange thing.

When Mr. Crab finds that his shell is too small, he takes it off, as you take off your coat.

He pulls his legs, his hands, and his back, out of his shell.

He does that in his house.

You do not undress out of doors.

You go to your room.

So does Mr. Crab.

He slips out of his shell.

He pulls out his feet and hands, as if he took off his boots and his gloves.

Then he is a poor, soft, cold thing.

But over all his body is spread a skin, soft as paste, like glue and lime.

In a few days it gets hard.

It is as big as Mr. Crab, and just fits his shape.

It is a good, new shell!

It has the right colors -- blue, brown, red, or gold.

It has spots and rings.

When Mrs. Crab changes her shell, Mr. Crab stays near, and tries to keep her from being hurt.

The young crabs have to change their shells often, they grow so fast.

Crabs that live in dark mud have dark brown and green shells.

Some crabs have sand-colored shells -- pale gray or brown shells, with close, fine specks like sand on them.

There are more kinds of crabs than you could count.

They live in all parts of the world.

This book tells you of only a few of them.

27.2.43 Untitled

Selected Words

about the

PW-T

has been

HAB

is not

S-PBLT

that is

THAS

Text

The salt has been all taken away.

Have you seen my ball about the hall?

Boys, fall in line. Let us all step in time. Right, left; right, left. That is not bad. Now try it over. Right, left; right, left. Now it is time to call a halt.

27.2.44 Untitled

Selected Words

how fast

HOUFZ

they can

THEBG

they cannot

THEBG TPHOT

this is

TH-S

to me

TPHE

Text

This hen has ten chicks. How fast they can run!

Can these little chicks fly?

No, they cannot fly.

We will feed them. See them eat. This is my hen. My sister gave her to me.

27.2.45 Untitled

Selected Words

and a

SKPA

at the

TE

did not

TKEUPBLT

in a

TPHA*EU

of the

-FT

Sadie

SAEUD KWREU

Text

Cat has the babe in a wagon. She will take it to ride by the lake.

The babe is safe with Kate.

Jane met Kate at the gate. She gave the babe a cake and a bun. The babe ate the bun, but did not eat the cake.

The name of the babe is Sadie.

Sadie is fond of Kate and Jane.

27.2.46 Untitled

Selected Words

from the

TPR-T

he can

K*E

I have

SREU

is the

S-T

that he

THAE

that is

THAS

to find

TOFPBD

will not

HR-PBLT

Text

That is the big red lion; hear him roar. Let us go and hide from the lion, so that he will not bite us.

He will not bite us, for he cannot get near to us, though he can roar.

I had nine pins in my hand, but I have lost five. I must try to find them.

27.2.47 Untitled

Selected Words

do you

TKOU

from a

TPRA*

take the

TAEUBGT

Text

See Ben chop the big log.

These children come from a farm close by to watch him, and take the chips home to start the fire.

"Say, Ben," said one, "do you chop to make chips?"

"O no," said Ben, "I must cut this log in four."

27.2.48 Untitled

Selected Words

and to

TAOPBD

Bep

PW*P *E P*

come in

TKPHOPL

did not

TKEUPBLT

Dot

KPA TKOT

from a

TPRA*

had a

HA

he said

HEBS

I did

TK*EUD

in the

TPH-T

is an

SA*PB

is not

S-PBLT

of a

AEUF

out of

OUFT

she is

SHES

so I

SO*EU

so you

SOU

that I

THAEU

this is

TH-S

to me

TPHE

when I

WHEU

will you

HRU

Text

"Come in with me, my boy," said old Rob, when I met him today near his hut. So I went in. When we got in, he told me to sit upon a bit of log, that had a rug upon it, and to put my hat upon a cot or bed nearby. "This is my dog, Bep," said he. "He is not a bad dog, so you may pat him." But the dog was big and fat, so that I did not get him to play with me. "This is Dot, my cat," said Rob. The cat sat upon a mat near him. "She is an old pet," said he, "and yet a good cat to get rats." He then got some tea out of a pot. "Will you have some tea?" said the old man. The tea was good, but hot. He then cut a bit of bun for me, and put some nuts into my hand. He said he got the nuts from a tree in the lot near the hut. How good to me the old man was!

27.2.49 Untitled

Selected Words

in the

TPH-T

Text

The dog's food is in the coop.

The baby's milk will soon be cool.

That poor man has an old broom. He will clean the path for us for a dime.

27.2.50 Untitled

Selected Words

and I

SKPEU

full of

TPUFL

has to

THAOS

he has

HEZ

I will

KWREUL

of it

T-F

of the

-FT

off and

SKPOF

she can

SHEBG

sums

SUPLZ

that he

THAE

Text

Tom has a hard sum to do, and May has to hem the rim of her hat. But Tim will play all day with his new, red top, he is so fond of it. He has got it to go so well that it hums. Tom says the hum of the top will vex him, if he has to do sums. But Tim is so full of fun, that he cannot rest. May says, she can hem when Tim's top hums, but begs of him to run off and not vex Tom. Tim says, he will do ten sums for Tom, if Tom will let him. Poor Tim! He cannot do sums yet, they are too hard for him. Tom says, he will give Tim some nuts if he will run off, and May says, "Do run off, Tim, and I will give you a bun with some jam on it." May goes out with Tim, and gets the bun and jam for him, and some ham too, and then Tim gets the nuts from Tom.

27.2.51 Untitled

Selected Words

will not

HR-PBLT

Text

You cannot catch a bird, Tom.

A bird will not let you. It will fly.

Let me catch you, birdie.

Will you?

27.2.52 Untitled

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

Ada

A TKA

but it

TPWUT

if you

TPU

is a

SA*EU

is by

SPWEU

is not

S-PBLT

it can

T-BG

one is

SW*UPB

one of

WUFPB

to the

TOT

up and

SKPUP

when I

WHEU

Text

Ada has two dolls. One of them is a big doll. One is a little doll. She holds the little doll in her arms.

The big doll is by her side.

Can the dog walk?

No, it cannot walk; but it can sit up and lie down.

Can it talk?

No; but if you pinch the doll it will cry -- Mamma!

Does it hurt the doll when I pinch it?

No; the doll does not feel as we do. It is not alive.

But Ada talks to it just as she does to the baby.

27.2.53 Untitled

Selected Words

cheep

KHAO*EP

from your

TPRUR

has been

HAB

then the

THEPBT

Text

The old hen has been on her nest two weeks. It will take one more to hatch the eggs. Then the little chickens will come to life.

Peep, peep! Cheep, cheep! Come from your shells, little chicks.

27.2.54 Untitled

Selected Words

and I

SKPEU

and I can

SKPEUBG

as big as

SPWEUGS

he can

K*E

I am

KWRAEUPL

I can

AOEUBG

is not

S-PBLT

take the

TAEUBGT

to the

TOT

too far

TAOFR

Text

Fred and I can take the skates and go to the creek.

The skates are mine, but I like to slide. Fred can skate this time.

I shall take a good run and slide across the creek.

Fred thinks he can skate a mile, but he must not go too far from me.

I take good care of Fred. He is not as big as I am.

27.2.55 Baa! Baa! White Sheep

Selected Words

!

SKHRAPL

baa

B* A* A*

clothing

KHRO*ET -G

made

PHAED

may be

PHA*EUB

off the

OFT

they say

THEBZ

we have

SWRAOE

Text

We have many sheeps on our farm. They eat grass all day. They say, "Baa! Baa!"

Sheep gives us wool for our clothing. It may be that your winter coat or dress is made from wool.

Each spring the wool is cut off the sheep's back. Father gets a man to help him with this work.

27.2.56 More about Mr. Crab

Selected Words

are a

RA*

come out

KPHOUT

do not

TKPHOT

has been

HAB

he can

K*E

he knows

H*EPBS

hold up

HOUP

I could

EUBGD

if you

TPU

in a

TPHA*EU

in each

TPHAOEFP

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

out of

OUFT

so long

SHROPBG

to the

TOT

would not

WOPBLT

you do

TKO*U

you know

KWRAOUPB

Text

I could, for a year, tell you queer things about Mr. Crab.

Where are your bones?

They are inside your body.

Your bones are a frame to hold up your soft flesh.

Mr. Crab's bones are on the outside of his body.

His bones are his armor, to keep him from being hurt.

The crab can live and breathe either in water or on land.

You can live only on land.

He can both walk and swim.

Mrs. Crab lays eggs.

A hen, you know, lays eggs, one by one, in a nest.

She keeps them warm till the chicks come out.

The crab's eggs are put in a long tube or sack.

Mrs. Crab does not leave them in a nest.

She carries them tied on her legs, or under her body.

When the small crabs come out of the eggs, they grow very fast.

When you catch a crab by his arm or leg, if you do not let go, he drops off this arm or leg, and runs.

He will first pinch you, if he can, with his big claw.

Could you run with one leg gone?

The crab has legs to spare.

Then, too, his legs will grow again.

Yours would not.

A crab's leg, or hand, will grow again very soon, when one has been lost.

But if his eye-peg is cut off, it takes a whole year for a new eye to grow.

I think he knows that; he is very careful of his eyes.

The eye-pegs of one kind of crab are very long.

He has a wide, flat shell.

This is a notch in each side of his shell.

He can let his eyes lie in that notch.

How can he do that? His eye-pegs are so long he can bend them down flat to the shell and keep them safe in the notch.

27.2.57 Untitled

Selected Words

and is

SKP-S

I will

KWREUL

if the

TP-T

is a

SA*EU

it has

T-Z

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

to the

TOT

you know

KWRAOUPB

Text

May we take a sail on the bay? No, for I fear it will rain very soon. You may take a pail and go to the end of the lane and get some bait for us to fish with. Fish bite best on a rainy day.

This fish is a shad. It has fins, and is very bony. Shad live near the big, wide sea.

Do you know if the mail has come today? No, but I will hail the postman and ask him if it has come.

Try and hit that nail on its head.

27.2.58 Earth Bees

Selected Words

an ant

APB APBT

and a

SKPA

as the

SAZ

by it

TPWEU

did you

TKU

full of

TPUFL

in a

TPHA*EU

in each

TPHAOEFP

in the

TPH-T

into the

TPHAOT

is it

ST

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

made of

PHAEFD

of a

AEUF

off and

SKPOF

so much

SOFP

which the

KH-T

you ever

UFR

Text

Do all bees build in hives? No. Wild bees like to build in hollow trees.

In hot lands, some bees build in holes in the rock. Swarms of bees that leave hives find odd places to live in. I knew of a swarm that found a hole in the roof of a house.

The bees got into the roof and lived there five years. When a man took them out, they had two big tubs full of comb. Is it not odd that bees can make so much wax from their small wax-bags?

did you ever find in the earth the nest of a humble-bee? The humble-bee queen works. Humble-bees dig holes in the earth with their front feet.

When they have made a hall and a room, they makes a nest. It is of grass, or leaves, or hay, cut fine.

They makes honey in large combs. The combs are more soft and dark than those which the hive bee makes. Field mice and moles eat these bees and their combs.

One little bee, that lives alone, saws out a nest in a post or tree. She makes one room over the other. In each she puts an egg and food.

She seals the door up with a paste made of sawdust. Then she goes off and dice. The next spring out come the new bees.

They know how to get food and make homes, just as the mother did. One kind of bee makes a house much like an ant-hill. She makes a long hall.

From the hall she opens small rooms. In each room she puts food, in a ball like a pea. Then she lays an egg by it, and leaves the small bee to grow up alone.

27.2.59 Untitled

Selected Words

can I

KEU

have a

SRA

how can

HOUBG

how many

HOUPL

how much

HOUFP

is a

SA*EU

is the

S-T

of a

AEUF

then the

THEPBT

there are

THR-R

to the

TOT

what is

SWHA*

will be

HR-B

you say

UBZ

Text

Wash your face clean, and then we will have a race to the schoolhouse.

Let us find a good place to study and do some sums. How much will a brace of ducks cost, at ten cents for one duck?

What is a brace? A brace means two. Then the price will be twenty cents.

Grace, tell the price of a piece of lace at six cents a yard. How can I tell, unless you say how many yards there are? There are five yards. What is the cost?

27.2.60 How the Bee is Made

Selected Words

and she

SKPHE

are the

R-T

as a

SA*Z

as the

SAZ

but it

TPWUT

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

is done

STKOPB

is not

S-PBLT

is the

S-T

it has

T-Z

made of

PHAEFD

more than

PH-RPB

of the

-FT

she can

SHEBG

she is

SHES

so many

SOEPL

so much

SOFP

that is

THAS

there are

THR-R

there is

THR-LGS

you can

UBG

Text

There are many kinds of bees. The chief of them all is the hive bee. What does the hive bee make for you to eat?

In each hive there are three kinds of bees. The queen bee is the first. She rules all, and she is the mother of all.

The queen bee does no work. She lays eggs in the cells. The father bee is called the drone. He does no work.

Who, then, builds so many fine cells? Who lays up so much honey? Who feeds the baby bees?

The small, quiet, brown work bees do all that.

In each hive there is one queen bee to lay eggs.

And there are the drone bees, who hum and walk about. And there are more than you can count, of work bees, to do all that is done.

How does a bee grow?

Like the wasp, the bee is first an egg. Then it is a grub, or a worm. Then, shut in a cell, it gets legs and wings, and turns into a full grown bee.

The bee is formed of three parts, as a wasp is; but the body is not so slim. The parts are put close to each other. The bee has six legs, and four wings, and many eyes set close like one.

The bee has many hairs on its legs and body. These fine hairs are its velvet coat.

Part of the bee's mouth is a long tongue.

It can roll this up: it uses it to get honey from flowers.

The body of the bee is made of rings. The drone bee has a thick body, a round head, and no sting.

The queen bee has a long, slim body. Her wings are small. She can sting: so can the work bee.

The work bee is not so large as the other two, but it has large wing. The work bee must fly far for food or wax. The queen bee stays at home.

27.2.61 The Bee War

Selected Words

all the

AULT

at an

TA*PB

begin to

STKPWOEUPB

do is

STKO

do not

TKPHOT

do the

TKO*T

from the

TPR-T

in a

TPHA*EU

into the

TPHAOT

is the

S-T

is to

STO

of the

-FT

off the

OFT

one of

WUFPB

she is

SHES

the two

TWOT

to the

TOT

until the

TPH-LT

when the

WHEPBT

where the

W-RT

will not

HR-PBLT

Text

After the old queen goes out in a rage, what do the rest of the bees do? They all keep still, but they look to the cells where the new queens sing. Then one new queen breaks off the lid of her cell and comes out.

She lifts her head, spreads her wing, dries her legs. Her legs are like gold. Her dress is velvet and gold.

She is fine! The bees fan her and feed her. But just then a cell nearby opens, and out comes one more new queen!

This will not do. Two queens do not live in one hive. When the two queens see each other, they rush together and begin to fight.

If they stop the fight to rest, the work bees make them keep on. At last one of them stings the other near the wing, and kills her.

Then this strong queen runs to the other cells, where the baby queens lie. She tears off the wax lids and stings each new queen bee. Then it dies.

Now the strong queen is the one true queen of the hive. Her rage is at an end. The bees come to her and touch her.

They are proud of their fine, new queen, and love her. They carry out all the dead bees from the hive, and in great joy build new cells. The queen bee leaves the hive but twice.

After few weeks after she is made queen, the work bees let her go out once into the sun and air. But her wings are very small. She cannot fly far.

She has no bag for dust. She does not need to get honey. Awe she Ned do is to come home and lay eggs.

She does not go out again until the next year. Then she leads off a swarm of old bees, and leaves the hive to the next new queen bee.

27.2.62 Untitled

Selected Words

on this

THOPB

what is

SWHA*

will not

HR-PBLT

Text

What is on this nest?

A little black bird sits on her nest.

Now, papa, see that, nest with three eggs in it.

See them, papa; white eggs!

I will not get them.

27.2.63 The Milkman

Selected Words

about the

PW-T

bring

PWREU

do you

TKOU

do you know

TKAOUPBLG

how do

TKHOU

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

there were

THR-RP

you know

KWRAOUPB

you think

UPBG

Text

A nice old man brings milk to our house. He comes in a blue car.

Some mornings our milkman lets me ride in the car with him. I like to do that! Then I run and put the milk at every house for him.

As we ride around, he tells me about the days when there were no cars. How do you think he took the milk then? Do you know?

27.2.64 Untitled

Selected Words

I think

KWREUBG

will not

HR-PBLT

Text

John is on a big horse. I think John will not ride far today.

27.2.65 Untitled

Selected Words

and I

SKPEU

did not

TKEUPBLT

did you

TKU

in the

TPH-T

into the

TPHAOT

out to

TPOUT

that the

THAT

walk in

TPWHAUBG

went into

TPWHAOEPBT

Text

John and I got up at six.

Was the sunup at six?

Yes, the sun was up before six today.

When we saw that the sun was up, we did not lie in bed.

We got up, too, and went out to walk.

Where did you and John go for a walk?

We went into the field.

I like to walk in the fields before it is hot.

27.2.66 Untitled

Selected Words

could not

KOPBLT

I could

EUBGD

is a

SA*EU

Text

Tom has a mule, his name is Ned.

Ned is lame and cannot go fast.

"Here is a stick," said Ben, "hit him and make him go."

"No indeed," said Tom," I could not strike my poor lame Ned."

27.2.67 Untitled

Selected Words

am not

PH-PBLT

and I

SKPEU

do not

TKPHOT

from the

TPR-T

fun to

TPOUPB

have a

SRA

I am

KWRAEUPL

I can

AOEUBG

I have

SREU

if I

TPEU

if the

TP-T

so I

SO*EU

they cannot

THEBG TPHOT

Vix

SR*P *EU KP*

what a

WHA*

will be

HR-B

with the

W-T

Text

I am Vix, a pet fox, and I have a box with a rug in it to sit upon. I am not so big as that ox, but then he cannot run so well as I.

I see a man and his six dogs. They will come this way, so I am off to my box. It will tax the ox to get hid from the man and his dogs. But I can sit in my box, so that they cannot see me, but yet I can see them.

It will vex the man if the dogs do not get me; but, if I am hid in my box, they cannot. It is well for me that they cannot see me, for they are bad dogs, and they run well.

It is fun to vex the man with the gun and dogs, but what a fix the ox will be in, when they come up!

27.2.68 Untitled

Selected Words

can you

KU

did I

TKEU

do you

TKOU

do you know

TKAOUPBLG

how do

TKHOU

how many

HOUPL

how was

HOUFS

is a

SA*EU

is the

S-T

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

know about

TPHOEBT

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

some of

SPHOF

some of the

SOFPLT

that you

THAU

what can

WHA*BG

what else

WHAELS

what is

SWHA*

where are

WR-R

will you

HRU

you know

KWRAOUPB

you say

UBZ

Text

Where, and how, does Mr. Crab make his house? Where are Mr. Crab's bones?

Where are yours? Will you tell me how Mr. Crab gets on his new coat?

Tell me some of the kinds of crabs that you know of. What do crabs eat?

Why does one kind of crab steal a shell? Tell me about a crab's eyes.

How is the crab made, which likes to swim on the deep sea? What is a sea tide?

How many tides are there each day? How do little crabs grow?

Where do crabs hide, when they are afraid? What animals catch and eat crabs?

Of what use are crabs? Did I tell you that some crabs eat seaweed?

What is a wasp? How many legs and wings has Mrs. Wasp?

How is her body made? Why do her two wings on each side seem one?

Tell me what kind of houses wasps build. What can wasps make?

How do baby wasps grow? Tell me how wasps make paper.

What else do you know about crabs and wasps? What can you say about a wasp's sting?

How does the wasp eat?

27.2.69 Untitled

Selected Words

as it

TAZ

but it

TPWUT

did not

TKEUPBLT

in the

TPH-T

it was

T-FS

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

out of

OUFT

Text

See the little fly on the wall. Look! It is in the web. The old fly told it not to go by the web, but the poor little fly did not do as it was told. It will try hard, but it cannot get out of the web.

Will the old fly scold or will she help the poor little fly!

27.2.70 Untitled

Selected Words

and will

SKP-L

is a

SA*EU

on the

OPBT

out and

SKPOUT

that is

THAS

too far

TAOFR

Text

Will and Ned like to wade on the lake shore. Sometimes the waves are big and wash over them, but they think that is fun.

Will is seven and Ned is five.

They have lived by the lake all their lives, and love the water.

Will is a brave lad. One day Nell went in too far, and Will swam out and saved her.

27.2.71 The Wise Bees

Selected Words

all the

AULT

as soon as

S-PBS

come in

TKPHOPL

come out

KPHOUT

do not

TKPHOT

from the

TPR-T

if a

TPA*EU

in the

TPH-T

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

is not

S-PBLT

is to

STO

it a

TA*EU

of the

-FT

out and

SKPOUT

over it

TOEFR

so the

SOT

that is

THAS

they can

THEBG

they cannot

THEBG TPHOT

they do

TKHOE

to the

TOT

when it

TWHEPB

when the

WHEPBT

will not

HR-PBLT

Text

In the beehive all is not peace and joy. Foes come in and try to kill the poor bees. Who are these foes?

A caterpillar may come into the hive to live. The bees do not like him. He is not clean; he is in their way.

Slugs also come in. Snails and moths also come to steal the honey. When the foe is a small fly or slug, the bees kill it and take it out.

But a large worm or slug they cannot take out. What do they do then? They kill it, if they can, with their stings.

Then they build over it a tomb, or grave, of wax and gum. That is to keep the bad smell of the bug from the cells. If a snail comes in, they take this same strong gum and glue him to the floor.

Then he must die in his shell. If a strange queen flies in, they will not sting her.

But she must not stay. So the work bees form a ball about her, until she dies for lack of air.

I have told you how wasps kill bees. Birds eat bees.

Some birds break into the hive to get honey. Bears like honey. They break up wild bees' nests.

Hence and toads eat bees. Moths make the worst trouble in beehives.

In June or July, the work bees kill all the drones.

They do not wish to feed them when it is cold.

Bees lay up honey to eat when the flowers are dead and gone.

In the winter, bees sleep most of the time. They need some food to eat when they rouse. As soon as spring comes, they come out and go to work.

27.2.72 Untitled

Selected Words

for the

TP-RT

got a

TKPWAOEUT

in the

TPH-T

of it

T-F

to the

TOT

up to

TOUP

Text

Ben cut a gash in my cap. I wish Meg would mend it.

Rob got a lash on his shin. Hush! Let us not tell the lads of it.

Let us push my wagon up to the shed, and hunt for the shovel and put a bushel of dry sand in the wagon.

27.2.73 A Look at Mrs. Wasp

Selected Words

are not

R-PBLT

are the

R-T

at a

T*A

but it

TPWUT

from a

TPRA*

have a

SRA

if the

TP-T

if you

TPU

is a

SA*EU

is like

SHRAOEUBG

is the

S-T

made of

PHAEFD

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

one is the

SWUPBT

part of the

PAFRT

she has

SHEZ

them to

THOEUPL

there are

THR-R

to the

TOT

with the

W-T

Text

Mrs. Wasp's color is blue-black. She has yellow marks.

She has four thin wings. Two are large and two are small.

The front wings are the large ones. Her wings lie close to her sides when her body is at rest.

The wasp looks as if she had two wings, not four.

The two under ones are hooked to the upper ones.

Had he eyes are set close to her head. They are large.

They have a notch or dent in them. She has two long wands, called feelers, on her head.

They are made in joints. She touches things with them.

Her body is in three parts. The first part is the head, with the eyes and mouth.

The next part is thick and short. The hind part is long and slim.

These two join at a point. It looks as if the hind part might drop off, but it never does.

Mrs. Wasp has a long, sharp sting in her tail. The wasp's sting is like two fine saws.

A drop of poison runs through it from a bag.

You need not fear Mrs. Wasp. She does not sting if you let her alone.

She has six legs. The legs and wings are set on the part of the bodies that next the head.

She uses her front legs for hands. The body of the wasp is hard, and made of rings like scales.

Mrs. Wasp uses her jaws to cut up wood for paper. She does not need them to eat with.

She eats honey. When her baby eats spiders and caterpillars, it does not chew them.

It sucks out their juice.

Wasps bite fruit and spoil it. There are cross, and fight.

They kill bees for their honey.

All wasps are not of the same color.

The wasp that leaves her baby alone is the hermit wasp.

There is a wasp of a rust-red color.

27.2.74 Untitled

Selected Words

as a

SA*Z

as well

SW*EL

as well as

SW*ELS

as well as

SW-LS

do you

TKOU

from a

TPRA*

goes into

TKPWHAOS

I could

EUBGD

into the

TPHAOT

it a

TA*EU

will not

HR-PBLT

Text

Why do you run from a frog Tommy? He will not hurt you.

Is it a frog, Ned?

Yes; see him hop.

Do not be afraid, little frog. We will not hurt you.

There he goes into the water.

I wish I could swim as well as a frog can.

27.2.75 Untitled

Selected Words

every day

*EFRD

how the

HOUT

I know

KWR-PB

in the

TPH-T

you are

R*U

you can

UBG

Text

How the ducks like to splash in the pond. Quack! Quack! You can hear them all day long.

One day Queenie threw a crust of bread to them. They snapped at it as if they had never been fed; yet I know that Farmer Quinn feeds them corn every day.

Quack! Quack! Quack! You are queer greedy little ducks.

27.2.76 Untitled

Selected Words

from the

TPR-T

glad to

TKPWHRAOD

he were

ERP

listen to

THROEUFPB

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

to be

TOB

Text

Spring brings Robin back from the South. Listen to his sweet song as he swings on the branch of the old apple tree. He sings as if he were glad to be with us again.

Cheer up! Cheer up!

Winter is gone! Spring is here.

Cheer up! Cheer up!

27.2.77 Untitled

Selected Words

all the

AULT

chicken

KH*EUPB

doing the

TKAOGT

I see

STPHAOE

I think

KWREUBG

run to

TOURPB

that be

THAB

Text

Chick! Chick! Chick!

Nellie calls the hens and chickens. Let me count the chicks.

One, two, three, four, five. Yes, I see five chickens.

What nice chicks they are!

The old hen thinks so too.

When Nellie calls out, Chick! Chick! Chick! All the hens and chickens run to her.

She has some crumbs for them.

The little chickens are doing their best to get some but I think that big hen will get the most.

27.2.78 Untitled

Selected Words

and over

SKPOFR

Bose

PW*P O* S* E*

could not

KOPBLT

is a

SA*EU

of the

-FT

out of

OUFT

out to

TPOUT

when the

WHEPBT

Text

See Tom in his cart. He calls Bose his horse. Bose trots along and draws the cart with Tom in it.

Tom felt proud when the other boys saw him out to ride.

But soon Bose saw a cat. Then Tom could not hold him.

He ran out of the road, and over went the cart.

The boys laughed, and Tom laughed, too.

"Ah, boys," said Tom, "Bose will do for a horse till he sees a cat. Then he is a dog."

27.2.79 Untitled

Selected Words

am not

PH-PBLT

can you

KU

I am

KWRAEUPL

I can

AOEUBG

in the

TPH-T

of the

-FT

Text

Let us sail in the boat. I am not afraid of the water. I can swim. Can you swim?

27.2.80 Untitled

Selected Words

at a

T*A

at the

TE

can you

KU

for the

TP-RT

I can

AOEUBG

I have

SREU

I think

KWREUBG

I will

KWREUL

thank you

THA*UPBG

thank you

THAUPBG

that is

THAS

Text

Mommy, can you wink your right eye?

Yes, I think I can. Oh, but that is your left eye; try to wink the right. I can wink both eyes; one at a time.

I think it will soon be dinner time, Willie; please ring the bell for the man at the tank to come and get ready, and then hold this hank of thread for me to wind. I have made a cherry pie for you.

Oh, thank you, Mommy; after dinner I will fill your ink stand; it is nearly dry. I will wash it clean at the sink.

27.2.81 Untitled

Selected Words

are you

RU

going to

TKPW*GS

have a

SRA

have to

STRO

I am

KWRAEUPL

I can

AOEUBG

learn to

THROERPB

to have

TOF

where are

WR-R

you could

UBGD

Text

There goes a frog. See him hop away. Where are you going, Mr. Frog? I am going to have a swim. Don't you wish you could swim so well as I can? You have to learn to swim.

27.2.82 The Bee’s Work

Selected Words

all the

AULT

and a

SKPA

and all

SKPAUL

and to

TAOPBD

are also

R-LS

as the

SAZ

at once

TWUPBS

do the

TKO*T

full of

TPUFL

goes to

TKPWOS

how the

HOUT

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

is not

S-PBLT

is to

STO

it has

T-Z

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

line the

HRAOEUPBT

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

off the

OFT

out of

OUFT

put it

TPUT

things that

THAEUPBGS

what can

WHA*BG

when it

TWHEPB

will be

HR-B

you know

KWRAOUPB

Text

You know how the new queen bee is made and how she lives. Now let us see how the work bee gets on. The work bee in its small cell does not grow so large as the queen bee.

But it has larger wings. When it is a true bee, it pulse or breaks off the cap of its cell and comes out. It is wet and cold and weak.

But nearby is a cell, open, and full of honey. The newbie takes a nice meal. Then it goes out of the hive into the sun.

The other bees come to it, and touch it with their feelers. They lick it with their tongues, to smooth its brown coat, and help it to spread its wings.

Then off it goes to get honey and flower dust. It knows how at once. It does not need to learn.

It finds its way. It knows the right flowers. It tries to keep out of the way of things that will hurt it.

What color do the bees like best? They like blue best, and red and purple next best. They like flowers of a sweet smell, and all the flowers that have honey.

They bring home dust of flowers, hundred, and a kind of gum. The gum is to line the cells and to help make them strong.

If a queen bee dies, and all the baby Queens are also dead, what can the bees do?

They take a baby work bee and make a queen. Can they not live if they have no queen? No, not long, there will be no eggs laid.

How do they make a queen of a work bee? They pick out a good grub. They put it into a round queen cell.

They feed the work grub the queen food, or "royal jelly." When it grows up, it is not a work bee, but is a queen.

27.2.83 Other Bees

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

and an

SKPAPB

and I

SKPEU

and more

SKPHOR

did not

TKEUPBLT

do not

TKPHOT

Fourth of July

from a

TPRA*

full of

TPUFL

I am

KWRAEUPL

I did

TK*EUD

I had

H*EU

I was

EUFS

in an

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

is also

SHR-S

is the

S-T

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

may be

PHA*EUB

more than

PH-RPB

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

of this

TH-F

on the

OPBT

she has

SHEZ

they do

TKHOE

this be

TH-B

when she

SWHE

with the

W-T

would you

WOU

Text

One bee is called a mason bee. She takes fine mud or clay, to make a cell. The cell is the shape of an urn. Now and then, she builds this urn in an empty snail shell.

One kind of the mason bees is of a dark green color. Mason bees are very small. Some mason bees live in holes in the ground. In the hole they make a clay cell like a box.

But they are so neat that they do not like to see a mud wall. What does the bee do to her wall? She cuts out bits of nice, soft leaves, and lines her cell! Some bees take bits of green leaves, as of the plum tree.

But they like bright color best. One kind of bee lines her cell with the petals of roses. When she has glued them all over the cell, she then puts into it some food and an egg.

Do you not think the newbie will like its gay, pink cell? One kind of bee likes red poppy leaves best. She cuts the bits of leave quite small.

There is a bee in Brazil, which makes a large nest, like a great bag. It is full of round balls. The balls are full of honey. The wax and honey of this bee are of a dark color.

One kind of bee has no sting. Would you like that bee best?

The tree bee is also called the wild bee. This bee takes an old tree with a hollow trunk. It cleans out more and more of the old, deadwood, and builds nice combs.

A tall tree may be full of combs, from root to top. In such a tree, more than one swarm will live and work. Each swarm has its queen, and keeps in its own place.

Smoke makes bees fall, as if dead. People drive bees off with the smoke from a fire of wood or paper.

When I was a little girl, our bees sometimes swarmed on the fourth of July. I had to stay home and watch them, and I am sure I did not like that.

27.2.84 The Spider at Home

Selected Words

all the

AULT

as fast as

STPAFTS

as the

SAZ

but it

TPWUT

do you

TKOU

do you see

TOUZ

he can

K*E

hold up

HOUP

if you

TPU

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

is done

STKOPB

is not

S-PBLT

is to

STO

made of

PHAEFD

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

they can

THEBG

to find

TOFPBD

until the

TPH-LT

when it

TWHEPB

will not

HR-PBLT

you break it

U TPWRAEBG

Text

The spider, like the wasp, is busy all the time. It is not cross like a wasp. The bite of a spider does not do a man or a child much harm. A spider does not bite unless it is hurt, or when it kills its food. The bite is to kill flies, bees, wasps, ants, and such things, to eat.

Spiders make webs, nets, and snares. They can spin, weave, dig, hunt. Some can build rafts, and others make mud houses.

Their webs are to live or lie in.

The nests are for baby spiders. The snares are to catch food. The silk of the web is very fine, but it is very strong. It will hold up a big, fat spider.

It will hold fast a wasp or a bee. Do you see the spider on his thread? It is his swing. He can swing as the boy does in his rope swing.

Do you see the spider lie at rest in his web? Do you see the child rest in a web made of string.

How does the spider make his web?

First he find a good place. He presses the end of the tube he spins with, and makes a drop of glue fast to a wall, or leave, or stem. Then he drops away; and as he goes, the glue spins out in many fine streams, which unite into one, and turn to silk-like thread. If he does not find a good place to make his web fast, he can climb back!

How can he climb back? He runs up his line as fast as he came down. If you scare him, he drops down on his line like a flash. It will not break.

If you break it, he wind up the end quickly. Then he runs off to find a new place to which to make it fast.

The long lines in the web are called rays. The spider spins the rays first. The rays are spread out like the spokes of a wheel.

Webs are of many shapes. You often see the round web.

The spider guides the lines with his feet as he spins. He pulls each one to see if it is firm.

Then he spins a thread, round and round, from ray to ray, until the web is done.

27.2.85 Our Big Barn

Selected Words

and I

SKPEU

close "

KR-GS

he said

HEBS

I go

TKPWEU

in the

TPH-T

Molly

PHOL HREU

open "

KW-GS

to the

TOT

went to

TWOEPBT

Text

Jack and I go to the barn with Father. He feeds the cows and horses in the barn. I help to feed my pet cow.

Once when we went to the barn, old Molly put her nose against my face. Jack laughed. He said, "That horse likes you."

27.2.86 The Hermit Crab

Selected Words

about the

PW-T

and I

SKPEU

as you

AUZ

could find

KOUFPBD

could not

KOPBLT

do not

TKPHOT

do you

TKOU

down the

TKOUPBT

from the

TPR-T

he could

HEBGD

he has

HEZ

he knows

H*EPBS

he wants

HEPTS

in a

TPHA*EU

in front

STPROPBT

in the

TPH-T

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

is about

SPW

it was

T-FS

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

may be

PHA*EUB

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

she has

SHEZ

so often

SOEFPB

some of

SPHOF

that he

THAE

the two

TWOT

there was

THR-FS

to feel

TOFL

to the

TOT

top of

TOFP

top of the

TOFPT

up and

SKPUP

when it

TWHEPB

which the

KH-T

you would

ULD

Text

Do you wish to hear more about the crab that steals his house?

Why does he do that?

His back is long and soft, and has no hard shell.

If he could find no hard cover, he could not live.

All the other crabs would bite or pinch him.

So would many fish.

He is called the Hermit Crab.

As the Hermit Crab gross too big for one shell, he finds another.

He never stays outside of his shell until he knows that he is about to die.

How does he know that?

I cannot tell.

But he comes out, lies flat down by his house, and dies.

He wants his house to live in, not to die in.

When he needs to change his shell-house, he hunts for one to suit him.

Then he puts in his long claw, to feel if it is clean and empty.

Now and then he finds another crab in it.

Then the two fight for it.

If some small thing lives in the shell which the hermit wants, he pulse it out with his long claw.

Then he brings the new shell near, and springs from the shell he is in to the shell he wants, as you would spring from chair to chair.

On the end of his long, soft tail he has a hook.

He twists his soft body into the new shell.

Then he clasps his tail-hook to a small, round post in the top of the curl of the shell.

That holds him fast.

His horny legs hang out in front.

He can run and carry the shell.

He can draw back into the shell and hide.

There is a small, pink, sea-animal, like a flower, that one kind of crab likes.

He wants it to grow on his shell.

It may be that it helps him to catch food.

Or, it may be that he likes it to hide the door of his shell.

This pink sea-creature can build more shell on the edge of the one the crab lives in.

This makes the shell larger.

Then the crab need not move so often.

When he moves, he takes his friend with him.

He puts out his claw and lifts her off his old shell and sets her on the edge of the new one.

Then he holds her there until she has made herself fast.

Then he slips in, tail first.

The fine red, pink, and white frills of the friend hang like a veil over his door.

They keep fish and other foes away.

For this pink thing can sting.

Once I found a nice shell.

I thought it was empty, and I kept it for eight or ten days in a box. Then I laid it on a shelf.

One day I heard, clack! Clack! Crack!

And there was my shell running up and down the shelf.

In the South Seas some of these crabs do not live in sea shells.

They live in coconut shells. They eat the meat of the nuts. When it is all eaten they seek for another shell.

Each night these crabs crawl into the water to get wet. They leave their eggs in the water to hatch.

27.2.87 Sea Babies

Selected Words

are not

R-PBLT

as a

SA*Z

as small as

SPHAULS

at the

TE

full of

TPUFL

he said

HEBS

I said

EUBS

I was

EUFS

in front

STPROPBT

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

is the

S-T

it was

T-FS

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

lima bean

HRAOEU PHA PWAOEPB

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

of this

TH-F

on the

OPBT

one is

SW*UPB

the two

TWOT

they were

THERP

this is

TH-S

to be

TOB

where the

W-RT

Text

Now we must learn more about that string of eggs that Mrs. Conch left on the sand. First it was like a thread with knots tied close together on it. Then it grew to be a yard long. It grew very fast.

The knots grew into little cases, or pockets. They were set close to each other. At the two ends of the string the cases were small, but after three or four small ones, the others were of the size and shape of big Lima beans.

Once I was out on the sand with a boy.

We found a string of this kind. It had been cast up by the waves. It was of a pale straw-color, and like a long curl.

The boy said, "It is a seaweed."

I said, "No." Then he said, "It is some kind of a bean or seed." I said, "It is fish seed." Let us look at it.

Each case, or pocket, is flat, and has a rim. The rim has lines in it. In the front edge is a small, round spot, where the case is very thin. This is the door of the case.

The sides of the case are very tough. Let us cut one case open. It is full of white gum, or jelly.

I see in it specks like grains of sand. Here is one more string, far up on the sand. This one is dry, hard, and light. The little thin places are real holes now.

The cases are quite empty. Here is one more string. This, too, is light and dry. But the holes in front are not open.

Shake it. Does it rattle? Yes. Cut a case open.

Why! Each case is full of wee shells! Each shell is as small as a grain of rice! See how thin and white these shells are.

27.2.88 Untitled

Selected Words

as fast as

STPAFTS

Carlo

KAR HROE

go into

TKPWHAO

he could

HEBGD

I think

KWREUBG

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

into the

TPHAOT

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

learn to

THROERPB

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

thank you

THA*UPBG

thank you

THAUPBG

the two

TWOT

what a

WHA*

with the

W-T

Text

Fred has a new drum. His father got it in a toy shop.

Fred was glad when his father gave it to him.

He said, "Thank you, papa, for this nice drum. I like my drum better than my ball or my top. Hear me play on it."

How did Fred play on his drum?

He beat it as fast as he could with the two drum sticks.

Fred's mother said, "Oh what a noise you make! You may go into the yard and beat it."

All the boys like Fred's drum.

They come and play with him in the yard, and march while he beats his drum.

His father says he must learn to play a tune.

His mother says she does not like that kind of music.

But I think Carlo likes it. He barks, and jumps about, when he hears Fred play. Look at him in the picture.

27.2.89 Untitled

Selected Words

and a

SKPA

he can

K*E

I think

KWREUBG

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

is going

STKPW-G

mew

PHAOU

mew

PHAO*U

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

out of

OUFT

Text

Jeff Brown is going out of the house for a can of oil and a bag of flour. He must not pout, nor should he shout very loud in the street, or stop to play.

Jeff stops; he sees something on the ground; it is round and red; it is a cent. How glad he is; now he can buy an apple to give to his little sister Dot.

Listen to Dot's cat. Does it say, " Mew, mew"? I think it says, "Meow, meow."

27.2.90 About Mr. Drill

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

about the

PW-T

and he

SKPE

as hard as

SHA*RDZ

as the

SAZ

could not

KOPBLT

did not

TKEUPBLT

goes to

TKPWOS

he can

K*E

in a

TPHA*EU

in each

TPHAOEFP

in the

TPH-T

in this

STHEUPBS

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

is like

SHRAOEUBG

is not

S-PBLT

is this

STH

it has

T-Z

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

that he

THAE

that you

THAU

that you were

THAURP

there are

THR-R

thing is

TH*EUPBGS

through the

THRUT

we could

WEBGD

which is

WEUS

you ever

UFR

you were

URP

Text

Here is a small shellfish. He looks like Mr. Conch, but isn't so large. He is quite small. His real size in the sea isn't much larger than he is in this picture. His name is Mr. Drill.

His color is dark brown. His shell has ridges on it. The body of the drill is dark green. It has a long tail to twist round in its shell.

The drill does not live alone in a place by himself. A whole host of them live near one another.

The very strangest thing about the drill is his tongue. It is from his tongue that he gets his name.

Did you ever see a man use a file? With it he can cut a hole in a piece of iron or stone. The tongue of the drill is like a file. How is this tongue made?

It is a little soft band that will move in any way, or roll up, or push out. In this fine band are set three rows of teeth. There are many teeth in each row. The teeth are fine and as hard as the point of a pin. We could not see them if we did not use the glass that you were told of.

With this fine tongue the drill can cut or saw a hole in a thick shell.

This drill is very greedy. He eats many kinds of shellfish. He likes best of all to eat the oyster.

How does he go to work? He cannot break the shell of the oyster as the conch can. No. The way he does is this.

With his tough foot he gets fast hold of the oyster shell. He picks out the thin, smooth spot called the eye of the shell. Then he goes to to work to file his hole. It will take him a long time.

Some say it will take him two days. But he is not lazy. He keeps fast hold and saws away. At last the hole is made clear through the shell.

It is small, smooth, even; no man could make a neater hole. Then he puts into the hole a long tube which is on the end of his cloak or veil. He can suck with that, and he sucks up the oyster till the poor thing is all gone.

27.2.91 Untitled

Selected Words

at the

TE

do not

TKPHOT

if you

TPU

in the

TPH-T

to the

TOT

when you

WHU

Text

Tom Green can split a cord of wood.

Dora Brown scrubs the floor with sand.

Do not scratch the slate with a pin.

Scrape your feet when you come indoors.

When spring comes, the seeds sprout.

Then the leaves unfold to the sunshine.

Laugh, if you please, but do not scream.

Notice that script letters all slant.

Do not snap the whip at the dog; it will make him snarl and growl at you.

Cora Wilson slipped in the slush.

27.2.92 Mrs. Wasp’s Year

Selected Words

all the

AULT

bring it

TPWREU

call the

KAULT

changed it

KHAEUPBG T-D

come out

KPHOUT

do not

TKPHOT

get that

TKPWHAET

has to

THAOS

I will

KWREUL

in each

TPHAOEFP

in the

TPH-T

in this

STHEUPBS

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

is not

S-PBLT

is to

STO

it has

T-Z

nymph

TPHEUFRP

of a

AEUF

off the

OFT

pupa

--

she is

SHES

shut up

SHUP

that a

THA*

that the

THAT

they do

TKHOE

to be

TOB

when it

TWHEPB

when the

WHEPBT

Text

I will now tell you of a wasp that does not live alone. This Mrs. Wasp takes good care of her babies. She is called the social wasp.

While it is winter Mrs. Wasp hides. She does not like the cold.

Most wasps die in the winter. Only a few live to come out in the spring.

The first thing Mrs. Wasp does in the spring is to build a new house. She does not use an old house.

She puts her eggs into the house, with some food. When the young wasps grow up, and come out, they help build.

More cells are put into the house. An egg is laid in each cell.

The egg gross into a grub. The wasps feed the grub.

They bring it honey. The baby wasp has no wings nor feet.

It has to be shut up, to grow into a true wasp. When the time comes, the wasps put a wax lid upon the cell.

At last the new wasp eats off the lid, and comes out, a full grown wasp. Wasps work hard all the time.

They fly about for food, and for stuff to make paper, wax, and varnish and glue. They have homes to build, and little wasps to rear.

They seem to know they must nearly all die, when frost comes. When the cold begins, the old wasps look into the cells.

They kill all the eggs, grubs, and half-grown wasps that they find there. Why do they do that?

Do they not seem to love the baby wasps? Yes.

They kill them quickly to keep them from dying of hunger and cold. Is not that a queer way to show love?

Some wise people do not feel sure that the wasps kill the little ones in this way.

Do not forget that the wasp does not grow after it gets its wings and leaves its cell. When it comes out it is full grown.

When it is a fat, round, wingless grub it is called a larva. When it has changed its shape, and has wings, it is called a pupa.

Some call the pupa a nymph. Are those very hard words?

27.2.93 The Bee Babies

Selected Words

and is

SKP-S

as it

TAZ

as much

SPHUFP

as much as

SPHUFPS

at one

TWUPB

at the

TE

begin to

STKPWOEUPB

can be

K-B

can you

KU

come out

KPHOUT

for the

TP-RT

I will

KWREUL

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

it up

TUP

more than

PH-RPB

much as

PHUFPS

of the

-FT

one time

WAOEUPL

out of

OUFT

she knows

SH*EPBS

so the

SOT

some of

SPHOF

some of the

SOFPLT

stand in

STPHAPBD

then the

THEPBT

there are

THR-R

there can

THR-BG

there is

THR-LGS

they can

THEBG

to be

TOB

to find

TOFPBD

up and

SKPUP

will go

HR*G

will not

HR-PBLT

with our

you ever

UFR

Text

A bee does not live more than three or four years. The work bees nose that some of the grubs must grow to be queens, others to be drones and others work bees. They makes for the baby queen bee a large, round cell.

In each hive there are five or six cells for these baby queens. Then the nurse bees feed the grubs. They give the baby queens all they can eat of very nice food.

The baby work bees get only plain bee-bread. The work babies are in small cells. The grub of the new queen bee grows large, and eats as much as it wants.

The grub of the work bee gets little food, and is then shut in its tight cell, to turn into a bee. After a time the grubs shut in the big cells turn into queen bees. They begin to sing a song.

The queen bee hears it. She knows that more queen bees will come out. That makes her angry.

She runs at the cells, to try to kill the new Queens. The work bees all stand in her way. They will not let her kill the new queens.

But there can be only one queen in a hive at one time. So the old queen says, "Come! I will go away! I will not live here anymore!"

Many of the old bees say, "We will go with our queen." Then they fly out of the hive in a cloud. They wish to find a new home.

Did you ever see bees swarm? They may fly far away, or they may light nearby.

They hang on a vine, or branch, or stick, like a bunch of grapes. Can you put them into a new hive? Yes.

Drop them softly into a new hive where there is a piece of honeycomb. In a few hours they are calm. Then they go to work.

The work bees begin to make cells. They spread wax. They build walls.

If a young bee lays a bit of wax wrong, some old one takes it up and lays it right.

27.2.94 Untitled

Selected Words

flaxen

TPHRA*BGS *EPB

in the

TPH-T

may be

PHA*EUB

she was

SHEFS

to the

TOT

when she

SWHE

Text

Bess has a wax doll with flaxen hair. Her name is Floss.

She has six dolls, and takes good care of them; but one day when she had them with her in the grove, the old cow stepped on Floss.

You may be sure Bess felt sad over her poor broken doll.

Next time she took her children to the grove, she was careful to keep them all in her arms.

27.2.95 Untitled

Selected Words

and a

SKPA

could not

KOPBLT

felt that

TPHAELT

glad to

TKPWHRAOD

had a

HA

have had

SR-D

I have

SREU

it a

TA*EU

it could

T-BGD

so I

SO*EU

to have

TOF

Vera

SRER RA

we felt

WEFLT

Text

I have had a long walk today. Sam Davis found a child that had lost its way. It could not tell where it lived; so Sam brought it to his father's house and gave it a cup of milk and a biscuit.

Then we felt that we must try to get the child home; so I went with Sam to look for its mother.

It was Mr. Smith's little girl, named Vera. Mrs. Smith was very is glad to have Vera back safe and sound. She gave each of us a bunch of roses.

27.2.96 Untitled

Selected Words

and the

SKP-T

at the

TE

began to

STKPWAOPB

had a

HA

in a

TPHA*EU

it was

T-FS

put it

TPUT

Text

Tom found a big flat seed. He put it about an inch under the ground. In a week the seed began to sprout, and soon Tom had a small plant. The rain fell and the sun shone, and at last it was a big plant. At the top came a round flat bud. And now Tom has a big sunflower.

27.2.97 Untitled

Selected Words

and he

SKPE

as well

SW*EL

as well as

SW*ELS

as well as

SW-LS

Chan

KHAPB

has to

THAOS

he has

HEZ

is not

S-PBLT

is the

S-T

on the

OPBT

that is

THAS

Text

That chap can chop well. The chips fly as he chops. A chip hit me on the chin.

That lad is my chum. His name is Chan. We chat as we go to school together.

Chan is such a kind lad. He has much to do, for his mother is not rich, and he has to work as well as go to school. Chan says it is not money that is the best riches, but wisdom and love. His mother told him that.

27.2.98 Untitled

Selected Words

did not

TKEUPBLT

did you

TKU

glad to

TKPWHRAOD

I am

KWRAEUPL

I did

TK*EUD

is a

SA*EU

is that

STHA

picture of

TP*EUFP

to me

TPHE

what is

SWHA*

Text

I am glad to see you, Nellie. What is that in your hand?

It is a new book. See! Here is a picture of Mary and Fido.

Where did you buy the book?

O, I did not buy it. Mamma gave it to me.

27.2.99 We Have Fun

Selected Words

and I

SKPEU

and to

TAOPBD

do you

TKOU

down the

TKOUPBT

fun to

TPOUPB

I have

SREU

in the

TPH-T

is done

STKOPB

it is

T-S

on the

OPBT

summer

SAOURPL

we have

SWRAOE

winter

WEUPB TER

Text

Jack and I have much fun on our farm. After our work is done, we have time to play. In summer it is fun to ride on the back of old Molly. It is fun to hunt eggs in the big red barn and to play in the brook.

In winter we play in the snow. Each of us has a sled. We like to slide down the hill near our house.

What winter fun do you like best?

27.2.100 The Sun

Selected Words

and the

SKP-T

could not

KOPBLT

in the

TPH-T

it would

T-LD

it would be

T-BLD

no one

TPHOEUPB

there were

THR-RP

to the

TOT

we could

WEBGD

would be

WOB

Text

The great round sun which we see rise in the east every morning is what gives light and heat. If there were no one we could not live. No grass would grow, nor anything else. Every thing would freeze; and then it would be so dark that, if we could live, we could not see at all.

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. Point to the east and the west.

27.2.101 Untitled

Selected Words

a lot

HROELT

a lot of

HROEFLT

and a

SKPA

from the

TPR-T

full of

TPUFL

had a

HA

haw

HAU

is a

SA*EU

is like

SHRAOEUBG

lot of

HROFT

she is

SHES

with the

W-T

Text

Here is a saw; now we boys can saw sticks in two with it.

Saul went with the wagon to hall some wood. He found a nest full of duck's eggs and a haw tree. He gave three eggs and a lot of haws to Maude.

Maude had a boil on her jaw. It gave her much pain; but she is free from the pain now. Saul was sorry for Maude.

A haw is like a very little red apple.

27.2.102 Untitled

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

and he

SKPE

he has

HEZ

of the

-FT

sort of

SOFRT

with the

W-T

Text

Dora sent Carl a little horn for a present, and he has great sport with it.

Sometimes he makes a fort of the parlor. He has a stick for a horse, and calls his men with the horn. They form in line, and Carl has some sort of drill with them.

Then they march forth as Nora drums on a tin pan. Rub-a-dub, dub! Rub-a-dub, dub!

27.2.103 Untitled

Selected Words

a lot

HROELT

a lot of

HROEFLT

do not

TKPHOT

in a

TPHA*EU

lot of

HROFT

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

that is

THAS

this is

TH-S

to the

TOT

top of

TOFP

top of the

TOFPT

will go

HR*G

Text

May we stay at home today and play?

Yes, we may, for this is Saturday.

Then let us get a lot of clay and make mud pies and bake them in a fire.

No, let us get dog Tray, and away we will go to help the men rake hay.

Yes, we will; that is real fun, and we can ride home on top of the wagon.

May Tray ride on the wagon too?

I do not know, but he will ask to ride, just see his eyes shine as he hears me say he may go with us to the hay-field.

27.2.104 Mr. and Mrs. Crab

Selected Words

and a

SKPA

go into

TKPWHAO

if you

TPU

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

is the

S-T

is this

STH

Mr. and Mrs.

PHRARPLS

of a

AEUF

on the

OPBT

out and

SKPOUT

picture of

TP*EUFP

she is

SHES

this is

TH-S

when it

TWHEPB

why the

KWR-T

with the

W-T

you could

UBGD

Text

This is a picture of Mr. and Mrs. Crab.

Do you see the round hole?

It is the door of their house.

Mr. Crab lives in the sand by the seaside.

He has a smooth, flat shell on his back.

The crab has eight legs and two hands.

One hand is large; the other hand is small.

He fights with the big hand, and takes his food with the little hand, or with both hands.

Mr. Crab digs out his house in the sand. He makes a place for a hall, a bedroom, and a pantry.

Mrs. Crab does not dig.

Both her hands are small and weak.

She gets food to put into the pantry.

She never fights.

If she is in any trouble she runs home, or to a hole in a rock.

See what queer eyes?

They are set on pegs; some call them stalks.

The crab can push the eye-pegs out and pull them in.

Would you not look odd if you could make your eyes stand out six inches?

When crabs go into their houses, they draw down their eyes and tuck in their feet.

Crabs are of many colors.

They are red, brown, green, yellow, and blue.

The clause are often of a very bright color.

The color on the shell is less bright; it is in small dots.

The color on some kinds of crabs is in lines.

No crab is clear, bright red when it is alive.

When it is boiled it takes a fine, red hue.

Why is this?

We cannot tell why the heat makes it change color.

27.2.105 Untitled

Selected Words

did not

TKEUPBLT

Dora

TKOR KWRA

how the

HOUT

in the

TPH-T

it up

TUP

it was

T-FS

of the

-FT

out of

OUFT

put it

TPUT

she was

SHEFS

up to

TOUP

Text

It was a cold day.

Dora's mamma built a fire in the grate.

She said, "Dora, you must not go near the fire."

Dora liked to see the fire burn.

She stood and watched it.

She did not know how the fire could make the black coal grow so bright and red.

While she was looking, a coal dropped out of the grate. It was not so bright and red as some.

Dora ran and picked it up to put it back again.

Oh how loud she cried out! Why did she cry?

27.2.106 Untitled

Selected Words

and I

SKPEU

are you

RU

for the

TP-RT

had a

HA

I think

KWREUBG

I was

EUFS

is no

STPHO

it was

T-FS

out to

TPOUT

parrot

PAORT

she could

SHEBGD

she would

SHELD

that he

THAE

there is

THR-LGS

what a

WHA*

who was

WHOFS

worth it

would not

WOPBLT

Text

A poor man had a parrot.

He had taught the parrot to say, "There is no doubt about it."

Poll would say this all day long. It was all she could say.

One day the man went out to sell Poll.

"Who will buy my parrot?" said he, "Who will give ten dollars for my parrot?"

"Ten dollars!" said a man, who was going by. "Are you worth it, Poll?"

"There is no doubt about it," said the bird.

The man was so pleased to hear this, that he gave then dollars for the parrot.

But when he took Poll home, she would not say a word.

"What a goose I was to pay ten dollars for you!" said the man. "What a big goose I was!"

"There is no doubt about it," said Poll; and I think Poll was right.

27.2.107 Untitled

Selected Words

by it

TPWEU

in the

TPH-T

it can

T-BG

Text

A balloon! A balloon! It goes up, up, up; it can go very high, up in the sky. By and by it will come back.

27.2.108 Some Other Crabs

Selected Words

are not

R-PBLT

are the

R-T

as hard as

SHA*RDZ

as quickly as

SKWEULGS

but it

TPWUT

do not

TKPHOT

every time

EFRPL

front of

TPROFPBT

goes into

TKPWHAOS

I will

KWREUL

if the

TP-T

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

is not

S-PBLT

is the

S-T

is to

STO

it has

T-Z

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

than the

THAPBT

that he

THAE

things that

THAEUPBGS

what he

WHAE

which is

WEUS

why are

KWR-R

will not

HR-PBLT

with the

W-T

Text

All crabs are not alike.

They are many kinds.

They differ in shape, color, and habits.

Some are not at all pretty.

Some are very pretty.

All are very queer.

The Spider Crab has long, thin legs.

The front of his shell, which is over his head, is not wide, but is a sharp point.

This is to help him dig his way into sand and mud.

Some crabs do not make a house in the sand; they live in holes in the rocks.

The Horseshoe Crab is of a chestnut color.

Some call him the King Crab.

Look at his picture.

His shell is of the shape of the hoof of a horse, but it has a long tail, with sharp points on the edges.

The tail is as hard as wood, and has edges likes a file.

The Horseshoe Crab lives in sand and in mud.

He chooses the muddy banks where rivers or streams run into the sea.

He pushes the way in the mud, with his big, round shell, and scrapes the mud out with his many feet.

He eats the worms he finds in the sand and mud.

Why are the worms down there?

Like Mr. Crab, they build a house in the mud.

Some time I will tell you about these worms.

Now and then, as Mr. Crab goes along under the ground, he finds in his way a long, soft thing that looks good to eat.

It is the long pipe or tube with which a clam takes his food.

The King Crab puts out his claw to get it.

The King Crab can move his hand claw as quickly as your cat can jump or strike out her paw.

But the clam is far more quick than the King Crab and shuts his shell down on the King Crab's claw.

Now is he held fast, like a rat in a trap!

He waits to see if the clam will let go.

No, he will not.

Then the crab drops off his claw, and goes away to hide and grow a new one.

Do you see, in the picture, a crab in a shell made like a curl?

That crab steals his house.

He finds an empty shell, and goes into it to live.

It is odd to see him run, with the shell he stole on his back.

How does he live?

By fishing.

All crabs hunt and fish.

I have told you how they hunt on the sand for bugs and flies.

Did I not tell you how they hunt for grubs and worms under ground?

How do they fish?

Mr. Crab gets into a good place to fish.

He pops out his eyes to see all about him.

Then when things that he likes to eat float by, he strikes out with his big hand.

He catches what he want nearly every time.

Crabs are very greedy.

27.2.109 More About Sea Babies

Selected Words

all the

AULT

and the

SKP-T

and will

SKP-L

as the

SAZ

be the

BT

come out

KPHOUT

full of

TPUFL

great many

TKPWRAEPL

have a

SRA

have the

SR-T

he wants

HEPTS

how do

TKHOU

in each

TPHAOEFP

in the

TPH-T

into the

TPHAOT

is by

SPWEU

is that

STHA

it was

T-FS

it were

T-RP

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

off the

OFT

on the

OPBT

out of

OUFT

over it

TOEFR

part of the

PAFRT

them to

THOEUPL

there are

THR-R

they can

THEBG

they felt

THEFLT

they were

THERP

this was

TH-FS

to be

TOB

up and

SKPUP

very many

SR-RPL

went into

TPWHAOEPBT

when the

WHEPBT

where the

W-RT

which the

KH-T

will be

HR-B

you can

UBG

Text

Now in these strings you have the whole story. First, the tiny string Mrs. Conch left on the sand grew to be a big string with large cases like these. The small specks in it were to become shells, and the jelly was to be the food of the baby conference while in the case. There are very many in each case.

They grew and grew. They ate up all the jelly. They were true shellfish, only very small. Then it was time for them to go out.

They saw the thin skin over the small, round hole. They felt sure that this was their door. They ate off the thin skin, and went into the sea.

The conch lays its egg-strings from March to May.

It lays a great many. In the egg-case the baby shells rock up and down, not on a tree, but on the sea.

This dry string, still full of shells, is one in which the shells are all dead. It was cast on shore when the little fish were too young to come out. That made them all die.

These little things have a hard time to grow up. But if they can life until they are of a good size, they will have a thick shell. Then they will be out of harm's way, and will live a long time.

But how do these shellfish grow? Do they pull off their shells when they are too tight, as crabs do?

No. All these shellfish wear a E. coli, or veil. It is by their cloak they grow. Why, how is that? This cloak, or veil, is fine and thin. It is part of the body of the fish, and folds all over it.

This fine cloak takes lime out of seawater, and with it build more shell. As the animal needs more room, it spreads out this veil over the edge of the shell, and builds with it new shell. You can see the little rims where the cloak built each new piece. The color and the waved lines on the shell are made by this veil.

So the shellfish need not change his house. He just builds on more room as he wants it.

27.2.110 We Live on a Farm

Selected Words

and I

SKPEU

help

HEP

I am

KWRAEUPL

Mary

MA*ER

on the

OPBT

seven

SEFPB

years old

KWRAERLDZ

Text

I am Mary. Jack is my brother. We live on a farm. Jack is nine years old, and I am seven.

We like to help on the farm. Father lets us help him with his work.

27.2.111 Mrs. Wasp at Home

Selected Words

and a

SKPA

as a

SA*Z

as the

SAZ

do not

TKPHOT

in a

TPHA*EU

in an

in each

TPHAOEFP

in the

TPH-T

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

more than

PH-RPB

there are

THR-R

to the

TOT

with the

W-T

you ever

UFR

Text

There are many kinds of wasps. There are mud wasps, which make mud houses.

Lonely wasps build alone in the ground, and dig holes in the sand. They throw the sand back between their hind legs.

Did you ever see your dog dig a hole? The wasp digs in the same way as the dog.

Sand wasps make tiny earth houses on walls and fences. Tree wasps hang great paper houses upon the branches or twigs of trees.

Rust-red wasps do not build houses for their cells. They make fine paper cells, and hang them with the open part down, in some safe place.

They varnish the cells to keep them dry. In a cold land, the wasps build in barns, attics, hollow trees, or in the ground.

In warm lands, they hang a bunch of cells out in the open air, on trees or vines. One day I found a wasp's nest in an old tin can.

There had been paint in the can. The wasp had made a stem of paint.

She used her feet to twist it into a stiff rope. Upon that, for a stem, she built a nest like a white flower.

She put a cell upon the stem, and six cells around that one. In each cell was a wee, white egg.

The eggs grew to fat grubs. They had black heads. Then Mrs. Wasp fed them. She went from one cell to the other, and fed her grubs, just as a bird feeds its young.

Mrs. Wasp also makes a pap of bugs and fruit, and gives it to her young.

Wasps are very neat. They keep their nests clean. They use cells more than once.

But they make new nests each year. One kind of wasp is called the White Face.

Every wasp has a clean, shining coat, and a fierce look.

Wasps do not bite or chew food; they suck out the juices of fruit and insects.

27.2.112 The Bee at Home

Selected Words

all the

AULT

and a

SKPA

and the

SKP-T

are the

R-T

as the

SAZ

at a

T*A

at the

TE

did you

TKU

for the

TP-RT

from the

TPR-T

goes into

TKPWHAOS

in all

TPHAUL

in the

TPH-T

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

is to

STO

much as

PHUFPS

of the

-FT

some of

SPHOF

some of the

SOFPLT

that are

THAR

that the

THAT

them to

THOEUPL

there are

THR-R

they do

TKHOE

this be

TH-B

to be

TOB

very much

SR-FP

when the

WHEPBT

with the

W-T

you ever

UFR

Text

Let us looks at a work bee. There are two kinds of work bees. Nurse bees take care of the baby bees.

The wax bees build the house. Let us look well at the wax bee. See its body.

Here are the rings, and here are the scales of wax on each ring. The wax is made in the bee from the honey or sweet food that the bee eats.

In the bee's body are two bags.

Into one bag it puts the honey that it gets from flowers. It takes this home and puts it into the cells. What goes into the other bag feeds the bee and makes wax.

Look at this bee's legs. On each leg is a basket, a brush, and a tool with which to pinch and press the wax into the cells.

When the bee goes into a flower, it gets covered with dust. The brush on its legs takes off this dust from the bee's coat and puts it into the basket. That dust is to feed the young bees.

With the tool it strips the scale of wax from the rings on its body. Then it takes the wax in its mouth and lays it to build the wall of the cells. Did you ever see a man lay brick on a wall?

The bee builds her walls very much as the man builds his.

When the work bees make cells, they first lay down a thick sheet of wax. Then they build upon this little wax boxes, each with six sides, set close to each other. When the boxes are as deep as they wish them to be, the bees fill them.

Let us see what they do with the cells. Some of the cells are for the dust, or food, called bee-bread. Some cells are for the baby bees to lie in.

Some cells are for honey. The queen puts eggs in all the cells that are for bees. The nurse bees put in flowers dust for the baby bees to eat.

The wax bees build the cells and get honey. The wax bees have pockets for wax. The nurse bees have only small pockets.

The queen bee and the drones have no pockets.

27.2.113 Untitled

Selected Words

do not

TKPHOT

go into

TKPWHAO

he can

K*E

in the

TPH-T

into the

TPHAOT

is not

S-PBLT

of the

-FT

they do

TKHOE

this is

TH-S

Text

This is Ned's boat. He can make it sail.

What does he call his boat?

He calls it the Sea-bird.

His little sisters like to play in the sand. They do not like to go into the water.

Ned is not afraid of the water.

He can swim like a duck.

27.2.114 After School

Selected Words

at the

TE

do you

TKOU

do you see

TOUZ

glad to

TKPWHRAOD

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

part of the

PAFRT

there is

THR-LGS

to have

TOF

what part

WHAPT

Text

School time is over. Boys and girls have gone home from school. Play time is here for children.

Look at the shadows on the street. Now there is more shadow than sunshine.

The children run and play and swing and jump. They are glad to have their coats and caps on. The day is growing much cooler.

Look at the sun. In what part of the sky do you see the sun now?

27.2.115 The Story of a War

Selected Words

and the

SKP-T

are you

RU

as the

SAZ

do is

STKO

do not

TKPHOT

do you

TKOU

for the

TP-RT

full of

TPUFL

goes to

TKPWOS

he can

K*E

in an

is a

SA*EU

is no

STPHO

is not

S-PBLT

is to

STO

it was

T-FS

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

learn about

PWHRERPB

made of

PHAEFD

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

one is

SW*UPB

out of

OUFT

so many

SOEPL

that has

THAZ

that he

THAE

that the

THAT

the two

TWOT

there is

THR-LGS

they do

TKHOE

this is

TH-S

to be

TOB

to have

TOF

to the

TOT

top of

TOFP

top of the

TOFPT

very many

SR-RPL

what can

WHA*BG

when the

WHEPBT

which is

WEUS

who can

WHOBG

will find

HR-FPBD

you are

R*U

you know

KWRAOUPB

you think

UPBG

you will

HR*U

Text

When the drill gets on the back of an oyster, what can the oyster do? Nothing. The poor oyster cannot help himself. Does he hear hour after hour the file of the drill on his shell? Yes.

He knows the drill will get in and kill him, but all that he he can do is to keep still and wait.

The oyster is not the only kind of shellfish that the drill eats. When the drill goes after the poor shellfish that have no heads, he eats them at his ease.

They cannot help themselves. They do not know how to get away from Mr. Drill. The shellfish that have no heads live in shells made of two parts, like the covers of a book. The two parts are held to each other by a hinge.

It is a bad thing, it seems, to have no head. Without a head who can take care of himself?

But let us see Mr. Drill try a fight with a shellfish that has a head. Now he meets his match!

He goes to the top of the shell. He makes fast, and begins -- file, file, file. The fish inside hears him. "O, are you there, Mr. Drill?"

What do you think the shellfish does? He draws his body out of the way, and builds up a nice little wall! So, when Mr. Drill gets his hole made, and puts in his tongue --is no fish, only a hard wall! Then Mr. Drill also moves along.

He picks out a good place. Once more he goes to work -- file, file, file. "O, here you are, Mr. Drill!" And the shellfish with a head once more pulse his body out of the way, and makes a new wall.

Then Mr. Drill has the same luck as before. Sometimes he gets tired of the war and goes off. Now and then, as he too has a head, he finds a spot where there is no room for the wall. There he makes his hole and sucks out the animal.

You will find very many of the shells on the sea beach with these pinholes in them. The holes were made by Mr. Drill on his hunt for food.

But you will now and then find shells, as the thick clamshell, full of holes, like a Nell work. This is not done by Mr. Drill.

Shells and bones are made of two kinds of stuff. One is lime, which is hard like stone. The other is not so hard... It is more like dry glue.

These shells with so many holes are old shells, long dead, and the glue part has gone out of them.

How did it get out? It was bored out by a kind of sponge. Only the lime part is left, like a fine net.

When bones or shells have only the lime part left, they will break and crack like glass. If they have too little lime, they will bend.

For all Mr. Drill has a head, he is not so wise as at first he seemed to be.

He will sit down and make a hole in an old dead shell where no fish lives. Now and then he makes a hole in an old shell, long ago turned to stone. He will spend two days on such a shell as this!

Did you know that bones and shells and plants sometimes turn to stone?

You will some day learn about that strange fact.

27.2.116 Untitled

Selected Words

and he

SKPE

and he cannot

find it

TPHAOEUPBD

it was

T-FS

New Year

TPHU KWRAO*ER

New Year's

TPHAO*URS

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

that the

THAT

there was

THR-FS

went to

TWOEPBT

Text

Last New Year's morn I heard a horn.

Did you? Yes, not only one, but I heard two or three horns. It was a stormy day. There was frost on the trees and on the window panes.

The first day of January is short; it is then that the new year comes in.

Ned lost John's ball, and he cannot find it. He lost it on the north side of the barn. We went to look for it, and some mud flew on my coat sleeve.

27.2.117 Untitled

Selected Words

in a

TPHA*EU

Text

The bees live in a hive.

Clover has a sweet smell.

Dave has a brown velvet vest.

27.2.118 Untitled

Selected Words
Text

The boy has a large kite. The boys have large kites. The boy's kite is large.

27.2.119 Brownie

Selected Words

and I

SKPEU

baby

PWAEB

Brownie

PWRO*UPB AO*E

every

EFR

in the

TPH-T

pasture

PAS TAOUR

she has

SHEZ

she is

SHES

Text

Brownie is our pet cow. She is brown and white. She gives milk for us to drink.

Brownie eats grass in the pasture. At night she stays in the barn. She has a baby calf now. The calf has a white spot on its face.

Jack and I like to drink milk. Mother says, "Every boy and girl should drink a quart of milk a day."

27.2.120 The Bee and the Man

Selected Words

all the

AULT

and the

SKP-T

are not

R-PBLT

are you

RU

did the

TK-T

did you

TKU

do not

TKPHOT

do you

TKOU

do you see

TOUZ

had a

HA

he was

EFS

I will

KWREUL

if you

TPU

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

of a

AEUF

she was

SHEFS

some people

SPAOEPL

that were

THARP

that you

THAU

there are

THR-R

they did

TKHE

they would

THELD

things that

THAEUPBGS

to be

TOB

when she

SWHE

you ever

UFR

you would

ULD

Text

Did you ever see a hive of bees? Are you afraid of bees? You need not be afraid of them.

They do not often sting those who let them alone. There are some people whom bees never sting. Do you see how small the bees are?

Do they not move very quickly? Are not their cells very small? Now I will tell you a strange thing.

The man who knew the most about bees was a blind man! His name was Huber. He lost his sight when he was a boy.

He loved to study. Most of all, he loved to study bees.

From a boy, he had a friend. She was a kind girl. She, too, loved to study. When she grew up, she became Huber's wife.

Huber was not poor. He had a nice home of his own. He had a man to live with him and wait on him.

Huber, and his wife, and the man would go and sit by the beehive. They read to Huber all the books about bees that had then been made. Then they would watch the bees, to see if they did the things that were told in books.

When they saw the bees do other things, they old Huber. Then they caught bees, and studied the parts of their bodies. Ask your teacher what kind of a glass they used to see the bee with.

The wife and the man told Huber all that they saw. He thought it all over. They watched the bees, year after year.

Huber worked fifteen years. Then he made a great book on bees. He told his wife what to write.

He lived to be very old.

It is both from books, and by your own eyes and thought, that you may learn these things. You must watch if you would know. Give time and work to this study.

27.2.121 What Mrs. Wasp Can Do

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

are the

R-T

at the

TE

down the

TKOUPBT

honeycomb

HOPB KOEPL

how does

TKHOUS

I know

KWR-PB

in a

TPHA*EU

is a

SA*EU

it up

TUP

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

made of

PHAEFD

of a

AEUF

on the

OPBT

one of

WUFPB

she has

SHEZ

that he

THAE

that is

THAS

there is

THR-LGS

two times

TWAOEUPLS

very many

SR-RPL

will find

HR-FPBD

you will

HR*U

Text

How does Mrs. Wasp make paper? First she finds a piece of dry, old wood.

She cuts off bits of wood, like fine, soft threads. She wets these with a kind of glue from her mouth, and rolls them into a ball.

Then, she stands on her hind legs, and with her front feet puts the ball between her jaws. She then flies to her nest.

She uses her tongue, her jaws, and her feet, to spread the ball out thin. On her hind legs she has flat feet, to help her lay down the paper.

She lays one sheet of paper on the other, until it is thick enough to make a nest. Some wasps hang these paper nests in trees.

The nests are round, like balls, or are the shape of a top. At the bottom of each you will find two doors.

Some wasps make paste-board. The wasp that builds in a tree does not live alone.

She has in her home very many paper rooms. They are like cells in a honeycomb.

She can make wax. She puts a wax lid on the cells.

She can make varnish, to keep the cells dry.

One kind of wasp is a mason.

Her house is made of mud. She brings mud in little balls, and builds a house.

In the house, she puts a baby wasp. She puts in little spiders for him to eat.

A hornet is a kind of wasp. We may call him Mrs. Wasp's cousin.

Hornets catch and eat flies. There is a black wasp that is called a mud-dauber.

She builds a little mud house. I know a boy who broke one of these mud houses thirty-two times.

The wasp built it up each time. One of these mud-wasps built a house ten times on a man's desk. Each time that he broke it up, she built it again.

This kind of wasp does not leave her baby alone.

27.2.122 Untitled

Selected Words

is by

SPWEU

to the

TOT

Text

The little doll is in Ada's arms; the big doll is by her side. She talks to the big doll just as she does to her little baby sister. You may pinch the doll. It does not feel. Why does it not feel?

27.2.123 Run, Cars, Run!

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

all the

AULT

and a

SKPA

away

WA*EU

can you

KU

going to

TKPW*GS

good for you

TKPWAOD TPOUR

he has

HEZ

to the

TOT

Text

Can you make toys? Bobby can. He has made a little toy house and a little blue car. He had to work to get them just right. Some nights his father worked with him, too.

One day Bobby came to school with his blue car. All the boys had cars that day. Every boy was going to run his car away down to the big tree and back.

Away wept the boys with their cars. Bobby ran his blue car. The boys ran their cars to the big tree, and then they came back. But Bobby's blue car got back first!

"Good for you, little blue car!" said Bobby. "You got back first!"

27.2.124 Untitled

Selected Words

and he

SKPE

easy to

TOEZ

going to

TKPW*GS

is going

STKPW-G

them to

THOEUPL

Text

Ben Sneath has two pups, and he is busy training them.

He say they are so wise, it is easy to teach them. He makes them sit up, and "speak" each time he feeds them.

Here they are now waiting for their bit of meat.

Next year Ben is going to teach them to pull him in his little cart. They will make a fine team.

27.2.125 How Shellfish Feed

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

and a

SKPA

and find

SKP-FPBD

and he

SKPE

and he can

SKPEBG

and you

SKPU

as a

SA*Z

as big as

SPWEUGS

as small as

SPHAULS

as the

SAZ

at the

TE

back to

TPWAOBG

do is

STKO

do the

TKO*T

from the

TPR-T

full of

TPUFL

have a

SRA

have to

STRO

have to

STRO

he can

K*E

he has

HEZ

he wants

HEPTS

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

in this

STHEUPBS

is it

ST

is like

SHRAOEUBG

is to

STO

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

of the

-FT

of this

TH-F

on the

OPBT

out and

SKPOUT

some of

SPHOF

that he

THAE

that is

THAS

them to

THOEUPL

then the

THEPBT

there is

THR-LGS

when the

WHEPBT

you will

HR*U

Text

Do the shellfish all feed on other shellfish? Oh, no. Some of them live on seaweed. Some of them live by fishing. They catch, from the water, small bits of food, as as small as grains of sand.

The shellfish that live on seaweed have a long, slim, tongue. It is somewhat like that of the drill. The tongue is like a tiny strap.

The teeth are set on it, three or more in a row, like the points of pins. As the teeth wear out from work on the tough weed, more grow.

These shellfish walk along on their one big foot. First one side of the food spreads out, and then the other.

That pulse them along. Is it not very slow work? But what of that? All they have to do is to move about and find food.

They can take all day for it. They have no house to build and no clothes to make.

They creep along to a good bed of seaweed. Then they put out the fine, file-like tongue.

It cuts off flakes of seaweed for them to eat. They are never tired of that one kind of food.

Even that queer limpet, who sits on a rock and has a shell like a cap, has a head, and a foot, and a tongue that is like a rasp. And he can walk along the floor of the sea.

He can climb up the rocks. The limpet has his own rock and his own hole in the rock. He goes back to his rock when he has had all that he wants to eat.

The world of the sea is as full of life as the world of the land. There is one nice little shellfish, about as big as a pea. He lives in the seaweed that grows on rocks. He is brown, or green, or black, or red, or dark yellow.

He can live in the damp weed in the hours when the tide is out, and has left the rocks dry. He eats seaweed. Let us look at him. He has two little feelers.

He has two wee, black eyes. He has a little snout, like a tiny pig. At the end of this snout is his little mouth. His small, dark foot has a dent in it.

He puts out his wee, file-like tongue, and laps it out and in, as a dog does when he drinks water. The sharp teeth cut off little scales of weed for him to eat. Take ten or more of these little shells in your hand. Each tiny animal draws in his we foot.

As the little animals hide in this way, put down your ear, and you will hear a faint squeak. It is made by the air in the shells.

27.2.126 Untitled

Selected Words

do not

TKPHOT

goes to

TKPWOS

is a

SA*EU

is about

SPW

them to

THOEUPL

Text

Ben is a farmer's son, and looks after the cows. He takes them to pasture, and helps to milk.

He likes them all; but his pet cow is Brown Bess. He always pats her head when he goes to milk her.

How still she stands. Now and then she will switch her tail to chase away the flies.

"Go away, flies! Do not bother Ben's good Bess!"

Now the pail is about full, and Bess may go and get her supper.

27.2.127 Untitled

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

do you

TKOU

going to

TKPW*GS

how do

TKHOU

no one

TPHOEUPB

that a

THA*

to the

TOT

you are

R*U

you do

TKO*U

Text

Hark! I hear a bird.

Is not that a sweet song?

Sing on, little bird, no one shall hurt you. I like to hear your song.

I am glad you are so happy, little bird.

Once I saw a little bird

Come hop, hop, hop;

So I cried, Dear little bird,

Please stop, stop, stop!

I was going to the window

To say, How do you do?

When up went his little wings,

And far away he flew.

27.2.128 The Yellow Cat

Selected Words

--

TK-RB

for the

TP-RT

he said

HEBS

I will

KWREUL

to the

TOT

went to

TWOEPBT

yellow

KWR*EL

Text

A yellow cat ran up a tree. Up, up it went. The tree was so big for the little yellow cat.

Then the cat looked down -- down, down, down. Could it get down now?

Jack saw his little yellow cat. He went to the big tree.

"I will get you down," he said.

Jack had to go up the tree to bring the little yellow cat down.

27.2.129 Untitled

Selected Words

are not

R-PBLT

Charley

KHAERL

going to

TKPW*GS

has to

THAOS

in the

TPH-T

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

is going

STKPW-G

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

one of

WUFPB

out of

OUFT

picture of

TP*EUFP

that would

THALD

they cannot

THEBG TPHOT

to the

TOT

top of

TOFP

top of the

TOFPT

up to

TOUP

what a

WHA*

Text

Here is a picture of a whale, Charley.

Oh, what a large fish, papa!

Whales look like fish, but they are not fish.

Why, papa? They swim in the water like a fish.

Yes; but they cannot breathe under water; a fish can.

A whale has to come to the top of the water to breathe.

What do men catch whales for? Are they good to eat?

No; they get oil from them.

Where do they go to get whales?

They go far off in ships.

Tell me how they catch them.

When a whale comes up to breathe he throws a stream of water in the air.

"There's a whale!" shout the sailors, and takes to their boats.

When they get near the whale, one of them throws a long spear, or harpoon, at him.

if the harpoon sticks in him, they must keep out of his way. He may hit the boat with his tail. That would throw them all into the water.

Look at that man in the boat. He is going to hit the whale with a harpoon.

27.2.130 Last Winter

Selected Words

all the

AULT

and more

SKPHOR

and over

SKPOFR

as the

SAZ

at once

TWUPBS

down the

TKOUPBT

he said

HEBS

now the

TPHOUT

on the

OPBT

to the

TOT

Text

One cold morning last winter, John went out with his big sled. It had been snowing all the night before, but now the snow was over. Ice on the snow made the hill right for a sled.

As John ran over to the hill, he saw other boys coming with their sleds. More and more boys, and more and more sleds!

Time after time the boys went flying down the hill. Then three boys got on John's big sled with him.

Away they went down the hill.

All at once John saw a dog coming up the hill. He didn't think the sled would miss him.

"Jump!" he said. As the boys jumped, over went the sled and over fell the boys. When they got up, they looked like snow men!

27.2.131 More About Bees

Selected Words

and a

SKPA

and so

SAOPBD

and the

SKP-T

at the

TE

could not

KOPBLT

do not

TKPHOT

for the

TP-RT

have a

SRA

if you

TPU

if you have

TPUF

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

learn to

THROERPB

made of

PHAEFD

may find

PHAEUFPBD

more than

PH-RPB

much for

TPHOUFRP

of it

T-F

so the

SOT

some people

SPAOEPL

they can

THEBG

they cannot

THEBG TPHOT

they do

TKHOE

to the

TOT

too much

TAOFP

top of

TOFP

we could

WEBGD

who had

WHOD

who think

WHOPBG

why not

KWR-PBLT

will not

HR-PBLT

would you

WOU

you can

UBG

you should

URBD

Text

Would you like to own bees? Once I knew a boy who had some bees. He kept them in a room, at the top of his house. He left the window open, and the bees came and went as they chose.

A swarm of bees coasts about five dollars. Each year it may gain for you five dollars, or more, by honey, and a new swarm.

If you live in the city, you cannot so easily keep bees. Why not?

They could not find the right food.

They need to fly in the field or in a garden so that they can get the honey and the yellow dust of flowers. They need to fly where they can get the thick gum from trees to line their cells.

If you have a hive of bees, you should learn to watch them well. Like Huber, you may find out some new things. We do not yet know all about bees. We could learn more than is now known about drones.

If you stand by a hive, the bees will not hurt you if you keep still, and do not get in their way to the door as they go in and out.

Bees lay up for winter more honey than they need. So the

bee-keepers take out much of it to eat or to sell.

They must leave some for the bees. If too much comb is taken out, the bees must be fed. You can give them sugar or some sweet stuff. Bees like flour made of peas.

They cannot feed young bees if they do not have sweet dust or flour. They cannot make wax if they have no sweet food. They cannot line their cells, nor seal them well, if they have no strong gum from trees.

I know some people who think bees like to hear a song, and so sit near the hives and sing to them. But bees, really, love color, and sweet smell, and nice tastes, and do not care much for any noise.

27.2.132 Mrs. Wasp and Her Home

Selected Words

and a

SKPA

caterpillar

KAT PHRAR

from the

TPR-T

is a

SA*EU

is it

ST

is too

STAO

it a

TA*EU

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

out of

OUFT

she can

SHEBG

she has

SHEZ

she is

SHES

that she

STHAE

too far

TAOFR

when she

SWHE

will be

HR-B

Text

Here is a round hole on the hillside path. Is it a crab's hole?

No, it is too far from the sea for a crab. Mrs. Wasp made it for her baby to live in.

Her name is Vespa. In her house she has a hall, a room, and a bed.

In the bed her baby lies asleep. It is now a soft white egg.

When the baby wasp comes out of the egg, he will be all alone. When Mrs. Wasp has laid the egg safe in bed, she goes away.

She shuts her door with a lump of mud. She leaves her baby some food to eat.

The food is a pile of little caterpillars. When she leaves her baby, she never comes back.

When he gets big, he digs his way out, and off he flies. If he meets his mother he does not know her.

Mrs. Wasp makes her bed of fine sawdust. She cuts the wood up soft and fine.

She has two small, sharp saws with which to cut the wood. She can make paper.

She saws the wood into a fine dust. Then she mixes it with glue from her mouth.

When she takes it home, she spreads it out thin with her feet. It dries into fine, gray paper.

With it she papers her house, to keep her baby warm and dry.

Mrs. Wasp is cross, but she is wise. She has a long sting. She kills, or puts into a deep sleep, the caterpillars, that she takes home.

She is never idle.

27.2.133 Towser’s Red Ball

Selected Words

back and

SKPWABG

bring it

TPWREU

he would

ELD

I can

AOEUBG

I can't

AOEUBGT

I know

KWR-PB

it was

T-FS

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

to me

TPHE

towser

TOES *ER

up to

TOUP

with you

WU

you would

ULD

Text

The black dog ran to his little house. He got his old red ball and ran back with it to Billy. Then Towser put the ball dawn.

"Here, Towser!" said Billy. "Run and get your ball! Bring it to me!"

Now it was up to Billy to play with Towser. Away the black dog would run for that old red ball! Then he would bring it back and look at Billy.

"I know you would like me to play with you all day," said Billy to Towser. "But I can't. It is time to go to school."

27.2.134 The Spider and His Food

Selected Words

all the

AULT

and all

SKPAUL

are not

R-PBLT

as a

SA*Z

clean it

TKHRAOEPB

do not

TKPHOT

do you

TKOU

from the

TPR-T

great deal

TKPWRAEL

have a

SRA

he knows

H*EPBS

if the

TP-T

if you

TPU

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

is like

SHRAOEUBG

is not

S-PBLT

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

on this

THOPB

out to

TPOUT

she can

SHEBG

some people

SPAOEPL

they do

TKHOE

they say

THEBZ

will go

HR*G

will not

HR-PBLT

you do

TKO*U

Text

Some people pay that they hate spiders. Why do they hate them? "Oh," they say, "they are so very greedy!" Well, a spider must eat a great deal, or he cannot spin his web.

His food makes the glue that makes the web. Spiders work hard. So they must eat much.

"But they bite." They will not bite you if you do not hurt them. If they do, the bite will do you no harm. They bite insects to kill them.

Do you not eat fish, meat, and birds? Who kills this food for you?

"But the spider is not pretty." True, his shape is not pretty, nor are his long hairy legs pretty. Just see his fine black or gold coat!

If he is not pretty, he is wise and busy. Webs are very pretty, if spiders are not.

Spiders eat flies and all kinds of small bugs. When a fly is fast in a web, he hums loud from fear.

The spiders will eat dead birds. One kind of spider kills small birds to eat.

There is a spider that lives on water. He knows how to build a raft.

He takes grass and bits of stick and ties them up with his silk. On this raft he sails out to catch flies and bugs that skim over the water.

There is a spider that lives in the water. She can dive. Her nest is like a ball. It shines like silver. Her web is so thick that it does not get wet. Her velvet coat keeps her as dry as a fur coat. Her eggs are of the color of gold.

When spiders eat, they do not chew their food; they suck out the juice.

Spiders are very neat. They hate dust and soot.

They will not have a dirty web. If you put a bit of dirt or leaf on the web, Mrs. Spider will go and clean it off.

She shakes her web with her foot until all the lines are clean. If the dirt will not shake from the web, the spider will cut the piece out, and mend the web with new lines.

27.2.135 Untitled

Selected Words

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

on the

OPBT

than the

THAPBT

Text

Three little mice are in the rice.

Do not lose your place on the page.

There is a bird's nest in the hedge by the fence.

The bird in the hedge is happier than the bird in the cage.

27.2.136 Ouch! My Tooth

Selected Words

dentist

TK*EUFT

do not

TKPHOT

every day

*EFRD

had a

HA

have to

STRO

I shall

EURBL

if I

TPEU

in the

TPH-T

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

shall have

SH-F

they should

THERBD

to the

TOT

Text

Jack had a bad toothache. Father said, "That same tooth hurt you last week. I must take you to the dentist in the city."

The dentist said, "Jack, I shall have to pull this tooth. If I do not, it may make you sick. Boys and girls should brush their teeth every day and see the dentist twice each year. They should eat the right kind of food to build strong teeth."

27.2.137 Untitled

Selected Words

as it

TAZ

in the

TPH-T

is not

S-PBLT

see it

STAOE

they can

THEBG

Text

The moon is in the sky. Cora and Fred see it. They can see the stars, too.

They cannot see the man in the moon, as it is not old; but they can see its two sharp horns. "Good-bye, little moon! We will see you again tomorrow."

27.2.138 Can You Tell?

Selected Words

came in

TKPHAEUPL

in a

TPHA*EU

of it

T-F

on the

OPBT

Text

When Bob came in from swim, he dropped his suit in a pile on the ground.

"Spread out your suit, Bob," said his mother. "It will dry better that way."

Bob wants the water to evaporate from his suit. He must place his suit so that air can reach all parts of it.

In which way will air reach all parts of Bob's suit so that it will dry fast?

27.2.139 Untitled

Selected Words

and I

SKPEU

at the

TE

come out

KPHOUT

Dix

TK*P *EU KP*

do not

TKPHOT

dumpling

TKUPL PHREUPBG

ginger

SKWREURPBG

Hicks

KPA HEUBG -S

I had

H*EU

if you

TPU

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

into the

TPHAOT

Simon

SAOEUPL O*PB

Text

If you bump your head or stump your toe, do not cry. When Simon Hicks feels in the dumps, he hops and jumps and whacks away at the stumps in the woodslot.

Job fell over a stump and went plump into the swamp. Then he had to jump lively to get out. When he got home his sister gave him an apple dumpling.

Ann Dix crimps her hair by an oil lamp. Hair does not curl well on a damp day; the crimps come out very soon.

I slept in a damp bed; that gave me a cold, and I had cramps infect day. Then I had to take some hot ginger tea.

27.2.140 At the Park

Selected Words

asked

SK-D

at the

TE

fun to

TPOUPB

had a

HA

it was

T-FS

monkey

PHOPB KEU

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

to the

TOT

went to

TWOEPBT

zoo

SAO*

Text

One day Bob and Betty took us to the park. We had a boat ride on the little pond. Bob asked me to sit at the back of the boat. Some water splashed over the side and got my face wet. After lunch we went to the zoo. We saw the monkeys. It was fun to watch them jump and play.

27.2.141 What Is The Moon Like?

Selected Words

about the

PW-T

and more

SKPHOR

as it

TAZ

back to

TPWAOBG

bright light

PWR-LT

could not

KOPBLT

do not

TKPHOT

do you

TKOU

do you know

TKAOUPBLG

from the

TPR-T

have to

STRO

have to

STRO

I should

EURBD

if I

TPEU

if you

TPU

in the

TPH-T

is like

SHRAOEUBG

is no

STPHO

made of

PHAEFD

many, many

PHAEPB PHAEPB

no one

TPHOEUPB

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

that is

THAS

that you

THAU

them to

THOEUPL

there are

THR-R

there is

THR-LGS

there would

THR-LD

they would

THELD

to find

TOFPBD

to the

TOT

wanted to

TWAOPBTD

what you

WHAU

when it

TWHEPB

would be

WOB

would find

WOUFPBD

would not

WOPBLT

you could

UBGD

you know

KWRAOUPB

you should

URBD

you wanted

UPBTD

you were

URP

you would

ULD

Text

Mary wondered and wondered about the moon. She watched it each night.

"If I should stand on a mountain, could I reach the moon?" she asked.

"No," said her father. "You would not be high enough to reach the moon."

"Can an airplane reach the moon?" Mary wanted to know.

"Oh, no," her father answered. "An airplane cannot fly to the moon. The moon is far, far out in the sky. No one can go to the moon."

Suppose that you and Mary could go to the moon. Do you know what you would finite out there in the sky?

You would not find just a big, bright light. The moon isn't like a giant streetlight.

You would find a place that is like our earth in some ways. There would be ground to walk upon. There are high mountains and big flat places. There are many, many rocks.

But you would not think you were on the earth. The moon is very different. You would not see grass or trees. You would see just rocks.

Wherever you looked, you would see rocks, rocks, and more rocks. Rocks would be all around you on the big, round moon!

You could not climb the mountains of the moon. The mountains of the moon are made of rock. The sides go straight up from the ground.

Suppose you tried to climb over some rocky places near the ground. Soon you would say, "Oh, my poor feet!"

The rocks on the moon are sharp and pointed. They would cut your feet.

Suppose you wanted a drink of water. If you should travel all over the moon, you could not get a drink of water. The moon does not have water.

You would find no wells or springs on the moon. There are no ponds or lakes or rivers.

"Oh, I'll get some water when it rains," you would say.

Then you would look for clouds in the sky. But no clouds would be floating above you. There are no clouds on the moon. Rain never falls there.

You could not get a drink of water anywhere on the moon.

"Then I'll take a drink of milk," you would say.

No, you could not take a drink of milk. Cows do not live on the moon. Grass does not grow on the moon. There is no water to make grass grow. There is no water for cows to drink. Nothing grows on the moon as it does on the earth.

You would just have to wait for your drink until you got back to earth.

There would be one good thing about this trip to the moon. Your hat would not blow off. The wind does not blow, out there on the moon.

You would not see leaves blowing about in the wind. There are no leaves on the moon. There are no trees. There is no wind.

You would not see birds or butterflies flying about in the air. There is no air for them to fly in.

"Oh, my!" you would say. "There is no air for birds here. There is no air for butterflies. There is no air for cows. There is no air for me."

That is right. There is no air to breathe on the moon.

So you would come back to the good old earth to find air to breathe. You would come back the same way you went -- just supposing!

27.2.142 Out of Harm’s Way

Selected Words

all the

AULT

and so

SAOPBD

and the

SKP-T

are the

R-T

as a

SA*Z

as many

SPHAEPB

as the

SAZ

at once

TWUPBS

did I

TKEU

do not

TKPHOT

easy to

TOEZ

eider

AOEUD *ER

he can

K*E

how fast

HOUFZ

how the

HOUT

I am

KWRAEUPL

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

in this

STHEUPBS

is done

STKOPB

is that

STHA

is there

STHR

it has

T-Z

now have

TPHOUF

of a

AEUF

of it

T-F

of the

-FT

of this

TH-F

on the

OPBT

on this

THOPB

out of

OUFT

so many

SOEPL

that he

THAE

that would

THALD

them to

THOEUPL

there are

THR-R

they can

THEBG

they cannot

THEBG TPHOT

things that

THAEUPBGS

this is

TH-S

turn the

TURPBT

very many

SR-RPL

very well

SR-RL

what is

SWHA*

you can

UBG

you know

KWRAOUPB

you think

UPBG

Text

By this time I am sure you think that all the small bugs, flies, spiders, and crabs must soon be dead.

You have found how cold kills them. You have heard how they kill each other. You know that men and birds and beasts kill them.

How can any live? What is there to save the poor things?

The two chief things that save them are their shape and their color.

Why, how is that?

Let us see how this is done.

On the sand by the sea the crab that lives mostly out in the air is of a gray color. It has fine red spots like sand. The shell of this crab looks so like sand that, if he lies flat and still, you can scarcely see him.

The crab that lives on the seaside mud is black-green like the mud. Birds cannot see him very well, he is so like the mud that he lies on.

Ed spiders that live in the woods are of much the color of a dead leaf.

Some of them, as they lie in their webs, fold up their legs and look like a dead leaf. One spider puts a row of dead leaves and moss all along her web. She lies on this row, and looks like part of it. Birds cannot see her, as she lies in this way.

One small bee that lives in trees is green, like a new leaf. The bees, in brown, black, and gold, look like parts of the flowers on which they alight.

Birds and beasts that live in snow lands, are often white, as the polar bear and the eider duck.

Snakes that live on trees, on on the ground, are often brown or green. They look like the limbs of trees.

Little lizards in walls are gray like stone. In woods, they often are the color of a dead twig. These things can fold up, or stretch out, and look like tuition, or leaves, or balls of grass or hay.

All this will keep them from being seen by animals that would kill them.

Some of them you know have hard shells to shield them. Did I not once tell you how fast they move? They dart and run and jump, quick as a flash of light. That helps them to get out of the way.

Did I not tell you, also, how the crab has his eyes set on pegs? He can turn them every way to see what is near him.

The insect and the spider do not have their eyes on long pegs. Some kinds have six or eight eyes. These eyes are set in a bunch, and some face one way, some another. They can see all ways at once.

Then, too, so many small live things grow each year, that they cannot all be put out of the way.

Each crab will lay more eggs than fifty hens. One spider has more baby spiders than you can count. One bee has more new bees in the hive each year than there are people in a large city. In a wasp's big nest there are, no doubt, as many wasps as there are leaves on a great tree.

Of the creatures which it is most easy to kill, very many are made. And so, while many of them perish each day, many are left to live.

27.2.143 Untitled

Selected Words

about the

PW-T

can you

KU

do be

TKOB

do the

TKO*T

for the

TP-RT

how does

TKHOUS

if you

TPU

if you have

TPUF

in each

TPHAOEFP

is an

SA*PB

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

of the

-FT

what is

SWHA*

what the

WHA*T

you say

UBZ

Text

What is an insect?

Name some kinds of insects.

Can you tell me how an insect's body is made?

How many legs, wings, and eyes do insects have?

What three kind of bees live in each hive?

Tell me what the queen bee does.

What does a drone bee do, and how does he look?

Which bee makes cells?

How do bees get honey and wax?

Tell me how nurse bees take care of bee babies.

How can nurse bees make a new queen bee?

Why do the queen bees fight?

Tell me about the fight of the queen bees.

Why does a swarm of bees leave the hive?

What do bees eat?

What do they make?

Tell me of odd places where bees live.

What things eat the bees and steal their combs?

How must you take care of bees, if you have them?

What colors do bees like best?

Tell me about ground bees.

Tell me about mason bees.

Do all bees make combs with cells that have six sides?

Is a spider an insect?

In what is he not like other insects?

What can a spider make?

How does the spider spin a web?

Tell me about the spider's eyes.

How does a spider tend its young ones?

Tell me about the water spiders.

What can you tell about other queer spiders?

What does a spider eat?

What good things can you say for the spider?

27.2.144 Tom’s Letter to His Father

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

about a

PBA

and it

SKPEUT

at once

TWUPBS

but it

TPWUT

going to

TKPW*GS

have a

SRA

have to

STRO

have to

STRO

have you

SRU

I have

SREU

I said

EUBS

into the

TPHAOT

it was

T-FS

it would

T-LD

of the

-FT

off and

SKPOF

on the

OPBT

out of

OUFT

she said

SHEBS

this morning

TH-RPBG

to the

TOT

to you

TOU

went to

TWOEPBT

when I

WHEU

when she

SWHE

would have

WOUF

Text

Dear Daddy:

I am going to write to you about a new pet we had today. This morning I went to the door, and there sat a little white pig. He walked right into the house.

"Here's a new pet for us, Mother!" I said, and Mother ran into the room.

"What have you got now, Tom?" she said. When she saw the pig, she told me to take it out of the house at once.

"But it wants to live here," I said. "It wants food and water." Mother said it would have to eat out on the grass.

Soon it was time for me to go to school. I ran off and left the pig with Mother. When I got home, my pet was not there. Mother said it was the Smiths' new pig and it ran away about once a day. The Smiths took it home. Daddy, dear, when may I have a pet? Write and tell me soon.

Love,

Tom.

27.2.145 The Crab’s Enemies

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

and it

SKPEUT

are a

RA*

did not

TKEUPBLT

do not

TKPHOT

does that

TKHAOS

goes to

TKPWOS

hard to

THAORD

he can

K*E

if the

TP-T

in the

TPH-T

in this

STHEUPBS

into the

TPHAOT

is it

ST

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

out of

OUFT

over it

TOEFR

part of the

PAFRT

point in

TPHOEUPBT

see this

STHAOE

so many

SOEPL

they did

TKHE

who can

WHOBG

you could

UBGD

Text

Crabs have many enemies. Fish and birds eat them. Men eat some kinds of crabs. Crabs eat each other. With so many enemies, crabs would soon be all gone if they did not lay so many eggs. Mrs. Crab, each year, lays more eggs than you could count.

Crabs do not always have hard shells.

When they first come if the egg they have long tails, four legs, and no clause. The crab's body then has a thin cover. He can swim well.

A little pink crab, named Pea Crab, goes to live in the shell of the oyster. The oyster does not seem to mind it.

You may see this little crab in your oyster soup. He turns orange color when he is cooked. Pinna, or Pea Crab has a very soft shell.

The Spider Crab has a brown shell, rough like sand. Little thorns grow all over it.

This Spider Crab cuts off fine seaweed with her little sharp clause, and hangs it like ribbons on these thorns or hooks.

Then she looks like a little green grove! Who can tell why she does that? Is it to hide?

Do you see the wide hind feet of the crab in this picture?

Those are his paddles, or oars. They are his swimming feet.

His shell is wide and light. He can float on the waves like a boat. He goes far out on the sea.

Some crabs can dig into the sand very fast.

They go in backwards. They slip out of sight like a flash.

Or, they leave the tips of their heads and their eye-pegs out, to look about. Sand crabs do this.

Their shells are a pale brown or sand color. Their shells are wide and round behind, and come to a point in the front.

Their heads are in the narrow part of the shell. Their shells are rough.

They are swift runners.

Some hide in holes in the rocks. Some are sand-color, and their color protects them.

When they are afraid, they lie flat on the sand, and it is hard to see them. Some birds have long, thin bills, with which to pick Mr. Crab out of his sand house.

27.2.146 How to Look at a Fly

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

all the

AULT

and a

SKPA

and the

SKP-T

as the

SAZ

as you

AUZ

at the

TE

by it

TPWEU

did you

TKU

do not

TKPHOT

do you

TKOU

even in

TPHAOEPB

for the

TP-RT

front of

TPROFPBT

great many

TKPWRAEPL

have a

SRA

in a

TPHA*EU

in this

STHEUPBS

is a

SA*EU

is by

SPWEU

is it

ST

is not

S-PBLT

is the

S-T

it can

T-BG

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

made of

PHAEFD

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

of this

TH-F

on the

OPBT

shut up

SHUP

some of

SPHOF

that a

THA*

that the

THAT

there are

THR-R

there is

THR-LGS

these are

THAOERS

they could

THEBGD

this is

TH-S

to find

TOFPBD

to the

TOT

top of

TOFP

top of the

TOFPT

very much

SR-FP

we find

WEFPBD

when it

TWHEPB

you ever

UFR

you think

UPBG

you will

HR*U

you would

ULD

Text

Do you think a fly is a very small and common thing? Is it not worth looking at? Let us see about that.

First, here is its head with two great eyes. We will soon look at the eyes. Then you will see how curious they are.

There are, besides the big eyes, three little eyes. These are set on the top of the head. Then, too, on the front of the head we find a trunk or tube. And here is a pair of feelers. Inside the head is the brain, very much like a worm's brain. It is only a tiny white dot.

Next behind the head is the chest. The head has the shape of half of an egg laid side wise. The chest is nearly square. It is made of three rings.

On the first ring is a pair of legs. On the next ring is a pair of legs and a pair of wings. The fly has only one pair of wings.

On the last ring is a pair of legs. And near these legs are two little clubs covered with fine hair. It is by means of these clubs that the fly can halt or balance on the wing. They help the fly as the second pair of wings helps other insects.

The third part of a fly's body is the largest. It the egg-shaped, and joins the chest by the thick end. This also is made of rings.

Now let us look again at the head of a fly. The feelers are like two long, fine plumes made in joints. Most people think these feelers are made to touch with. Their full, true use is not yet known.

You see, even in a fly, there is much left for some of you to find out.

Some people think that flies smell and hear with these "feelers." But then they are so fine that a breath can jar them, and the fly might seem to hear when it only feels.

In some schools for the deaf and dumb, the pupils are called to class or table by rapping on the floor.

The deaf do not hear the noise, but they feel the jar, and come as if they could hear.

Next comes the mouth of the fly. The lower lip of a fly runs out into a long, slim tube or pipe. With this it sucks up its food.

At the end of this tube is a little flat plate. Close by it are two sharp hairs. These are to prick the food, so that the tube can suck it more easily.

When the fly is not eating, it can shut up this tube like a telescope, to keep it safe. Did you ever see an elephant? Did you see his trunk? The fly's tube is his trunk.

But the chief parts to notice in a fly's head are its eyes. These are so large that they make up nearly all the head.

These big bright eyes look as if they had varnish an them. Now each of these eyes is made up of a very great many small eyes. There are four thousand of these small eyes.

Between these two big eyes are three little single eyes, set in this way.

Wise men have studied the eyes of flies for many years, and do not yet know all about them.

The wings of a fly have a fine, thin, clear covering. This is held out on a tiny frame, like a network. The fly moves these wings very quickly. The motion of the wings helps to make the sound or buzz of the fly.

Now we come to the legs and feet of our fly. The leg is made in five joints. The foot also has five joints. The last joint of the foot has two claws and a little pad. These are covered with fine hairs.

The hairs catch on little points or rough edges. Thus the fly can walk, as you would say, "upside down," and does not fall. Besides, the pad and hairs act like a sucker. They suck air from under the foot. So they hold the fly from falling as he runs up a pane of glass.

27.2.147 Untitled

Selected Words

about the

PW-T

and a

SKPA

are not

R-PBLT

did the

TK-T

do the

TKO*T

is a

SA*EU

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

of the

-FT

out of

OUFT

some of

SPHOF

some of the

SOFPLT

there are

THR-R

what are

WHAR

what is

SWHA*

you say

UBZ

Text

What is a shellfish?

What three great orders of shellfish are there?

Did you say there are many kinds?

Name some of the kinds.

What kind of shell do the fish with a head and a foot live in?

Tell me how these shellfish grow.

Tell me about the conch cradles.

Where do these fish like to live?

Why do they need to wear these hard shells?

Do they change their shells?

How, then, do they grow?

Why are not more blown ashore?

Tell me what they eat.

How do they kill and eat other shellfish?

Do all fish lay eggs?

How do shellfish eat seaweed?

What are shellfish good for?

What shellfish is most eaten?

What did the Indians make out of the shells?

Tell me about the veil, or cloak, of the shellfish.

Tell me more about the foot.

Tell me how Mr. Drill makes war.

Of what are shell and bones made?

How is Mr. Drill's tongue made?

27.2.148 Old Biddy

Selected Words

biddy

PWEUD KWREU

bread

PWRAED

crumb

KRUPL

is a

SA*EU

learn to

THROERPB

says

SEZ

she is

SHES

she says

SHEBSZ

when the

WHEPBT

will be

HR-B

Text

Our old hen Biddy likes her new chicks. She hatched them from twelve big brown eggs in her nest. The chicks will soon learn to run about. Biddy will be glad when the chicks can eat crumbs of bread. When Biddy wants to call her chicks, she says, "Cluck, cluck!" She is a good mother hen.

27.2.149 Mr. Crab and His House

Selected Words

about the

PW-T

as the

SAZ

as you

AUZ

come out

KPHOUT

do not

TKPHOT

gnat

TPHA*T

he can

K*E

in the

TPH-T

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

that he

THAE

to the

TOT

top of

TOFP

when it

TWHEPB

while the

WHAOEULT

will be

HR-B

would be

WOB

you can

UBG

Text

The water of the sea comes and goes in tides.

Twice each day the water rises -- then it is high tide.

After each high tide the water goes back -- then it is ebb tide.

Each tide lasts six hours.

When the snow melts in the spring, or when much rain falls, the water rises high in the brook.

In the dry, hot days the water is low in the bed of the stream.

If the stream or brook were full and low twice each day, the change would be like the high and low tides of the sea.

When the tide is low, Mr. Crab digs out his house.

He scoops out the sand with his big claw.

Then he folds his claw to carry the sand, as you can carry grass or leaves on your arm.

Some kinds of crabs carry the sand in three of their feet, bent to form a basket.

Mr. Crab takes the sand to the top of his hole.

Then, with a jerk, he throws the sand into a heap.

The crab is very strong.

He can lift and carry things larger than his body.

He digs out a long hall.

He makes rooms in his house.

Then he goes with his wife to look for food.

They keep near their home.

They eat flies, gnats, ants, lady-birds, and other little insects.

They also eat seaweed.

When beach flies light on the sand or on seaweed, the crabs jump at them, and catch them as cats catch mice.

But the cats do not move so quickly as the crabs.

Mr. and Mrs. Crab put the bugs they catch into their pantry.

For six hours, while the tide is high, they stay in their house; and while they stay in the house they eat insects and seaweed they have stored away.

The crab acts as though he knew about the tide.

Knows when it will be high over his house.

He knows when it will be low, so that he can come out.

27.2.150 The Little Nest

Selected Words

and to

TAOPBD

are not

R-PBLT

as a

SA*Z

as the

SAZ

at the

TE

but it

TPWUT

center of the

STR-FT

come out

KPHOUT

do not

TKPHOT

down the

TKOUPBT

gets to

TKPWOETS

if you

TPU

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

is done

STKOPB

is like

SHRAOEUBG

is the

S-T

it can

T-BG

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

learn to

THROERPB

made of

PHAEFD

of it

T-F

of the

-FT

off and

SKPOF

on the

OPBT

out of

OUFT

out to

TPOUT

she has

SHEZ

she is

SHES

some people

SPAOEPL

to the

TOT

very well

SR-RL

Text

The web of the spider is made of two kinds of silk. The silk of the rays is smooth. The silk that goes across the rays has tiny drops of glue on it. This makes the line stick to the rays.

Mrs. Spider begins her lines at the outer edge. They are laid nearer to each other as she gets to the center of the web. When all is done, she is in the center, and does not need to walk on her new web. She has a nest near her web.

From the nest runs a line. Mrs. Spider can sit in the door of her nest, and hold the line in her claw. When a bug or fly goes on the web, the web shakes. She feels her line move. She runs down the line and gets the fly or bug, and takes it to her nest to eat.

Before she takes the prey to her nest, she kills or stuns it. Then she winds some fine web about it. She makes a neat bundle of it, and then carries it off.

You can make Mrs. Spider run down her line if you shake the web a very little with a bit of grass or stick. She will run out to see if she has caught a bee or a fly.

The nest of the spider is made of close, fine silk. It is like soft nice cloth.

In shape it is like a ball, or a horn, or a basket. Each kind of spider makes its web in the shape it likes best. In the nest the spider lays her eggs in a silk ball. The eggs, at first, are very soft. After a time they grow harder.

More than two spiders never live in a nest. Often a spider lives all alone. Spiders are often apt to bite off each other's legs. A spider can live and run when half its legs are gone. But it can get a fine new leg as a crab can.

When the baby spiders come out of the egg, they must be fed. The mother takes good care of them.

They grow fast, when they are grown, they go off and make their own webs. Sometimes the eggs are left in the silk ball all winter. The baby spiders come out in the spring.

Then the old ones are dead. But the young ones know how to hunt and to spin. The very young spiders do not have so rich a dress as the old ones. The hairs of their coat are not so thick at first.

The soft, silk-like coat, with its rich color, is the only beauty a spider has. People do not like his long legs and his round, soft, bag-like body. Still, some people who watch spiders learn to like them very well.

27.2.151 Mr. Crab and His Friends

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

and a

SKPA

and he

SKPE

and the

SKP-T

as well

SW*EL

as well as

SW*ELS

as well as

SW-LS

can find

K-FPBD

glad to

TKPWHRAOD

has not

HAEPBLT

he can

K*E

in the

TPH-T

is the

S-T

limpet

HREUPL PET

of the

-FT

on that

THAOPB

on the

OPBT

so much

SOFP

that has

THAZ

that he

THAE

that is

THAS

them to

THOEUPL

while the

WHAOEULT

Text

The crab that has one large claw has many names.

Some call him the Fighting Crab, he is so cross.

Others name him the Calling Crab, because, when he runs, he holds his big claw high, as if he called, "Come! Come!"

Most people call him the Fiddler Crab, and say that his big claw is his fiddle.

I think that is the best name for him.

He can, and does, play a tune on that hand.

It is his violin, as well as his hand, his spade, and his sword.

Do you see a row of little knobs on the inner edge of his big claw?

He rubs those knobs on the edge of the shell that covers his back, and the sound is his tune.

He uses that tune to call his mate.

Mrs. Crab thinks it fine.

Mr. Crab has friends upon the beach, as well as down deep in the sand and in the water.

When he walks along the sand, he meets big flies with two wings.

He is glad to see them. Why?

They put their grubs, or young ones, in the sand, and Mr. Crab knows that he can find them to eat.

Mr. Crab also meets a great, green tiger beetle.

He does not fight him.

He knows that he shall find the beetle's grubs in the sand and eat them.

While he is digging down below, he meets a little fat, round crab, with big eyes, and a thin, gray shell.

He is glad to see him.

If the crab has not food enough to eat while the tide is high, he will creep along in the sand, and catch and kill this small crab for his dinner.

Mr. Crab also meets, deep down, long worms, green, red, or brown.

They are making houses for themselves.

He does not trouble them.

Out in the sea, Mr. Crab finds some small shellfish called limpets.

He likes them so much that he lets them live on his shell.

They take fast hold on his back, and he does not pull them off.

27.2.152 The Big Store

Selected Words

do you

TKOU

goes to

TKPWOS

hold it

THOELD

I want

EUPT

she said

SHEBS

to the

TOT

to you

TOU

tomorrow

TOEPL

want to

TWAOPBT

will be

HR-B

will you

HRU

year old

KWRAERLD

you think

UPBG

Text

Sometimes Betty goes to the big store with her mother. One day she said, "Mother, will you please take me to the store? I want to buy a toy for Ruth. She will be one year old tomorrow."

At the store Betty saw a big blue ball. "Do you think that Ruth would like that?" she asked.

"Oh, yes," said Mother. "Ruth can hold it. She may try to roll it to you."

27.2.153 A House for the Dog

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

can we

KWAOE

had a

HA

he said

HEBS

I had

H*EU

I was

EUFS

in the

TPH-T

this is

TH-S

Tim

TEUPL

what can

WHA*BG

when I

WHEU

Text

Peter had no house for his dog, so he and his father made one. He put a little bed for his dog in the house.

Then Peter said to Father, "My dog has no name, Father. What can we name him?"

"Well," said Father, "when I was a boy I had a black and white dog. His name was Tim. Let us name thinks dog Tim."

Peter liked that name. He hut Tim's name on his house and then gave him something to eat. "This is your home, Tim," he said.

27.2.154 Very Queer Spiders

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

and have

SKP-F

and it

SKPEUT

and the

SKP-T

as many

SPHAEPB

as many as

SPHAEPBS

at a

T*A

at once

TWUPBS

at the

TE

back and

SKPWABG

come out

KPHOUT

could find

KOUFPBD

did not

TKEUPBLT

did you

TKU

do not

TKPHOT

for the

TP-RT

had a

HA

have not

SR-PBLT

have you

SRU

how can

HOUBG

how does

TKHOUS

I have

SREU

I think

KWREUBG

if you

TPU

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

is like

SHRAOEUBG

is the

S-T

it has

T-Z

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

on this

THOPB

one of

WUFPB

one of the

WUFPBT

one that

TWHAUPB

out of

OUFT

take the

TAEUBGT

that the

THAT

there are

THR-R

they can

THEBG

they do

TKHOE

thing is

TH*EUPBGS

three times

THRAOEUPLS

top of

TOFP

top of the

TOFPT

what are

WHAR

with the

W-T

would be

WOB

you can

UBG

you could

UBGD

you ever

UFR

you would

ULD

Text

I have told you of the spider that dives. I also told you of the spider that makes a raft. The one that makes the round web is the garden spider.

There is a spider that runs on water. How can she do that? Have you seen boys dash about on ice with skates on their feet? Did you ever see a man walk on snowshoes? This spider wears shoes.

They are shoes made for walking on the water. What are they like? They are like bags of air. It is as if she had a wee toy balloon on each of her eight feet. She cannot sink.

There is one spider called a trapdoor spider. She lives in the ground. She digs a tube down, and makes her nest deep in the earth.

Then she makes a door. It is a nice door at the top of the hole. It has a hinge. It will open and shut.

It is like the lid of a box. How does she makes this? She spins a thick, round web. She fills it with earth.

Then she folds the web over, to hold the dirt in. She makes a hinge of web. This trapdoor will open and shut. It is firm and strong.

But the odd thing is, that the spider plants moss or small ferns on this door! She digs the moss up, sets it on her door, and it grows well. These trapdoor spiders eat ants and worms. When they come out of their holes, they leave the door wide open so that they can go back.

Once a man put a lady-bird at a spider's trapdoor. She took it in to eat. She found it had too hard a shell to bite. So she took it back and laid it out by her door.

Then the man put a soft grub by the door, and the spider took that to eat. She did not bring that back. She ate it.

Spiders now and then eat other spiders, but not always.

One kind of spider makes a tent of leaves. She ties the leaves down with silk. She lives in the tent and keeps her eggs there.

One garden spider makes a nest in the shape of a pear. One ties a little ball to stems of grass.

The young spiders have not their thick coats at first. Small spiders will stay by their mother and sits on her back. They act like the small chicks with the hen. Most spiders live only one year. Some live two. Some live over four.

There are some mason spiders. When a man is a mason, what does he do? In what does he work? There are mason wasps, and mason bees, and mason worms. Mason spiders makes a nest of clay.

They take the clay in small bits and build a clay mug. It is six inches long. They line it with thick silk. The door is like a box lid. It has a hinge.

Some spiders are so small you can hardly see them. One of the very wee ones is clear, bride red. Some are very big.

The big ones are black, with spots and stripes, and have thick coats like fur. If you could find a tower spider, or a trapdoor spider, and sit down to watch it build or catch its food, I think you would be happy for a whole day, or for many days. The tower spider builds over her hole a neat tower two or three inches high; she sits on her tower.

She has as many as baby spiders at once. They sit on her back for four or five weeks, until they molt two or three times. They do not fight with each other. When Mrs. Spider gets a fly or bug for the little ones to eat, she crushes it, and the baby spiders come and suck the juice, as she holds the food for them.

27.2.155 Untitled

Selected Words

and so

SAOPBD

began to

STKPWAOPB

but it

TPWUT

could not

KOPBLT

Flora

KPA TPHROEUR

had a

HA

in the

TPH-T

it was

T-FS

she could

SHEBGD

went to

TWOEPBT

Text

One day Nell and Flora went to play with May. It began to rain, so they had a good game of hide-and-go-seek in the barn.

"I spy May," said Flora, but it was Nell with May's hat on.

May then ran to hide in the loft. She fell and sprained her wrist, and so she could not play again for days.

27.2.156 Untitled

Selected Words

and have

SKP-F

do not

TKPHOT

fun to

TPOUPB

glad to

TKPWHRAOD

going to

TKPW*GS

Hall

HA*L

have a

SRA

I am

KWRAEUPL

in the

TPH-T

is to

STO

Ross

ROS

to the

TOT

Tony

TOEPB KWREU

you can

UBG

you do

TKO*U

Text

See the flag flap in the wind. I am glad to clap my hands at it and shout, "Hurrah!"

The boys are going to march today. David Ross is to carry the flag, while I beat my drum, and Tony Hall blows on his tin horn. It is good fun to march and keep step to the music.

Betsy, while I am at play, you can take my sled and have a ride on it; but take care you do not slip off.

27.2.157 A Look at a Housefly

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

all the

AULT

and a

SKPA

and are

SKP-R

and can

SKP-BG

and the

SKP-T

and to

TAOPBD

are not

R-PBLT

are the

R-T

as soon as

S-PBS

as you

AUZ

at a

T*A

change is

SKHAEUPBG

come out

KPHOUT

from a

TPRA*

from the

TPR-T

have a

SRA

how it

THOU

in a

TPHA*EU

in each

TPHAOEFP

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

is an

SA*PB

is not

S-PBLT

it can

T-BG

it has

T-Z

learned that

THRAERPBD

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

now the

TPHOUT

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

one of

WUFPB

one of the

WUFPBT

one that

TWHAUPB

one time

WAOEUPL

ready to

TKRAOE

some of

SPHOF

that has

THAZ

then the

THEPBT

there are

THR-R

there is

THR-LGS

these are

THAOERS

to be

TOB

when it

TWHEPB

which will

KH-L

will be

HR-B

will say

HR-BZ

you do

TKO*U

you will

HR*U

Text

Look at a worm crawling about on the earth. Then look at a fly with blue or green body and thin wings. See how it whirls in the air! You will say, "These two are not at all alike."

Yes there is one time in a fly's life when it is very like a worm.

For this reason many wise people set flies and worms next to each other when they study them.

You know, as soon as you look at a fly, that it is an insect.

You have learned that an insect has wings, six legs, a body in three parts, and a pair of feelers like horns. Insects breathe through all the body, and not by lungs as you do. They have a row of holes in each side to breathe through.

The life of an insect passes through three states. These are the egg, the grub or worm, and the pupa. When it is in the pupa it gets legs and wings. The word "pupa" means baby or doll. There are some kinds of insects that vary in some of these points. The fly is one that varies from this rule.

If you look at a fly, you will see that it has two wings, not four. It is not one of the hook-wings.

Many insects can fold their wings. The fly cannot fold its wings; it lays them back over its body.

Let us first look at a fly when it is most like an earthworm. The fly comes, in the first place, from a tiny egg laid by the mother fly.

When the egg opens, the baby fly isn't like a fly, but like a little earthworm, both in its looks and in the way in which it is made. It is a small white worm with rings, and on the rings are hooks.

If you wish to watch this change, lay a bit of meat in the sun on a hot day. Soon flies will lay eggs on it.

The next day these eggs will be turned to grubs, which grow very fast. The fly's eggs are small and white, and are put upon the meat as if they had been planted on one end.

The worm of the fly has a pair of jaws like hooks. It has two little dots which will become eyes when it has grown to a fly. In the hooked jaws and these eye-points it is not like an earthworm.

The fly grub eats and grows. Then its skin gets tough and hard, and forms a little case like a barrel. This shuts the worm in it, as in a coffin. Now the baby fly seems to be dead.

But it is not dead. It is turning into a creature that has wings and legs, and can fly and walk.

As the fly lies in its case, first the legs and then the wings grow. It gets a head with mouth, eyes, and a trunk or tube, and from a poor worm it turns to a wonder, as you will see.

But in its little coffin it is shut close, and its legs and wings are all bent up. In a few days the change is made. Now it is ready to come out.

It moves, and pulls, and gets free from the hard case. Then it strikes the end of the case with its head time after time. At last it breaks the case open, and out comes the fly!

Then it stands in the air, and in the sun if it can, and shakes itself. It is cold and weak; but the air dries its wings and blows out the wrinkles.

In a very few minutes the fly is strong and gay.

Then it spreads its wings and sails off to enjoy its life, and to look for something good to eat.

27.2.158 Baby Birds

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

at once

TWUPBS

before

PW-FR

for the

TP-RT

fun to

TPOUPB

has to

THAOS

have to

STRO

have to

STRO

he has

HEZ

in a

TPHA*EU

lots of

HROFTS

one of

WUFPB

she would

SHELD

would have

WOUF

Text

A little brown bird makes her home in a tree by our door. It is fun to watch her.

One day we saw four little brown eggs. The mother sat on her eggs for many days. At last she had four babies.

Now she would have to work!

Baby birds want lots of food. All day long the mother works to feed them. A baby bird eats and eats. The birds will grow big and fat before they fly away.

The father bird helps to feed the babies, too. He brings something nice to one of them, which eats it at once. Off he has to go to get something nice for the other three.

Food, food, food! Baby birds eat all day long!

27.2.159 The Story of Mr. Conch

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

and a

SKPA

and he

SKPE

and is

SKP-S

and the

SKP-T

as well

SW*EL

as well as

SW*ELS

as well as

SW-LS

as you

AUZ

at the

TE

do not

TKPHOT

four times

TPRAOEUPLS

from the

TPR-T

great many

TKPWRAEPL

he can

K*E

he has

HEZ

he wants

HEPTS

how does

TKHOUS

in a

TPHA*EU

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

is the

S-T

it has

T-Z

no one

TPHOEUPB

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

out of

OUFT

part of the

PAFRT

them to

THOEUPL

to the

TOT

very, very

SRE SRE

when the

WHEPBT

where he

WRE

will not

HR-PBLT

you would

ULD

Text

The conch or winkle does not like to live in sand, or on hard rock. He likes deep water, where he has some sand and some rock. When the wind blows, and the sea is very rough, he digs his stout foot into the sand near a stone, and holds fast. Then he will not drift on shore.

If he is cast on the shore, he will die. Mr. Conch cannot live out of water.

Mrs. Conch likes some soft sand for a bed for her babes in their queer cradles.

What does Mr. Conch eat?

He eats other shellfish. He likes to eat oysters. How does he get them?

He goes off to the oyster beds.

He likes the nice young oysters. He picks one up with his foot. You see he uses his foot for a hand as well as for a door. He can spread his foot out very wide. It is very, very strong.

When he has the oyster in his grip, he draws his foot close, as you would shut your hand tight. That breaks up the shell of the oyster. Then Mr. Conch sucks up the oyster at his ease.

The men who own oyster beds do not like hem, for he eats many oysters.

Mr. Conch lives a great many years. No one can hurt him in his hard house, and he has all he wants to eat.

His shell is the shape of a large pear, it has a little point at the top, and a long end like a stem. The stem end has a groove in it. His shell has a turn or twist in it, three or four times round. It of a sand-color, or pale yellow, outside.

Some shells have dark stripes. Inside, the shell is very smooth, and shines, and is of a fine, bright red, or pink, or yellow. It is a very pretty shell.

How does the conch grow? The conch grows from an egg. Most fish lay eggs. The eggs of the conch are in a string. They are left lying on the sand to grow.

What is the conch good for? In some places people like them to eat. Fish and crabs eat the conchs' eggs and the young conference. The shells are made into buttons and breast-pins.

The Indians used to make money from the pink part of these shells. They also used the purple part of the round clamshell for money.

27.2.160 Untitled

Selected Words

and the

SKP-T

Collie

KPA KOL AO*E

do you

TKOU

on this

THOPB

she was

SHEFS

that she

STHAE

you think

UPBG

Text

Here is little Bo-Peep. See her crook beside her. She was so tired with watching her sheep that she sank down on this soft green bank.

What do you think she did? Why, she fell asleep. Sleep! Sleep! Little Bo-Peep! The sheep are taking a drink, and the good dog Collie is watching them.

27.2.161 The Brown Cow

Selected Words

and so

SAOPBD

and was

SKP-FS

bossy

PWOS SEU

he can

K*E

I can

AOEUBG

I will

KWREUL

is a

SA*EU

out to

TPOUT

she was

SHEFS

that I

THAEU

the two

TWOT

were the

WR-T

when the

WHEPBT

will you

HRU

Text

Jack is a big boy. He can milk a cow. One day when Father was away, Mother said, "Jack, will you milk for me today?"

"I will milk all three cows," said Jack.

Jack ran out to see Bossy. She was a big brown cow and was Jack's pet.

"Be good, Bossy," said Jack, "so that I can milk you."

Bossy was good that day, and so were the two black and white cows. When the boy had milked the three cows, he took the milk to his mother.

27.2.162 Untitled

Selected Words

able to

TAOEUBL

and can

SKP-BG

at the

TE

she has

SHEZ

them to

THOEUPL

will be

HR-B

with the

W-T

Text

These little ones are at the lake shore. Rose has her spade in her hand. She has some shells and stones in her little basket.

They will take them to poor Bess. Bess is ill in bed, but she will be able to sit up soon, and can amuse herself with the shells.

27.2.163 The Spider and His Dress

Selected Words

all the

AULT

and is

SKP-S

and the

SKP-T

and to

TAOPBD

as a

SA*Z

as it

TAZ

as large as

SHRARPBLGS

as the

SAZ

at once

TWUPBS

before the

PW-FRT

come out

KPHOUT

do not

TKPHOT

four times

TPRAOEUPLS

from the

TPR-T

have a

SRA

have the

SR-T

he has

HEZ

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

instead of

STPHEFD

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

is also

SHR-S

is an

SA*PB

is like

SHRAOEUBG

is not

S-PBLT

is the

S-T

it has

T-Z

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

made of

PHAEFD

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

out of

OUFT

part of the

PAFRT

that has

THAZ

the two

TWOT

them to

THOEUPL

then the

THEPBT

they can

THEBG

they do

TKHOE

this the

TH-T

to be

TOB

to feel

TOFL

very much

SR-FP

what are

WHAR

what is

SWHA*

when it

TWHEPB

will be

HR-B

will not

HR-PBLT

Text

Flies, wasps, bees and ants are insects. Insects have six legs, and their bodies have three parts. An insect is at first a tiny egg. From the egg comes a grub, and the grub turns to a full-grown wasp, or fly, or bee.

Then it first gets its legs and wings, and comes out of its cell or case, it is as large as it ever will be. Insects do not grow after they get wings. The small fly does not grow to a big fly, nor the small bee to a big bee. The first size they have when they come out is the size that they keep.

The spider is an insect of another kind. It lays eggs, and out of the eggs come little spiders. They grow to be big ones. The spider changes its size, it grows. It molts its skin.

The body of the insect is hard, and is made in rings. It cannot pull its coat off to get bigger, as a crab can.

The spider's body is soft. Its skin is tough; it changes its skin often when it is very young.

The spider has eight legs instead of six, and most spiders have eight eyes. The spider's body is in two parts. The poison is not in a sting in the tail. It is in the base of the two jaws.

The spiders are somewhat like crabs; somewhat like other insects, as the daddy-long-legs. The real daddy-long-legs is a fly with long legs. A spider that has just such legs is also called a daddy-long-legs.

The front part of the spider's body is not so large as the hind part. The front part has all the eight legs and the head.

The spider has no wings, but he has two small front legs, or hands, with five joints. He uses them to feel with, and to take his food.

You will see on the head of the spider two short fangs. They are its jaws. They have the poison in them. They are used to bite.

The claws on the eight feet of a spider are very much like a lion's claw. The claws have a brush of hairs on them.

The spider can walk up a wall. The brush on his feet will not let him drop off. He uses his legs to jump and to walk, and to guide his thread when he spins.

Spiders spin webs. The hind part of the spider is large and round. It has six small, round tubes. Each of these tubes is made of many very small tubes. What are they for? They are to spin this web. What is the web?

In the tube is a kind of glue. When it is drawn out into the air, it gets hard. It is then a fine silk, and as it comes out it is woven into a net which we call a web. All spiders spin webs.

Spiders are of all colors. Their dress is like velvet. It is black, brown, red, and gold. It is in stripes and spots. The spider is like a king in his rich dress.

The eight eyes of the spider cannot move. They are set so that they can see every way at once.

While the spider is growing, he pulse off his dress as Mr. Crab does. The crab's bones are his coat. The spider has no bones, but his skin is hard and tough, and before the baby spiders are two months old, they shed their coats three or four times.

We say they molt when they do this. They spin a bit of line to take firm hold of. Then the skin on the front past of the body first contraction open; then after this the skin on the hind part falls off; and by hard kicks they get their legs free.

The new skin is fine and soft but so grows firm and tough.

27.2.164 Do You Know?

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

are not

R-PBLT

cover the

TKOUFRBT

do you

TKOU

do you know

TKAOUPBLG

is a

SA*EU

larger

HRAERPBLG

may not

PHAEUPBT

remember

RER

rubber

RAOURB

than the

THAPBT

that is

THAS

toe

TO*E

wear

WAER

when it

TWHEPB

when you

WHU

you know

KWRAOUPB

you should

URBD

Text

Do you know that your feet are not just alike? One foot is a little larger than the other. That is why you should try to both shoes when you buy a new pair. Shoes must fit well. If they are too small, your toes may not grow straight. Boys and girls should always wear shoes with flat heels. When it is cold, and snow and ice cover the ground, a boot with a high top is good for boys. If it is raining, remember your rubbers.

27.2.165 Untitled

Selected Words

I have

SREU

I want

EUPT

Leon

HRAOE O*PB

want it

TWAPBT

when I

WHEU

Text

This ring was a gift from Leon. I mended the rent in his gloves for him.

A burn is apt to hurt; so don't play with fire. Many children have died from very bad burns. Keep away from fire.

I have made a dented in blade of my knife. I want it now to peel the rind from this lemon. When I have done I must wipe it dry, or it will soon be rusty.

27.2.166 Untitled

Selected Words

do is

STKO

Fido

TPAOEU TKOE

he can

K*E

is a

SA*EU

is not

S-PBLT

on the

OPBT

she can

SHEBG

this is

TH-S

to be

TOB

up and

SKPUP

will not

HR-PBLT

Text

This is Mary and Fido.

Mary is a good girl, and Fido is a good dog.

He will not bite you.

Fido likes to be with Mary.

She is kind to him.

She has a book in her lap.

Her hand is on the book.

Can Mary read?

Yes, she can read well.

She is not a very little girl.

Can Fido read?

O no! But he can sit up and look wise.

27.2.167 The Bear Sleeps All Winter

Selected Words

all the

AULT

and all

SKPAUL

and he

SKPE

as much

SPHUFP

as much as

SPHUFPS

bear

PWAER

did not

TKEUPBLT

every day

*EFRD

for the

TP-RT

he could

HEBGD

he wanted

HEPTD

he was

EFS

it was

T-FS

it would

T-LD

it would be

T-BLD

much as

PHUFPS

to be

TOB

very, very

SRE SRE

wanted to

TWAOPBTD

went into

TPWHAOEPBT

went to

TWOEPBT

would be

WOB

Text

It was cold. Winter was coming, and soon it would be time for the bear's long sleep.

He had been eating good food for some time. Every day now he ate as much as he could because he wanted to be fat when he went into his winter home.

One night it was very, very cold, and before morning, snow fell. The bear went into his home. He was fat and happy, and he went to sleep on a bed of grass.

Soon more snow fell, and all the days and nights were cold. But the bear did not know it.

Have a nice long sleep, Black Bear! I hope you don't get up too soon!

27.2.168 What am I?

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

and I

SKPEU

Bertie

PWERT AO*E

brothers and sisters

great many

TKPWRAEPL

I am

KWRAEUPL

in a

TPHA*EU

to the

TOT

Text

I am round.

I live in a little brown house.

My house is hard and has no windows or doors.

I used to live in a tree with a great many brothers and sisters.

Jack Frost gave me a nip and I fell to the ground.

Bertie Field found me and put me in his pocket.

27.2.169 Untitled

Selected Words

am not

PH-PBLT

did you

TKU

do not

TKPHOT

first time

TPEURT

I am

KWRAEUPL

I have

SREU

I know

KWR-PB

is the

S-T

this is

TH-S

what is

SWHA*

who was

WHOFS

will not

HR-PBLT

Text

"O dear! O dear!" cried May.

"What is the matter, little girl?" said a man, who was passing.

"I fell and tore my skirt."

"Did you hurt yourself?"

"No, sir, I am not hurt, but this is the first time I have worn this skirt, and now it is spoiled," and poor May burst out crying again.

"Well, well, little one, do not cry," said the man, "that will not mend your dress, but I know that mother can."

27.2.170 The Uses of Crabs

Selected Words

and all

SKPAUL

and so

SAOPBD

and the

SKP-T

do you

TKOU

do you ever

TKOUFR

great many

TKPWRAEPL

hard to

THAORD

he has

HEZ

how long

HOUPBG

how often

HOUFPB

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

see it

STAOE

so fast

SOFZ

so many

SOEPL

so much

SOFP

that are

THAR

that he

THAE

that would

THALD

that you

THAU

there are

THR-R

they can

THEBG

they say

THEBZ

things are

THREUPBGS

things that

THAEUPBGS

to the

TOT

you could

UBGD

you ever

UFR

Text

How often does Mr. Crab get a new coat? His coat does not wear out.

But it gets too small. Then he changes it to get a larger one.

The baby grows fast. You seem to see it grow.

You grow fast. They say it is hard to keep you in clothes.

You cannot wear the coat you had last year. But your papa can wear his coat for many years.

He will tell you that he has done growing.

It is so with a crab.

When he is very young, he grows fast. He needs a new shell very often.

When he is older, he grows more slowly. Then he gets a new coat every spring.

At last he does not grow any more. He keeps the same shell, year after year.

It gets very hard and thick, and loses its bright color. Very often it is nearly covered with limpets.

They fasten their flat or pointed shells to the crab's back, and stay there. I cannot tell you just how long a crab lives.

Of what use is a crab? Have all things a use?

Yes. God made all things; and all things are of use.

Sometimes we cannot find out the use. Crabs are good for food.

Some kinds are eaten by men, as fish and oysters are eaten. Birds eat a great many crabs.

Some birds almost live on them. Fish eat many crabs.

There are many kinds of crabs so small that you could hardly see them. Fish feed on them.

Men catch and eat the fish. Crabs help to keep the sea and the seashore clean.

Crabs are greedy. They eat nearly all kinds of dead things that would spoil and make a bad smell if left on the sand.

They eat dead fish, dead animals that are thrown into the sea, and grubs, flies, and worms. Do you ever see men going about to clean the streets?

The crabs help to keep clean the sea and the shore. There are so many crabs, and they eat so much, and so fast, that they can clean away much of the dead stuff that lies on the shore.

27.2.171 Mr. Worm and His Family

Selected Words

and a

SKPA

and are

SKP-R

and he

SKPE

and you

SKPU

are the

R-T

can feel

K-FL

can you

KU

full of

TPUFL

he can

K*E

he has

HEZ

if you

TPU

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

is the

S-T

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

made of

PHAEFD

of the

-FT

out of

OUFT

shut up

SHUP

so fast

SOFZ

take the

TAEUBGT

than the

THAPBT

that has

THAZ

that he

THAE

that you

THAU

the two

TWOT

to the

TOT

we say

WEBZ

what can

WHA*BG

which are

KH-R

you can

UBG

you could

UBGD

you say

UBZ

Text

One day I saw a boy making a hole in the ground, and he dug out a worm.

I said to the boy, "What can you tell me about worms?"

The boy said, "Worms are long, soft things, alike at both ends. If you cut one in two, each end goes off, and makes a whole new worm. They have no heads and no feet and no feelings, and are no good but for fish bait."

That boy thought he knew all about worms. But really he knew very little about them. All that he had told me was wrong.

Worms belong to the great class of ringed, or jointed, animals. These creatures have bodies made in rings or joints.

Let us take a careful look at our humble friends, the earthworm.

He is a long, round, soft, dark, slimy thing, and you say, "He is alike at both ends."

Is he? Let us see. His body is made of from one hundred to two hundred rings. These rings are smaller toward the two ends of the body, which are the head and tail.

Each ring has on it tiny hooks, too small for you to see. These hooks take the place of the jointed feet that his cousins have. The feed on a caterpillar will show you about how these hooks would look, if you could see them.

By these hooks the worm moves along, and digs his way in the ground. Mr. Worm can hold so fast to his den or hole, that you have hard work to pull him out.

Have you seen Mr. Robin brace his feet and tug with all his might, when he pulse out a worm? The worm is holding fast by his hooks.

You see the hooks are Mr. Worm's feet. Let us now look for his head. You have five senses. You can hear, see, feel, smell, taste. The worm can feel and taste. Some think he can smell some things. He cannot see or hear.

Why do we say he has a head, if he has no eyes nor ears nor nose? We say he has a head because he has a mouth and a brain.

His mouth has two lips. The upper lip is larger than the under. He has no teeth. In the back of his head, not far from his mouth, is his brain, or nerve center.

The worm is the only jointed animal that has red blood. Mr. Worm is dark-colored because his body is full of the earth which he swallows.

If you keep him out of the earth for a while, his skin will get pale and clear. Then you can see his red blood run in two long veins. He needs fresh air to keep this red blood pure. He dies very soon if he is shut up in a close box or case.

27.2.172 A Swarm of Flies

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

All right

HRAOEURBLT

and so

SAOPBD

and you

SKPU

as you

AUZ

begin to

STKPWOEUPB

can you

KU

from the

TPR-T

has not

HAEPBLT

have said

SR-BS

have you

SRU

hold it

THAOELD

hold it

THOELD

how does

TKHOUS

I can

AOEUBG

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

is the

S-T

it has

T-Z

made of

PHAEFD

no one

TPHOEUPB

number of

TPHUFPL

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

one and

SKPWUPB

one of

WUFPB

one of the

WUFPBT

over it

TOEFR

said that

STHAEUD

she is

SHES

so long

SHROPBG

that the

THAT

that you

THAU

them to

THOEUPL

they can

THEBG

they do

TKHOE

they were

THERP

through the

THRUT

to be

TOB

top of

TOFP

top of the

TOFPT

you can

UBG

you would

ULD

Text

Have you heard people speak of swarms of flies? By a swarm of flies we mean a great number of flies rather near together. By a swarm of bees we mean a number of bees that live and work in one place. A swarm of bees divides the work of its hive. It has one queen bee. She is the mother and ruler of the rest. But flies have no home where they live in common. They have no work. They have no one mother or queen, for whom the rest work. Each mother fly drops her eggs where it seems best to her. Then she goes off. She leaves her children to grow as best they can.

I have said that the fly likes best to place her eggs on a piece of fresh meat.

These eggs soon turn to worms or grubs, and so spoil the meat. To keep the meat from the flies the cook puts a cover over it. The cover is often made of wire net.

"Now," says the cook, "I can keep away that dirty fly."

But Mrs. Fly says, "Oh, can you, Mrs. Cook?" We will see about that."

So Mrs. Fly sits on top of the wire cover. She puts her little egg tube through one of the fine holes in the net. She drops egg after egg from the tube. The eggs fall right on the meat, just where Mrs. Fly wishes them to be.

Then the cook cries out, "How ever did that fly get to my meat!"

Is it not strange that Mrs. Fly knows that her egg tube is the right size to go through the mesh of the wire net? How does she know that the eggs will fall on the meat?

Flies do another queer thing. If many flies are in a room, and you begin to chase them to kill them, they hide. They creep into holes and cracks. They hide in curtains. They go behind pictures. After the hunt is over, out they come, one by one!

Flies also know how to sham death,--"play dead," you would say.

If you hit one and make it fall, it will lie very still, and seems to be dead. Then, after a little, it softly spreads out its legs and its wings. Then it shakes itself. A moment more, off it goes.

This fashion of making believe to be dead does not belong to flies only. Nearly all insects, and many other animals sham death.

It is worthwhile to watch and see how well they do it.

When a fly is killed other flies come to eat up its body. They put their trunks or mouth tubes on the dead fly and begin to suck.

Soon the body is sucked dry of all its juice. It is only a dry shell.

I will tell you something that you can do with a dead fly. If it has not been dead so long that it has grown too stiff you can make the wings move. Hold it by the body. Gently tip up one wing. As you lift up one wing the other will rise too. They move together. It is as if they were set on a little spring.

27.2.173 Mr. Earthworm at Home

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

all the

AULT

and a

SKPA

and be

SKP-B

and have

SKP-F

and so

SAOPBD

and the

SKP-T

and you

SKPU

as small as

SPHAULS

as you

AUZ

at once

TWUPBS

at the

TE

back to

TPWAOBG

because it

TPWAUS

begin to

STKPWOEUPB

can feel

KHROUP

close up

KHROUP

do not

TKPHOT

early morning

ERPBLG

earth is

S*ERT

for the

TP-RT

from the

TPR-T

full of

TPUFL

great deal

TKPWRAEL

he has

HEZ

he said

HEBS

how the

HOUT

I have

SREU

if the

TP-T

if you

TPU

in the

TPH-T

instead of

STPHEFD

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

is also

SHR-S

is it

ST

is not

S-PBLT

is that

STHA

is the

S-T

is to

STO

it can

T-BG

it feels

T-FLS

it has

T-Z

likely to

THRAOEULG

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

may find

PHAEUFPBD

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

off and

SKPOF

out and

SKPOUT

see it

STAOE

sense of

SEFPBS

she would

SHELD

should be

SHOB

so much

SOFP

so the

SOT

that he

THAE

that is

THAS

that the

THAT

there are

THR-R

there is

THR-LGS

these are

THAOERS

they do

TKHOE

they were

THERP

this is

TH-S

to find

TOFPBD

to its

TOEUTS

to the

TOT

top of

TOFP

top of the

TOFPT

up and

SKPUP

want to

TWAOPBT

want to

WA*PBT

we say

WEBZ

what the

WHA*T

when it

TWHEPB

when the

WHEPBT

when you

WHU

where is

WR-S

will be

HR-B

will find

HR-FPBD

will go

HR*G

would not

WOPBLT

you should

URBD

you will

HR*U

Text

I told you the earthworm has two veins. One runs down his back, the other runs along the under side of his body.

There are tiny holes, like pinpricks, in his body. These are for the air to reach his blood, to keep it red and pure.

In his body poor Mr. Worm has something that no other creature has. He has two bags or sacks for lime. This is in some way to help him with his food.

Mr. Worm has no teeth with which to grind his food. He has inside his body small bits of stone. These are as small as grains of sand. There are instead of teeth to grind his food.

When you study birds you will find that, like Mr. Worm, they have no teeth. They, too, carry little millstones inside their bodies.

The little bags of lime help to grind or change the worm's food in some way, not yet well known.

The soft body of the worm will stretch like India rubber. It will hold a great deal of food.

Now you see that Mr. Worm is not alike at both ends. One end has the head, the stomach, the parts that serve for a brain, and a heart.

The hooks begin at the fourth ring behind the head. Look at the worm when he lifts his head, and you will see his mouth.

The tail has very strong hooks with which to hold fast to his cell. This tail end is also his trowel, or mould, a tool with which this poor, ugly worm helps to build the world.

Ah! Now I have told you a great thing, a strange thing. Is it true that the feeble, useless worm helps to build the world? Where is that boy who knew so much about worms?

But before you hear how the worm helps to build the world, let us go back to what the boy said. He said, "If you cut the worm in two, each end will go off and be a whole worm."

That is not true of the worm. When the worm is cut in two, the parts do not die at once. As there are hooks and rings on each part, they each can move off.

It is thought that if the forepart is left safe, the cut can close up, and the worm can still live. A new tail may grow upon the front part, as Mr. Crab's new claw or eye-peg grows.

But the hind part cannot live or grow. It cannot get a new mouth or heart, so it can take no food, and have no blood. So the hind part soon dries up and dies.

The boy told me that the worm "had no feelings." A worm can feel. The sense of touch is the best sense it has. Put your finger on its body, and see it move and shrink.

The worm cannot hear. It moves off as you come near, because it feels the jar of the earth.

The worm cannot see. Creatures that live under ground have but little use for eyes. Fishes that live in dark cave rivers have no eyes.

If the worm moves from the light and hides from it, it is because it feels the action of light on its skin. It does not see the light.

What does Mr. Worm eat? Some tell you that he eats dirt. It is true that he fills his body full of earth. That is to carry it to the top of the ground. Mr. Crab has claws and legs to bend into the shape of a basket. Poor Mr. Worm has no arms, legs, or claws, so he must make a basket of himself.

Suppose you should be sent for fruit, and turn yourself into a basket in that way! Your mamma might find fault. She would not wish you to act like a worm.

It is true that the worm may find a little food in the earth which he swallows. But the chief food of the worm is dead leaves and stems of plants. It does not care for fresh, live leaves and stems and roots.

The worm also likes meat,--fat, raw, or cooked. Worms will gnaw or suck the bodies of dead worms. We say worms gnaw. As they have no teeth, they do not really gnaw. The pinch off what they eat.

Worms like onions and cabbage best of all food. They like water, and must live in damp placeses.

When the worm gets food into its mouth, the rings of its body begin to move out and in. They look as if they were opening and shutting. By this motion they press the food down into the body.

When the worm want to move, it stretches out its body to its full length. Then it takes hold of the earth with its hooks. Next it draws up its body, and so moves on. This is a wave-like motion, you see.

Watch it, and you will see that it travels with a motion like waves.

If you wish to find worms to study, you must seek for them in early morning or late in the evening. You will be likely to find them when all the earth is moist with dew, or when it is raining.

Worms hurry to the surface of the soil to enjoy the falling rain. When there is a long, dry time, the worms go down deeper and deeper into the earth. You cannot find them when you dig for them.

27.2.174 Untitled

Selected Words

and I

SKPEU

down the

TKOUPBT

I see

STPHAOE

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

on the

OPBT

she is

SHES

so much

SOFP

will not

HR-PBLT

Text

Mamma, may Ella and I run down the garden path to meet aunt Ida? We will not go on the grass. I see aunt coming past the last elm tree. Yes, go, Emma, and help carry her basket; it seems heavy, and Auntie must be tired.

I see Ann Ray; she is afraid to come into the yard. She hears the dog bark. Run fast, and ask her to come past the dog. He will not bite; he is chained.

It is a real task to make Trip stop his noise; he likes to bark so much.

27.2.175 How Jack Has Fun

Selected Words

at least

THRAOEFT

from a

TPRA*

have the

SR-T

he can

K*E

he says

HEBSZ

hit it

THEUT

I have

SREU

of a

AEUF

Text

The leader of a team always chooses Jack for his side. Jack is healthy and strong. He likes a good game. He can throw a ball or hit it farther than any other boy. He is always fair.

Jack can hang by his niece from a bar. He can pull himself up a rope hand over hand.

Jack drinks a glass of milk with every meal. He washes his hands with soap and combs his hair before he eats. He keeps his skin clean by taking a bath at least twice a week. He says, "I try to keep well, for then I have the most fun."

27.2.176 Untitled

Selected Words

are not

R-PBLT

did you

TKU

in the

TPH-T

one of

WUFPB

out of

OUFT

run to

TOURPB

she can

SHEBG

she has

SHEZ

what she

SWHAE

you ever

UFR

Text

Did you ever see a rabbit?

Some rabbits are tame and some are wild.

Wild rabbits live in the woods.

Mary Gray has three tame rabbits. One of them is as white as snow.

She is very fond of her pets. She calls them, "Bunny, bunny, bunny; come, bunny."

Then they run to her to see what she has for them.

She gives them clover to eat.

They eat it out of her hand.

They are not afraid. She can take them up in her lap.

How soft and smooth the rabbit's fur feels!

What long ears they have!

27.2.177 Old Ned and His Garden

Selected Words

and he

SKPE

are the

R-T

at the

TE

he has

HEZ

I've been

AOEUFB

in the

TPH-T

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

lots of

HROFTS

more than

PH-RPB

of the

-FT

one of

WUFPB

think of

THEUF

Text

Old Ned lives at the foot of the hill in the small brown house. In his big garden is almost every kind of flower. He keeps bees, too. Those funny looking white boxes are the homes of Ned's bees. There must be more than a hundred of them.

I've been down to Ned's place lots of times. He has all kinds of interesting things for a boy to see. The other day he gave me a bird's nest, and he knew what bird had made that nest.

Old Ned takes us boys fishing every Saturday. One day I caught a big fish and then lost it. Old Ned gave me one of his -- think of that!

27.2.178 Untitled

Selected Words

azure

AZ AOUR

do you

TKOU

do you mean

TKOUPL

from the

TPR-T

has been

HAB

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

it was

T-FS

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

made of

PHAEFD

of the

-FT

pleasure in

TPHR*ERB

sense of

SEFPBS

to the

TOT

to you

TOU

which the

KH-T

you mean

KWRAOUPL

Text

Rouge is a kind of fine, red paint.

The sense of sight is called vision.

That box has been a great treasure.

I have much pleasure in knowing that it was been so useful to you.

My fan is of an azure hue. What do you mean by "azure"? The word "azure" means blue -- the color of the sky.

What is wax made of? Wax is made by the little bees. The house in which the bees live in called a hive. They make the comb of wax, and fasten it to the sides of the hive, and in the comb they put the sweet honey from the flowers.

27.2.179 Untitled

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

and so

SAOPBD

are not

R-PBLT

do not

TKPHOT

haul

HA*UL

is not

S-PBLT

Lena

HRAOE TPHA

Rex

R*EBGS

will not

HR-PBLT

Text

An ox is very strong. Oxen pull heavy loads and so are of use to hen.

My cousin Rex can drive oxen, and haul wood and hay.

A fox can run faster than an ox. Foxes are of no use; they are not bigger than a dog, and catch ducks and geese.

Charles, do not vex Lena. It is not right to vex a little child and make it cry. Give Lena the six nuts, and put them in her box. Then she will not cry.

27.2.180 The Ant’s Home

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

able to

TAOEUBL

all the

AULT

as you

AUZ

begins to

STKPWOEUPBS

do not

TKPHOT

from the

TPR-T

have been

SR-B

have had

SR-D

have to

STRO

have to

STRO

in the

TPH-T

is the

S-T

is too

STAO

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

made of

PHAEFD

much as

PHUFPS

of the

-FT

out of

OUFT

part of the

PAFRT

she can

SHEBG

she has

SHEZ

that is

THAS

that she

STHAE

they would

THELD

to find

TOFPBD

to the

TOT

up to

TOUP

very many

SR-RPL

where the

W-RT

will not

HR-PBLT

would be

WOB

you would

ULD

Text

Ants live in nests, made in the earth. We call them ant-hills, from the shape of the part that is above ground. It is the queen ant who begins to build the ant-hill.

Like the mother wasp, the ant works on her nest until enough ants grow up to do all the work. After that, like the queen bee, she does no work. The work ants will not allow her to go from home.

When the ant finds a place for her home, she takes off her wings. They would be in her way while she worked. Then she begins to dig. She acts at first much as your dog does when he digs after a chipmunk or a rabbit.

The ants lace her big head close to the ground. With her fore-feet she digs up the soil, and tosses it back between her hind legs. She digs as her cousin, Mrs. Wasp, digs.

She keeps waving her little feelers, as if to find out the kind of soil. Soon she has a hole deep enough to cover her body. It is too deep for her to throw out the dirt with her feet. Now she uses her feet, and her jaws, also, to do with.

She rolls and moulds the earth into little balls. She carries each ball out. Where the soil is sandy, she takes it out, grain by grain. At first, she must back out of her hole. Soon her hallway is so wide that she can turn about after she has backed a few steps.

Ants are very kind to each other in their work. If they push or tread on each other in their haste, they never fight about it.

The ants know how to work and how to rest. After a little hard work they stop, clean their bodies, take some food, and sleep.

As the making of the hall goes on, the ants bite off with their jaws bits of dirt, and roll them up with their feet. They soon use the hind part of the body to press and push the earth into a firm ball.

When the hall is two or three inches long, they make a room. The rooms are for eggs, for larvae, for pupae, and for food.

People who have studied much about ants have had them build nests in glass jars. Thus they have been able to see how they work.

To make a room, the ants often have to stand on their behind legs, and bite the earth off, as they reach up their heads. Sometimes the ant lies on its side, to clean off or smooth the side wall. They have been seen at work, lying on their backs, as men do in mines.

The jaws of the ant have tiny teeth. In old work ants the teeth are often quite worn off.

The feet and squaws of the ant are well made for digging. The feet have small hairs. By the aid of these the ants can run up a piece of glass, or hang on a wall, as you would say, "upside down."

An ant-hill is made of very many little halls and rooms. Some open into each other; some do not. The rooms are bedrooms, nurseries, pantries and dining-rooms.

Many of the rooms are shaped like a horseshoe. Some are round.

The ants press and knead the floors and walls to make them hard and smooth. Sometimes they line them with a sticky soil, like paste, to keep the earth from falling in.

Some ants seem to make a kind of glue, or varnish, with which they line their walls.

27.2.181 The Lame Crow

Selected Words

did not

TKEUPBLT

do you

TKOU

gate

GAET

Howe

HO*U

it was

T-FS

of the

-FT

road

RAOD

there was

THR-FS

to the

TOT

want to

TWAOPBT

want to

WA*PBT

when the

WHEPBT

where he

WRE

you are

R*U

you want

UPBT

Text

One day Mr. Howe found a baby crow with a broken leg. It was by the side of the gate near the road. Mr. Howe held the crow in his hand. It blinked its round eyes and flapped its wings.

Mr. Howe did not want the baby crow to die. He tide its leg with a splint and some string. Soon the crow could stand on one leg and watch Mr. Howe. When the leg was well, Mr. Howe took the crow to the place where he had found it. He thought it might fly away. But when he got home, there was the crow.

"Well," said Mr. Howe with a laugh. "Here you are again! Do you want to live with us?"

27.2.182 Untitled

Selected Words

Annie

APB AO*E

he think

HEPBG

I will

KWREUL

in the

TPH-T

is this

STH

on the

OPBT

out to

TPOUT

Rose

RO*ES

Rosy

RO*ES KWREU

to find

TOFPBD

who is

WHOS

you are

R*U

Text

Who is this girl in the hammock?

It is Annie Gray.

She came out with her best doll to swing.

She said, "Now, Rosy, I will put you to sleep. You are tired."

But Annie put herself to sleep, Rosy fell out.

Little dog Tip came out to find Annie.

He saw Rosy on the ground, and ran off with her.

Why did Tip do that?

Did he think Rosy would catch cold on the ground?

27.2.183 Good Things to Eat

Selected Words

city

STEU

is the

S-T

pumpkin

PUPL KIPB

sunshine

SUPB SHAO*EUPB

that is

THAS

things to

THOEUPBGS

things to the

THOEUPBGTS

to the

TOT

yum

KWR*UPL

Text

We grow much good food on our farm. Our plants have plenty of sunshine and rain. We take some things to the city to sell. Soon cold weather will come. That is the time when we must gather our pumpkins and corn and store them away. Jack says, "Pumpkin pie! Yum! Yum!"

27.2.184 More Fun than the Zoo

Selected Words

at the

TE

Henry

HEPB REU

hit it

THEUT

in a

TPHA*EU

into the

TPHAOT

Jim

SKWR*EUPL

on the

OPBT

one of

WUFPB

there were

THR-RP

this is

TH-S

tiny

TOEUPB

when the

WHEPBT

Text

One day Jim and Henry found a nest by the fence. A low bush almost hit it from sight. Jim moved a leaf and peeped inside. He saw five tiny eggs. The next day the mother bird was on the nest. She flew off when the boys came near, but she stayed close by. In a few days there were five baby birds. The boys watched the mother bird drop a worm into the big mouth of one of her babies.

"Maybe we won't scare the mother bird if we don't say a word," said Henry. "This is more fun than looking at birds in a cage at the zoo."

27.2.185 Untitled

Selected Words

in a

TPHA*EU

them to

THOEUPL

they could

THEBGD

to the

TOT

Text

Sam White took Fred down to the river to see a whale. when they got there, they found a big flat stone which Sam had taken for a whale. How silly of them to think they could see a whale in a river.

27.2.186 Untitled

Selected Words

and it

SKPEUT

do not

TKPHOT

from us

TPRUS

going to

TKPW*GS

I go

TKPWEU

I see

STPHAOE

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

is going

STKPW-G

is that

STHA

see it

STAOE

thank you

THA*UPBG

thank you

THAUPBG

that a

THA*

we are

WER

with you

WU

Text

Is that a cart? No, it is a wagon. My father is going to market. Father, may I go with you? Yes, Charley, get ready. Oh, thank you, father.

Now we are home again, and it is nearly dark. The stairs are coming out in the sky. They are far, far away from us. We do not see the stars in the daytime.

Hark! I hear a lark. Ah, I see it now. The dog in the yard barks at it.

27.2.187 Untitled

Selected Words

all right

HR-RT

All right

HRAOEURBLT

can I

KEU

do you

TKOU

full of

TPUFL

how much

HOUFP

I want

EUPT

I will

KWREUL

is a

SA*EU

is all right

SHR-RT

may have

PHAEUF

one is

SW*UPB

she is

SHES

she want

SHEPT

she wanted

SHEPTD

want to

TWAOPBT

want to

WA*PBT

wanted to

TWAOPBTD

what can

WHA*BG

Text

Annie Hall said she wanted to keep store.

So her brother Tom got some jars, and her mother gave her a dish full of apples.

Then Tom made the store for his little sister.

Jennie Brown came with her doll to play with Annie.

Well, child, what can I sell you today?

I want to buy an apple for Mary Day. She is ill.

Here is a nice large one.

Yes, that looks like a nice apple. How much do you ask for it?

This one is only two cents.

I will give you one cent, but I cannot pay you today.

Well, you may have it for one cent, and pay me tomorrow.

Then I will take one for Mary Day and one for my doll.

That is all right. Come again.

Thank you, I will. I will like your store.

27.2.188 Mrs. Fly and Her Foes

Selected Words

all the

AULT

and if

TPAPBD

and so

SAOPBD

as soon as

S-PBS

at once

TWUPBS

be the

BT

come out

KPHOUT

could not

KOPBLT

do not

TKPHOT

few of

TPAOUF

if the

TP-T

if you

TPU

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

in this

STHEUPBS

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

is too

STAO

it has

T-Z

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

likely to

THRAOEULG

more than

PH-RPB

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

of this

TH-F

on the

OPBT

one of

WUFPB

out to

TPOUT

part of the

PAFRT

she could

SHEBGD

should be

SHOB

should have

SHOUF

so many

SOEPL

that she

STHAE

that the

THAT

there are

THR-R

there were

THR-RP

they would

THELD

this is

TH-S

to be

TOB

up and

SKPUP

we should

WERBD

were not

WR-PBLT

when I

WHEU

when it

TWHEPB

where she

SWRE

will be

HR-B

with the

W-T

you will

HR*U

Text

I suppose you have heard your mother wish there were not so many flies. The fact is, flies make us much trouble. Their noise tires and vexes people. They lay eggs in and on the food, and so spoil it. They cover our clean walls and glass with small black spots.

Will you wonder that there are so many flies when I tell you that one fly can in one season be the mother of two million others!

Many insects die soon after laying eggs. Bees and wasps do not, nor do flies. Bees and wasps take care of their eggs and their young, but the mother does not.

Mrs. Fly has more than a hundred eggs to lay at once. It is quite plain that she could not take care of so many babies. She must let them all look out for themselves.

Still Mrs. Fly shows much sense as to where she puts her eggs. She finds a place where they will be likely to live and get food and grow.

If the place is too wet, the baby flies would drown when they leave the egg. If the place is too dry, they would wither up and die. Then, too, they must have soft food.

The fly does not lay her eggs on a stone or a piece of wood. She lays them in some kind of food.

The fly can live all summer if it has a fair chance. Cold kills flies. A frosty day will kill them. Some few flies, like a few of the wasps, hide, and live over winter in a torpid state, and in the spring they come out to rear new swarms.

Birds, spiders, wasps, cats, dogs, and some other animals eat flies. These creatures kill flies by millions. People kill flies with poison and flytraps. If so many were not killed, we should be overrun with them.

In the South is a plant with a leaf like a jug. On the seem of this leaf hang drops of honey. Its juice can make the flies drunk.

Flies like this juice. But as soon as they get it they turn dizzy and act just like drunken men. They fall into the jug-like space of the leaf and soon die. One of these plants will kill many flies in one day.

Many of our best birds live on flies, and if our birds were all dead we should have much greater trouble with the flies.

In the autumn you will see flies sitting about as if they feel dull and ill. If you look carefully, you will see that the back part of the body is white. It seems to be covered with meal or mould.

Soon the fly dice. This white dust is a disease of the fly. It does not curl up its legs when it dies from this cause. They are stiff and spread out. The fly looks like a live fly. If you touch it, it crumbles to dust.

All around such a dead fly you will see a ring of white mould. This is perhaps a real mould, or tiny plant, that seizes on the body of the fly. It uses up all the soft parts, and so kills it leaving only the dry shell.

There is another strange thing about this. The body of a fly that dice in this way is rent or burst open. The fly looks as if this dust or mould had grown large in the body and so torn it open.

27.2.189 Untitled

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

mousie

PHOUS *AOE

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

out of

OUFT

Text

One day a little mouse came out of her hole to hunt for some dinner. She found the pie that mother had put on the shelf.

"O my, how good that smells," said Miss Mousie. So she ate her dinner out of the side of our pie.

That day we had to go without pie for our dinner.

27.2.190 Untitled

Selected Words

do you

TKOU

I have

SREU

is not

S-PBLT

it a

TA*EU

it be

T-B

mamma

PHAPL PHA

Nellie

TPHEL AO*E

what a

WHA*

you think

UPBG

Text

Mamma, what do you think I have for you?

Is it a flower, Nellie?

No, mamma, not a flower. It is good to eat.

What can it be! An egg?

O no, mamma! It is not an egg.

Let me think. An apple?

Yes, a big sweet apple.

Thank you, Nellie. What a nice red apple!

I have one for Fred, too.

Fred likes sweet apples.

Do you like apples?

27.2.191 Shellfish

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

about the

PW-T

all of you

AUFL U

all the

AULT

and a

SKPA

and is

SKP-S

and will

SKP-L

are not

R-PBLT

as big as

SPWEUGS

at once

TWUPBS

could not

KOPBLT

front end

TPROEPBD

have an

SRA*EPB

have you

SRU

he has

HEZ

I shall

EURBL

idea of

KWR-FD

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

is an

SA*PB

is not

S-PBLT

is that

STHA

is the

S-T

is to

STO

it has

T-Z

learn about

PWHRERPB

likely to

THRAOEULG

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

of this

TH-F

off the

OFT

on the

OPBT

see it

STAOE

shall have

SH-F

some of

SPHOF

sort of

SOFRT

such as

SUFPS

that is

THAS

that the

THAT

them to

THOEUPL

there are

THR-R

these are

THAOERS

they could

THEBGD

things are

THREUPBGS

things that

THAEUPBGS

through the

THRUT

to find

TOFPBD

to have

TOF

to the

TOT

use it

TAOUS

used in

TPHAOUFD

very many

SR-RPL

very much

SR-FP

very well

SR-RL

we find

WEFPBD

what are

WHAR

will be

HR-B

will not

HR-PBLT

will say

HR-BZ

you can

UBG

you will

HR*U

Text

Have you not all heard the song, "Rock-a-by Baby upon the Tree-top"? What babies live in tree-tops? You will say, "Bird, wasp, bee, and spider babies swing in the trees."

Do you not know that there are small cradles that rock all day long on the waves?

Up and down, in the sun, on the water, rock the cradles of many shellfish.

What are shellfish?

They are soft animals that live in hard shells.

But you must know that these are not true fish. A true fish is an animal that lives in the water, and has a backbone. The backbone of a fish is very much like your backbone.

All fish can swim. Most of them have fins and scales. Very many of them have long, slim, smooth bodies that will glide easily through the water.

All of you can see fish, in the ponds, lakes, or brooks near your home. You often have them to eat on your table.

If you live in the city, you can go to the place where they selfish and look at them.

In some other book I may tell you a little about the true fishes.

In this book I shall now tell you a very little about what are called "shellfish."

This is not a very good name for them, but we will use it, because you will hear it from many people, and will often see it used in books.

The right name for these shellfish is a hard word, which means "soft body" or "off the things." That suits them very well, for they are all soft bodies, they have no bones.

There are in the water soft-bodied things that have no shells to cover them. In the next book we will tell you of some of them.

These soft things that live in shells are mostly of a round or a wedge shape. Their shells serve them for houses to live in, for ships to sail in, for coats to cover them, for bones to keep their soft bodies in shape.

The shells of these soft things are of many forms.

Some are all in one piece, like a twist or curl. Some have two parts, like the covers of a book. These two parts are held by a hinge. And some shells are made in many pieces or scales.

There are three kinds, or orders, of shellfish. One kind has a head on its foot. Another has a head much like that of the snail. Still another kind, or order, has no head at all!

Well! That is a queer thing, to have no head!

Let us learn first about the shellfish with a head and a foot.

There are many kinds of shellfish of this order. They differ in size, color, shape, and way of life. But if we learn about one, we shall have an idea of all.

You know that the hermit crab steals a shell to live in. It is often a long shell, like a curl. That is the sort of shell that shellfish with heads live in. It is a shell all in one piece.

These shells are very hard and thick.S , that? The fish in them is soft. It has no bones.

If these soft things had no hard shells, they could not live. The waves would kill them. The crabs, fish, and other animals in the sea, would eat them at once.

Let us see how a shellfish is made. The conch, or winkle, is the largest shellfish you will be likely to find. His body is soft but tough. It runs to a point.

That back part takes fast hold of the post in the shell, so that Mr. Conch will not drop out. On one side of his body he has a hook like a thumb. That is to pull him back into his shell when he wishes to hide.

The front end of the conch is wide and thick. Here we find his mouth. Near his mouth he has two feelers, such as insects have, to touch things.

Where the feelers join his head he has two eyes.

His foot is flat, and is as big as all the rest of his body. It is just the size of the open part of his shell. Why is that?

The shoe on his foot is hard, like horn. When he draws back into his shell, that shoe is his door. It fits close. It shuts him in safe in his shell.

27.2.192 Untitled

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

and you

SKPU

are you

RU

back to

TPWAOBG

I am

KWRAEUPL

is there

STHR

morning and

SKPHORPBG

this is

TH-S

this morning

TH-RPBG

who is

WHOS

will be

HR-B

years old

KWRAERLDZ

you will

HR*U

Text

This is Harry's birthday.

He is five years old.

He got up very early this morning and put on his new boots.

Then he ran to his papa's door and gave five knocks on it -- one, two, three, four, five.

"I am as old as that," he shouted. "Are you glad, papa?"

Then he ran to his grandma's door and gave five knocks.

"Who is there?" said grandma.

"I am here, grandma. I am just as old as that, now. I am quite a big boy, grandma."

"Go back to bed, and you will be a little man," said grandma.

"Ho! I am almost a man now," said Harry. "I am bigger with my new boots."

27.2.193 Our House

Selected Words

apple

AP L

flower

TPHRO*UR

gate

TKPWAET

in front

STPROPBT

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

it has

T-Z

porch

POFRPB

Text

Our house stands on a hill. It is white and green. It has a big porch in front.

There are many flowers in the yard. Around the yard is a white fence. An apple tree stands by the gate.

Should you like to see our house?

27.2.194 An Apple For Teacher

Selected Words

and I

SKPEU

is not

S-PBLT

Lee

HRAOE

pretty

PREUT

she said

SHEBS

teacher

TAOEFRP

thank you

THAUPBG

them to

THOEUPL

this morning

TH-RPBG

to the

TOT

we have

SWRAOE

will be

HR-B

Text

Jack and I are glad that we have apple trees on our farm. Our apples are very red and pretty. When they are ripe, we pick them. It is not good for them to fall to the ground.

Jack picked an apple for his teacher this morning. When he gave Miss Lee the apple, she said, "Thank you Jack. This will be good for my lunch."

27.2.195 Tom, the Train Boy

Selected Words

a lot

HROELT

and he

SKPE

are the

R-T

every day

*EFRD

every night

EFRPBT

he said

HEBS

he was

EFS

he would

ELD

I can

AOEUBG

it was

T-FS

out of

OUFT

very well

SR-RL

when I

WHEU

Text

Tom liked trains a lot. He liked them because he saw them every day. They went right by his house. Every morning a long black train went flying by, and every night it came flying back.

From the time he was a very little boy, Tom played train. His father gave him his very first set of trains when he was two. After that it was trains, trains, trains!

Tom would draw trains on paper. When he was three, he said, "I can make a train out of boxes." And he did. Sometimes he put six chairs in his room and played train.

When Tom's father came home from work, he would say, "Well, how are the trains today?"

And Tom would say, "Very well, Daddy. When I grow up, I'll work on a train."

27.2.196 What Are Homes For?

Selected Words

and the

SKP-T

are a

RA*

do not

TKPHOT

for the

TP-RT

go into

TKPWHAO

in the

TPH-T

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

is not

S-PBLT

is the

S-T

that you

THAU

when the

WHEPBT

Text

What does your home do for you?

Your home is the place where you keep warm in winter. Your home keeps away rain and snow and freezing wind.

Home is the place where you sleep and eat. It is the place where you work and play. It is a place where your friends come to visit.

Home is the place that your father and mother make for you. It is the place where they take care of you.

Do all animals use their homes in the same ways? Some animals use their homes to get away from cold winter. Which animals that you have read about make this use of their homes? Tell about other animals that go into the ground for the winter.

Some homes are used to store away food. What animals make a place for food in their homes?

Some homes are a place to hold the young. Birds make nests to hold the eggs and the young birds. When the young birds no longer need the nest, it is not used for a home.

Grown-up birds do not use the nest to get away from wind and rain. They find other places to go. The nest is just a bed for the young birds.

Most animals have some place to get away from rain and wind.

27.2.197 Mr. Worm at Home

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

and have

SKP-F

and so

SAOPBD

are not

R-PBLT

as a

SA*Z

as hard as

SHA*RDZ

as large as

SHRARPBLGS

as much

SPHUFP

as the

SAZ

at once

TWUPBS

come out

KPHOUT

do not

TKPHOT

early morning

ERPBLG

from the

TPR-T

have not

SR-PBLT

he wants

HEPTS

how much

HOUFP

I think

KWREUBG

if a

TPA*EU

if the

TP-T

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

is done

STKOPB

is like

SHRAOEUBG

is the

S-T

is to

STO

is to be

STOB

it a

TA*EU

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

little bit

PWHREULT

made of

PHAEFD

may find

PHAEUFPBD

of the

-FT

out of

OUFT

so many

SOEPL

some of

SPHOF

that is

THAS

that the

THAT

then the

THEPBT

there is

THR-LGS

they cannot

THEBG TPHOT

they do

TKHOE

they know

TH*EPB

things in

TPHEUPBGS

this is

TH-S

to be

TOB

turn it

THURPB

what he

WHAE

where the

W-RT

will find

HR-FPBD

will not

HR-PBLT

you can

UBG

you will

HR*U

Text

Baby worms are just like the parent worms, only smaller, and have not so many rings. As they grow, they get more rings by the dividing of the last one.

In some kinds of soil the wee worms are born in a little hard skin bag. This keeps them from harm, until they get strong enough to take care of themselves.

Mr. Worm's home is like a row of long halls. These halls are lined with a kind of glue from the worm's body. This glue makes the walls firm; then they will not fall in.

The halls are not very deep underground. If the weather is very cold, or very dry, the worms dig down deeper. Worms dislike cold or drought. They enjoy warmth. They also like water and wet soil.

When winter comes the worms plug up the doors of their houses. This is done by dragging into it a plant stem that will fit and fill it. The worms carry into their homes leaves and stalks to eat. They bring out, and throw away, things which they do not like.

Worms show much sense in the way in which they carry things in and out of their holes. If a stem will not go in, they turn it over, and try it in some other way.

Worms usually come out of their holes at night or in wet weather. If they go far from their house, they cannot find their way back. Then they make a new hole. Each worm lives alone.

Often in the evening or early morning, or during rain, you will see worms near their houses. You may find them with their heads just put out of their doors. You will see the worm casts in early day or after rain. It is then the worms dare to come out. Sun and heat dry worms up very fast, and so kill them.

The birds know all these ways of the worms. Watch a robin or a bluebird. He severance for his food at sunrise, or after sunset, or while it rains.

Now his keen eyes see the worm at his door! In goes his sharp bill! He pulls like a good fellow! He is hungry. He wants his breakfast. The worm holds fast by his hooks. The bird braces his feet and his tail, and tugs hard. Out comes the worm to feed Mr. Bird.

The bird shows great skill in the way he pulse the worm out of the hole. He does not break off even one little bit of his soft body. No boy could get him out in that way.

Some say that the worm lies by his door at sunrise for warmth. I do not think that is so. I think what he likes is the fresh dew. He loves dampness. He fierce cold, but he also dies of heat.

A worm will die in one day in dry air, but he will live for weeks quite down underwater. He needs an even, moist warmth. His home must not be hot, nor cold, nor dry.

Little young worms know how to dig houses, make worm casts, carry out the soil, find food, and plug up the door of their houses. They know at once all that old worms do. But then worm houses do not require as much skill as bee or wasp houses.

The seaside worms make the prettiest worm houses. On shells, stone, wood, or wound alone in a lump, you will find their tubes. They are white and as hard as shell.

These tubes curve and twist about, as the worm went that built them. Some are very pretty. There is a soft kind of tubed made of sand and bits of shell, stone, and weed. The sand and weed are held together by a kind of glue. The worm makes this glue in its mouth.

I have some tubes very clear and white. You can see the lines where the worm went when he built them, ring by ring. Some of these tubes are so small, you can just run a fine needle into them. Some are as large as a straw, and some as large as a fine, fat, earthworm.

Now you see how much is to be learned, even of such a small, humble thing as a worm. Think how much even such a weak creature can do!

27.2.198 What Is the Earth Like?

Selected Words

about the

PW-T

do you

TKOU

do you mean

TKOUPL

earth is

S*ERT

is the

S-T

of the

-FT

part of the

PAFRT

talk about

TPWAUBG

that is

THAS

that you

THAU

there are

THR-R

to the

TOT

when you

WHU

you mean

KWRAOUPL

Text

When you speak about the earth, what do you mean? Do you mean this planet, the earth? Do you mean the ground that your house is built upon? Do you mean the lands that you see on your globe? Just what do you mean when you talk about the earth?

Scientists tell us there are three parts to the earth. The land part of the earth is the solid part of the earth. The waters of the lakes, oceans, and rivers make up the liquid part of the earth. The air, or atmosphere, that is all around the land, is the gaseous part of the earth.

27.2.199 Untitled

Selected Words

is the

S-T

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

Text

Harry Hunt has a pet raccoon. A raccoon is the size of a cur dog. men hunt the raccoon by the light of the moon with dogs and guns.

27.2.200 The Friendly Toad

Selected Words

all the

AULT

and it

SKPEUT

and the

SKP-T

began to

STKPWAOPB

had a

HA

he has

HEZ

in a

TPHA*EU

is the

S-T

it could

T-BGD

it was

T-FS

of the

-FT

ready to

TKRAOE

to have

TOF

toad

TO*ED

will be

HR-B

Text

Andy was born on a farm. He has fun with all the animals. One warm day he saw a big toad hop along the garden path. Once the toad was a tadpole in a pond. It had a tail and it could swim like a fish. In a short time its legs began to grow, and then it lost its tail. It was ready to live on land. Andy made a pet of the brown toad. It likes to have him scratch its back with a long stick. Andy's father said, "Your toad seems sleepy now, but tonight he will be busy eating bugs. He is the farmer's friend."

27.2.201 Hands and Feet

Selected Words

able to

TAOEUBL

and a

SKPA

and so

SAOPBD

and the

SKP-T

we have

SWRAOE

Text

We have five toes on each foot, and four fingers and a thumb on each hand. The horses has four feet, and so has the dog and the cat and the mouse. Birds have but two feet. Snakes and worms have neither hands nor feet. Fishes, also, have neither hands nor feet, but they have fins and a tail, and with these they are able to swim very fast.

27.2.202 A Home for the Birds

Selected Words

a lot

HROELT

a lot of

HROEFLT

Dick

TK*EUBG

in the

TPH-T

inch

TPH-FP

lot of

HROFT

made of

PHAEFD

making

PHAEUG

of the

-FT

put it

TPUT

robin

ROB EUPB

stretching

STREFPG

they were

THERP

Text

One day Dick found a nest of robins under the roof of the porch. The nest was made of mud and dry grass. The mother robin was feeding worms to her babies. They were stretching their necks and making a lot of noise.

Soon Dick decided to make a home for a pair of wrens. He used a box about six inches high. He made a small hole for a box. Then he painted the house brown. He put it on a post in the yard.

"The wrens like their new home," said Dick.

27.2.203 Untitled

Selected Words

and feel

SKP-FL

at the

TE

going to

TKPW*GS

had a

HA

he could

HEBGD

I am

KWRAEUPL

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

starts to

STAORTS

this morning

TH-RPBG

through the

THRUT

to find

TOFPBD

Text

Ben Ward wants to find a strong string to put round a parcel of books. He starts to school this morning, and says he will strive to stand at the head of his class. If he had a strong strap with a buckle to put round his books, he could skip along without fear that his books would fall apart as he went.

Now I am going to swing on the lawn. I like to go swiftly through the air, and feel the rush of the wind on my cheeks.

27.2.204 Untitled

Selected Words

are you

RU

as you

AUZ

did not

TKEUPBLT

how shall

HOURB

I will

KWREUL

is the

S-T

pen and ink

PEPB SKP*EUPBG

she was

SHEFS

take the

TAEUBGT

this is

TH-S

what are

WHAR

when she

SWHE

when you

WHU

with your

WUR

you are

R*U

you can

UBG

you will

HR*U

Text

What are you doing, Nellie?

I am writing a letter to Aunt Lucy.

I will write a letter to Cousin Harry. May I take the pen and ink when you are done?

No, Tom, you must write with a pencil. You will spill the ink.

No, I won't spill it. Mamma, can't I take the ink?

I think you had better write with a pencil. Nellie did not write with ink when she was as young as you are. You can write better with a pencil.

When may I write with ink, mamma?

When you are as old as Nellie. Write with your pencil now.

Yes, I will. How shall I begin?

You must say, Dear Cousin Harry. Then you can tell him about your rabbit.

And I will ask him to come and see me.

Yes; and tell him that mamma and Nellie send love.

But mamma, how will Harry know who wrote it?

I will show you how to write the last part. This is the way.

Your loving cousin,

Tom

27.2.205 Garden Snakes

Selected Words

able to

TAOEUBL

as a

SA*Z

as you

AUZ

can find

K-FPBD

come out

KPHOUT

full of

TPUFL

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

may have

PHAEUF

of the

-FT

out of

OUFT

out to

TPOUT

ready to

TKRAOE

they can

THEBG

top of

TOFP

top of the

TOFPT

until the

TPH-LT

what a

WHA*

Text

Rock Hill is full of rocks, as you might guess from its name. Its sides are used by garden snakes as a winter home.

Eight or nine snakes come the first cold fall day, and maybe ten the next, and twenty more after that. Each snake makes its own home two or three feet under the ground. On warm days the snakes come out of their holes to sleep in the sun on top of the rocks. Once winter sets in, the snakes are ready to stay in their homes. There they sleep until the warm spring days bring them out to look for food.

Snakes spend their summer days in the woods or near garden pools where they can find the kind of food they like.

Late in the summer the mother snake has her babes. And what a family! She may have from ten to fifty children. She doesn't stay long with them or try to take care of them, because in a very short while they are able to catch their own food.

27.2.206 The Ants on a Trip

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

about the

PW-T

all the

AULT

an ant

APB APBT

and the

SKP-T

and was

SKP-FS

at once

TWUPBS

at the

TE

back to

TPWAOBG

did not

TKEUPBLT

down the

TKOUPBT

found that

TPHAOUPBD

from a

TPRA*

from the

TPR-T

full of

TPUFL

grown up

TKPWRUP

had a

HA

had the

H-T

half an hour

HAF TPHO*UR

have a

SRA

he says

HEBSZ

hit it

THEUT

how many

HOUPL

I think

KWREUBG

I was

EUFS

I will

KWREUL

if you

TPU

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

in this

STHEUPBS

into the

TPHAOT

it was

T-FS

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

of this

TH-F

on the

OPBT

one and

SKPWUPB

out of

OUFT

so I

SO*EU

that the

THAT

that time

THAPLT

there are

THR-R

they did

TKHE

they were

THERP

to have

TOF

to the

TOT

up to

TOUP

went into

TPWHAOEPBT

went to

TWOEPBT

when I

WHEU

will not

HR-PBLT

with the

W-T

Text

The round hole in the ant-hill is called the gate. The ants can close it, if they like, with a bit of stone. Often there are two, three, or even more, gates for one ant-hill. Once I saw a hill with six large gates.

Now I will tell you of a very queer ant-hill. It was made by big black ants, in a little valley between two hills of sand.

Into this valley had blown a very large sheet of thick paper. It had been around a ham and was very greasy. It had lain on the ground, crumpled up, in sun, and snow, and rain, for a year.

By that time it was hard and stiff, and weeds had grown up about it. One day, as I was going buy, I saw ants running in and out of the folds of the paper. I took a stick and turned the top fold open like a lid.

It was full of ants and of white pupa-cases. The ants, I think, liked the folds of the paper for halls, and the larger wrinkles for rooms. They had found out how to have a house without much work in making it.

But when I opened the hill, they ran in swarms to pick up the white bundles. Poor things! They did not know where to go for safety. So I laid the lid of their house back in its place, and soon they were quiet again.

Now I will tell you how ants move from one house to another. One day, I saw by my garden path a line of ants moving all one way. They were black ants.

They went two by two, or one and two, close to each other. Every one had in its jaws a white bundle. I found that they all came from an ant-hill. They came up out of the gate very fast, one by one, each with its bundle.

About two or three inches from this line of ants I saw another line. This line went to the hill, not from it. They went in good order.

They had no bundles when they went into the hill; when they came out, each had a bundle, and joined the other line of ants.

I went along with the stream of ants that had the white bundles. I found that they went to a new hill, about thirty feet from the old hill.

There they laid down their bundles, and went back to the old hill to bring more. The bundles lay heaped in a ring all about the gate of the new city.

Out of this gate ran up other ants in haste. They caught up the bundles, one by one, and carried them in. In about half an hour they were nearly all taken in, and the ants brought no more. The moving was over.

With a long blade of grass, I gentle took up a little bundle. I hit it behind a stone, some six inches off. I took three bundles and hid them, lifting them with the tip of the grass-blade.

When all the bundles left at the hill were carried in, the ants went down the gates. But in a minute out came three or four ants. They ran about wildly and searched the ground.

They went in circles and looked over the ground with much care. The circles grew wider. At last one came up hipped the stone and found the bundles.

The ant picked up one bundle and ran. Then this ant met the other ants, and, I think, told them the news. For at once the other ants ran up to the stone, and each took up a bundle.

Then they all ran into the hill. Can ants count? That looked as if they knew how many bundles they had. It also looked as if they knew that two ants must go for two bundles.

A man who took bundles from a march in this way thinks that the ants smell the hidden bundles. He says they will not search for them if you hide them in the earth.

27.2.207 Quickly Built Homes

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

and the

SKP-T

as the

SAZ

do not

TKPHOT

do you

TKOU

for the

TP-RT

ground in

TKPWHROUPBD

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

is not

S-PBLT

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

of a

AEUF

on the

OPBT

or the

ORT

seeing it

STAOEG

think of

THEUF

where the

W-RT

will not

HR-PBLT

you think

UPBG

Text

Not all birds are such fine builders as the Baltimore oriole and the hummingbird. Here is a nighthawk on its nest. The next page shows a whip-poor-will on its nest. What do you think of these nests?

The nighthawk sometimes lays her eggs on the ground. Sometimes she lays them on the flat roof of a building.

The nighthawk does not make a nest. She uses only a little sand or some small stones. All she needs is a place where the eggs will not roll away.

The eggs are spotted. They look like the place where they are laid. The young birds have gray spots. They look like the sand and the stones on the ground.

It is not easy for the nighthawk's enemies to see the eggs or the baby birds. Nighthawks do not need a better nest.

The whip-poor-will takes a little more time to make a nest. She puts two or three dry leaves together on the ground in the woods. These make her nest.

The mother whip-poor-will lace two eggs. They have big light-colored spots which make them look like the dry leaves.

You could walk by this nest without seeing it. Do you think the whip-poor-will makes a good kind of nest?

27.2.208 Untitled

Selected Words

in front

STPROPBT

in the

TPH-T

in this

STHEUPBS

to the

TOT

went to

TWOEPBT

will be

HR-B

Text

Donald and Jack went to the show. They had two tickets and took seats in front to see a tame monkey play with sticks and dance a jig on a tightrope.

The monkeys in this tree are wild. The old monkey has found a knife that some man left in the wood. He will be apt to hurt himself with it, for a monkey does not know how to use a knife. Monkeys can swing by the tail.

27.2.209 The Farmer Ants

Selected Words

above the

PWOFT

an ant

APB APBT

and all

SKPAUL

and the

SKP-T

as a

SA*Z

as large as

SHRARPBLGS

as the

SAZ

do not

TKPHOT

down the

TKOUPBT

end and

SKPEPBD

for the

TP-RT

from the

TPR-T

gather the

TKPWAERT

grain is

STKPWRAEUPB

have not

SR-PBLT

in a

TPHA*EU

in order

TPHORD

in the

TPH-T

in this

STHEUPBS

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

is also

SHR-S

is an

SA*PB

is like

SHRAOEUBG

it can

T-BG

it has

T-Z

it up

TUP

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

may not

PHAEUPBT

New Jersey

TPHURPBLG

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

off the

OFT

on the

OPBT

one of

WUFPB

one of the

WUFPBT

out to

TPOUT

over with

WOEFR

said that

STHAEUD

that has

THAZ

that the

THAT

that you

THAU

them to

THOEUPL

there are

THR-R

there is

THR-LGS

they do

TKHOE

they would

THELD

this is

TH-S

to find

TOFPBD

to its

TOEUTS

to the

TOT

up to

TOUP

when it

TWHEPB

which is

WEUS

which the

KH-T

will be

HR-B

will go

HR*G

will not

HR-PBLT

with your

WUR

you could

UBGD

you ever

UFR

you know

KWRAOUPB

Text

You have heard of the spider which makes a den in the ground. You know that it puts a trapdoor on its den, and plants ferns on the door to hide it.

The spider turns gardener in this way, and all his plants grow well. There is an ant that has a farm, or garden.

This ant lives in warm lands. In this country they are found in Texas, Florida, and in one or two other warm states.

These farmer ants raise grain to eat. The grain is a kind of grass with a large seed. It is called by some "ant-rice."

There is also a large ant which is fond of the seeds of the sunflower. It is said that the ants plant the sunflowers in a ring around their hill.

The ants have not been seen to carry the seed and plant it. So we may not be quite sure that they do so.

But it is very possible that the ant does plant seeds. You see there are yet in the world many things left for you to find out. It will be well for you to keep your eyes open.

The farmer ants do not live in a small hill that you could cover with your hand. Their hill, or disc, is sometimes flat, and sometimes high. It is often as large as a large room. It is in the shape of a circle.

In this circle all weeds and all kinds of grasses are cull down, except the one kind which the ants like. The earth of the disc is kept clean and smooth. Only the seeds of the ant-rice are left to grow.

When the ant-rice is ripe, the ants pick up the seeds as they fall, and take them into the hill to their storerooms.

It is most likely that as the ants let this ant-rice, and nothing else, grow on their hills, it sows itself by its fallen seed.

Still the ants are real farmers, as they keep their land clean. They tend and gather the crop, store it up, and eat it.

When the ant-rice is ripe, and the seeds have fallen, the ants cut down the old stems, and take them away. The disc is then clean for the next crop.

The ants will go a long way from their hill to find seeds to bring home. They like to go where horses have fed, for there they find scattered oats. In some lands they carry off much grain from the fields.

An ant in Florida climbs the stalk of the millet and cuts off the seeds. When ants take seeds to their hill, they husk and clean them. They throw bad seeds away.

The ants watch the seeds, and after rains carry them out to dry in the sun. This is because if left wet, they would sprout and grow.

Some ants also cut the seed, so that it will not sprout.

The ants eat the seeds that they gather. They also feed their young with them.

One ant in Florida rolls up into little balls the dust, or pollen, of pine cones, and stores that up to eat.

An ant in New Jersey cuts in pieces the little new pine trees, just as they get above the ground, and carries them to its nest.

Did you ever see the ant which likes sunflower seeds to eat? It is a large ant, and when it has climbed to the disk of the sunflower, it pulse out one of the ripe seeds and carries it away.

When people keep a nest of ants in order to watch their ways, they feed them with sugar, oats, apple seeds, and wheat.

How does the ant eat the hard grain? Its tongue is like a file, or something like that of the little shellfish of which I told you. The ant can rasp, file, and press the grain, so it can get at and lick up the oil and juice.

27.2.210 Playing with Magnets

Selected Words

and a

SKPA

are not

R-PBLT

as long

SHRO*PBG

as long as

SHROPBGS

at the

TE

because it

TPWAUS

fun to

TPOUPB

happens to

THAOPS

hold it

THAOELD

hold it

THOELD

how many

HOUPL

in this

STHEUPBS

into the

TPHAOT

made of

PHAEFD

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

off the

OFT

on the

OPBT

or the

ORT

out of

OUFT

some of

SPHOF

some of the

SOFPLT

take the

TAEUBGT

that a

THA*

that are

THAR

that you

THAU

things are

THREUPBGS

things that

THAEUPBGS

to find

TOFPBD

want to

TWAOPBT

want to

WA*PBT

what a

WHA*

when you

WHU

will not

HR-PBLT

will the

HR-T

you know

KWRAOUPB

you want

UPBT

Text

Many children have magnets for toys. It is real fun to play with a magnet. Even grown-up people like to see what a magnet can do.

Put a small nail across the ends of a magnet. Now hold the magnet any way you want to. Hold it right side up, or upside down. Swing it around and around. The nail stays on the magnet.

The nail comes off the magnet when someone pulls it off. It does not drop off. The magnet pulls the nail to itself.

Try to find some nails about as long as this:

Make a pile of twenty or thirty of these nails on your desk. Push the ends of the magnet into the pile of nails.

Now take the magnet out of the pile of nails. Many of these small nails stay on the magnet. Count to see how many nails the magnet will hold.

A small magnet will hold many kinds of small things. It will hold needles. It will hold some pins.

Put on your desk some pins, a small key, and other things that you see in this picture. Which ones will the magnet hold?

Some things will not stay on a magnet. Try a piece of paper. Try a gold ring. Try a ribbon and a piece of string.

What happens to these things when you try to put them on the magnet. Now you know that a magnet will hold some things, and that it will not hold others.

Do you know what a nail is made of? It is made of iron or steel. A needle is made of steel. Some pins are made of steel. A magnet holds each of these things because it is iron or steel.

Look again at the picture on page 137. Which of the things are made of iron or steel? Does the magnet hold them?

The magnet does not hold things that are not made of iron or steel. The ring is made of gold. The magnet will not hold a gold ring.

It will not hold the paper or the string or the ribbon. It will not hold some of the pins. These things are not made of iron or steel.

The magnet pulls to itself things that are made of iron or steel.

27.2.211 Bubbles

Selected Words

bubble

PWUBL

have a

SRA

little

HREUL

market

PHARBGT

pigs

PEUGZ

them to

THOEUPL

we have

SWRAOE

Text

Our pigs are very funny. They have long noses and short curly he tails. We have ten little pigs on our farm. They have a nice clean pen. When they are big, our father will send them to market.

Jack has a pet pig. Its name is Bubbles.

27.2.212 Untitled

Selected Words

and the

SKP-T

at the

TE

in this

STHEUPBS

is a

SA*EU

kee

K* *E *E

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

Rollin

KPA ROL *EUN

to the

TOT

Text

See my new book. It is a good book. I let Betsy the cook look at it.

Chan has hurt his foot on a crooked stick; so let us go and sit in this shady nook by the brook, and look at the rooks as they fly to the church steeple and alight upon it.

Yesterday Rollin Ray took a crook and shook it at the rooks, and the rooks flew off crying, "kee, kee."

27.2.213 Bob’s Letter to His Family

Selected Words

and I

SKPEU

have you

SRU

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

it was

T-FS

off the

OFT

on the

OPBT

them to

THOEUPL

to me

TPHE

to the

TOT

will you

HRU

with the

W-T

you should

URBD

Text

Dear Mother:

I got to the farm yesterday after a fine trip on the train. Uncle John met me with the wagon and his two big gray horses, Bess and Major. He brought some chickens in the wagon to send to the city, and I helped him to take off the boxes. Going home, we carried bags of feed. It was fun riding in the old wagon. I like to sit up on the high seat.

Aunt Jane is fine. She had supper all ready when we got home. You should see me drink this country milk and eat this homemade bread!

All the boys wear old clothes. What have you done with my old shirts from last summer? Stick them in a box and send them to me, will you? Mother, could you put in my football, too, please? The boys like to play football after supper.

How is Father? Tell him not to work too hard. Aunt Jane wants both of you to come up here some time this summer.

Your son,

Bob

27.2.214 Look for the Song Sparrow

Selected Words

are not

R-PBLT

as soon as

S-PBS

begin to

STKPWOEUPB

do not

TKPHOT

from the

TPR-T

if you

TPU

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

may have

PHAEUF

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

sparrow

SPAEUR ROE

start to

STAORT

that are

THAR

that is

THAS

there is

THR-LGS

they know

TH*EPB

through the

THRUT

to have

TOF

very well

SR-RL

you can

UBG

Text

If you live in the country, you have seen song sparrows. If you live in the city, you may have seen them, too. They live in the east and in the west. They live in the north and in the south.

Some song sparrows live in mountains. Others are found in lowlands. Many live in fields and woods where there is water. Others live in places that are very dry.

There are many kinds of song sparrows.

Song sparrow is a good name for this little brown bird. Most of the year you can hear his song.

Before winter's snow has gone away, song spare rows begin to come back from the south. They start to sing as soon as they are here.

A cold winter wind is blowing through the trees. A song sparrow sits on a limb with his feathers puffed out around him.

"Chirp, chirp!" The song sparrow's voice tells you that spring is on the way.

His first songs are not very pretty. He just goes, "Chirp, chirp, chirp!" But that is better than no song at all.

Song sparrows can live very well in the cold days before spring. They know where to look for food.

Many weeds grow along the side of the road and in the fields. Song sparrows find the weeds and eat the seeds.

The birds help farmers when they eat these seeds. Farmers do not like to have weeds on their farms. The seeds that are eaten by sparrow do not grow into more weeds.

27.2.215 Untitled

Selected Words

and was

SKP-FS

did not

TKEUPBLT

every day

*EFRD

he said

HEBS

in the

TPH-T

it was

T-FS

made of

PHAEFD

out of

OUFT

there were

THR-RP

when the

WHEPBT

Text

One day last June, Jim found a nest in the bushes down by the swamp. It was made of sticks and was lined with weeds. There were four little eggs in it.

When Jim told John about it, he said it was a blue jay's nest.

The boys did not meddle with this little home, but went every day and peeped into it.

They were glad when the little ones came out of their shells. After a while they had great fun watching Mr. And Mrs. Jay teaching their children to fly.

27.2.216 Untitled

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

as a

SA*Z

Text

A duck cannot fly as a little bird does. A duck has wings, but she cannot fly much. She cannot walk fast with her short legs.

27.2.217 Untitled

Selected Words

able to

TAOEUBL

Fisher

TPEURB *ER

had a

HA

Jack Frost

SKWRABG TPROFT

Lewis

HRAO*US

Lily

HR*EUL KWREU

of it

T-F

of the

-FT

out of

OUFT

up and

SKPUP

you can

UBG

Text

The boys have found a new pond a few yards away. You can get a view of it from this window.

"See! A crowd of children are on it now. Last night the high wind blew the snow off. A few twigs were strewn over the ice, but the boys soon threw these out of the way.

What fine fun they have! With what glee they glide along!

One boy has had a tumble, but he will soon be up and away again.

Little Lewis Fisher is just able to go alone. See how frightened he looks; but his sister, Lily, can skate well. She learned last winter.

What a good friend Jack Frost is, to give girls and boys such a jolly time!

27.2.218 Our Pets

Selected Words

all the

AULT

bossy

BOS KWREU

have you

SRU

I say

EUBZ

I think

KWREUBG

if I

TPEU

into the

TPHAOT

lets

HR*ETS

ones

WUPBZ

ones that

TWHAUPBZ

that want

THAPT

there are

THR-R

they would

THELD

towser

TOES *ER

we have

SWRAOE

what I

WHAEU

Text

Have you any pets around your house?

We have some pets. We have Towser, our dog, and Bossy, our old brown cow. Then there are three cats -- a big yellow one, and two little black ones that want milk all the time.

Last of all, we have two very funny pets -- two white pigs. Once they came right into the house, I think they would get on my bed if I let them! They will do what I say if I give them apples, because they love apples.

27.2.219 Fairies’ Luck

Selected Words

and he

SKPE

and she

SKPHE

at a

T*A

in a

TPHA*EU

it was

T-FS

magic

SKWREUBG

of the

-FT

said that

STHAEUD

shut up

SHUP

them to

THOEUPL

through the

THRUT

to be

TOB

to find

TOFPBD

when the

WHEPBT

would be

WOB

Text

The fairy prince and princess were shut up in a tall tower. The wicked witch had cast a spell over them, and there seemed to be no way for them to save themselves. It had all happened when the fairies were walking through the wood. The princess said her feet hurt her, and she drew off her silver boots. Without her boots, she had no magic. When the wicked witch chanced to come by, she worked her spell.

One morning a bird whose wing was hurt lighted at a window of the tower. The princess took him in and cared for him. The bird spent a week there until his wing was well. When the princess told him her sad tale, the bird said that his first act when he left would be to find the boots. And he did. It was a wonderful piece of luck! In less than an hour he flew up with both boots in his bill. The prince and princess were free!

27.2.220 Untitled

Selected Words

and a

SKPA

as the

SAZ

in a

TPHA*EU

listen to

THROEUFPB

of the

-FT

to the

TOT

Text

See the snow, and a hear the wind blow, and listen to the cock crow as the hens go up the tree to roost.

Go slowly and speak in a low tone till you get outside of the schoolhouse. Now, boys and girls, you may shout.

27.2.221 Untitled

Selected Words

and a

SKPA

at the

TE

do not

TKPHOT

I am

KWRAEUPL

I was

EUFS

in the

TPH-T

she has

SHEZ

she was

SHEFS

so many

SOEPL

to have

TOF

years old

KWRAERLDZ

Text

See, my feet are bare. I like to go bare-foot in the summer; do not you cousin Anna?

Oh, Eddy, I am too old to go bare-foot. Take care lest you stub your toe.

Claire has a pair of new boots. Her father had them made for her in town. She has a rocking chair, too, that her mother gave her the day she was four years old. I was there at the time.

Well, Anna, I am glad Claire has new boots to wear and a rocking chair. My papa and mamma give me so many nice things, and Claire ought to have some too.

27.2.222 School Time

Selected Words

are not

R-PBLT

have not

SR-PBLT

in the

TPH-T

is the

S-T

so long

SHROPBG

so long as

SHROEPBGS

they were

THERP

Text

Your town is awake now. Trucks and wagons make the street a busy place.

It is time for people to go to their work. It is time for boys and girls to go to school.

The shadows are not so long as they were. Your town is growing warmer. People have not buttoned their coats to keep warm. Children walk to school in the warm sunshine.

Where is the sun now?

27.2.223 Untitled

Selected Words

did you

TKU

he say

HEBZ

Horner

HORPB *ER

in the

TPH-T

who can

WHOBG

you ever

UFR

Text

Did you ever hear the story of little Jack Horner?

Where did he sit?

What was he doing?

What did he put in the pie?

What did he get?

What did he say then?

Now who can tell me the story of little Jack Horner?

27.2.224 Song Sparrows in Winter

Selected Words

are not

R-PBLT

in the

TPH-T

on the

OPBT

ready to

TKRAOE

sparrow

SPAEUR ROE

through the

THRUT

to the

TOT

very well

SR-RL

Text

All through the fall many birds are leaving their summer homes. Bluebirds, robins, wrens, yellow warblers, swallows, deduction -- all fly south to winter homes.

But song sparrows are not ready to fly away. They spend the fall in the homes where they lived all summer. They scratch in the leaves. They look for insect. They eat the seeds of many weeds. They have fine, warm coats of feathers. They live very well in the cold fall days.

At last the snow comes. Cold winds blow the song spare rows about. Then they, too, start for a warm home to the south.

They stay there for a short time. Then back they come. Again you hear their songs that tell you spring is on the way.

27.2.225 How to Tell Good Apples

Selected Words

and so

SAOPBD

are the

R-T

at the

TE

did not

TKEUPBLT

did the

TK-T

he said

HEBS

if you

TPU

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

it's

T*S

or not

ORPBT

she said

SHEBS

to the

TOT

where are

WR-R

you want

UPBT

you will

HR*U

Text

One morning Jane was going down to the store for her mother.

"Look over the apples, Jane," said her mother. "If you see some apples that look good, bring some home for us to eat."

When Jane got to the store, she said, "Where are the apples? Where are they?" At first she did not see an apple in the store. Then she found some big ones in a box and some little ones next to them. The big apples looked good to eat, and so did the little once.

The man at the store saw Jane looking over the apples. "Well, Jane," he said, "If you want good apples, don't just look them over. Take an apple and eat it. Then you will know if it's good or not!" And Jane did.

27.2.226 The Ants at Home

Selected Words

able to

TAOEUBL

about the

PW-T

and have

SKP-F

and she

SKPHE

and the

SKP-T

are the

R-T

as the

SAZ

at the

TE

before the

PW-FRT

begin to

STKPWOEUPB

cover the

TKOUFRBT

do not

TKPHOT

down in

TKPHOUPB

for the

TP-RT

found out that

TPOUPBD THOT

has been

HAB

has not

HAEPBLT

have a

SRA

how the

HOUT

I have

SREU

I will

KWREUL

if a

TPA*EU

if you

TPU

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

into the

TPHAOT

is done

STKOPB

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

off and

SKPOF

off the

OFT

on the

OPBT

out and

SKPOUT

out of

OUFT

she has

SHEZ

them to

THOEUPL

there are

THR-R

these are

THAOERS

they do

TKHOE

they know

TH*EPB

this is

TH-S

to the

TOT

too many

TAOPL

turn it

THURPB

we have

SWRAOE

we say

WEBZ

when the

WHEPBT

when you

WHU

will be

HR-B

would be

WOB

you will

HR*U

you would

ULD

Text

We have taken a look at the ants and have seen how the hill is made. Let us now see how the ants live in their hill-home.

When we go to visit them, we shall find ants running all about the hill and in the halls. These are the work ants. Some seem to stand on the hill to watch lest any danger may come near.

When the drone ants and the queens are young, the work ants let them go out and fly. When they go out, the drones do not often come back. They get lost or die.

The young queens come back, except those who go off to make new hills. But when the young queen settles down in life, to her work of laying eggs, the workers do not let her leave the hill any more.

How do they keep her in? If she has not taken off her pretty wings, they take them off and throw them away! If she tries to walk off, a worker picks her up in its jaws and carries her back.

The ants are kind to their queen. They feed her and pet her, and she becomes very lazy. She does not even care to lay her eggs in a nice clean place.

The idle queen drops her eggs anywhere. The kind worker ants pick them up, and take them to a soft bedroom.

When there are too many young queens in one hill, they do not have a war, as the bees do. The workers settle the trouble, by taking off the wings of the young queens, and turning them into work ants. This is done before the queens begin to lay eggs.

Newborn ants and queens, who do not go out into the sunshine are of a light color. The other ants are dark.

In cold, wet weather the ants stay at home. If a rain comes up when they are out, they hurry home. Early in the day, and late in the afternoon, they all seem very busy. In the hot hours of the day they stay in the hill and rest.

In very hot lands the ants stir about all winter. Such ants lay up stores of food. You shall hear of them by and by. In cooler lands, during winter, the ants are asleep, or, as we say, are torpid.

The young swarms usually go out in autumn. I have seen very large swarms in the spring.

Ants like sugar and honey best of all food. They get honey from flowers, and in other ways of which I will soon tell you. Some like seeds which have a sweet taste. For this reason they eat some kinds of grass seeds, oats, apple seeds, and such things.

Ants take their food by licking it. Their little rough tongues wear away bits of the seed; they also suck up the oil and juice. They seem to press the food with their jaws.

It has been found out that they know how to moisten their food and make it soft. If you give them dry sure or cake, they turn it into a kind of paste or honey.

If you put a nest of ants into a large glass jar, and put some food nearby for the ants to eat, they may settle down in the jar, to make a home. If you cover the outside of the jar with thick, dark paper, the ants may build close to the glass. Then, when you take off the paper, you will be able to see the halls and storerooms.

You might put such a jar in a safe place out of doors. Then you would be able to study the ants, as they roam around nearby, or do their work inside the jar.

27.2.227 Untitled

Selected Words

are a

RA*

been to

TPWOPB

have been

SR-B

have you

SRU

have you been

SRUB

I have

SREU

I have been

EUFB

is a

SA*EU

what I

WHAEU

where have

WR-F

Willie

WEUL AO*E

you are

R*U

Text

Where have you been, Willie?

I have been to walk with Jane.

See what I have for you, mamma. It is a pretty flower.

Thank you, Willie. You are a good boy to give me such a pretty rose.

27.2.228 Noon

Selected Words

down the

TKOUPBT

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

is the

S-T

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

out of

OUFT

they cannot

THEBG TPHOT

up and

SKPUP

walk in

TPWHAUBG

Text

Your town is a busy town. Trucks and wagons go up and down the streets. People go in and out of stores. The clock strikes twelve. It is noon.

Many people are walking on the street. They walk along in the sunshine. They cannot walk in the shadows now. At noon shadows are very short.

Most of the people have taken off their coats. Noon is a warm time of day.

Where is the sun now?

27.2.229 Untitled

Selected Words

but it

TPWUT

Charlie

KHARL AO*E

have a

SRA

on the

OPBT

this would

TH-LD

to feel

TOFL

to the

TOT

will not

HR-PBLT

would be

WOB

Text

"I believe this would be a fine day to fly kites," said Hugh to Charlie, "tell the boys to bring their kites down to the field."

"They have a fine large field down by the river in which to play, and their chief fun just now is kite-flying.

Hugh has a big kite, but it will not fly, so he is tying a piece of cloth to the tail.

Charlie's small kite is flying high.

He say it is good sport to feel the pull on the string.

27.2.230 Mr. Worm at Work

Selected Words

all the

AULT

and can

SKP-BG

and so

SAOPBD

and so on

KPAOPB

and to

TAOPBD

are the

R-T

as the

SAZ

but it

TPWUT

call the

KAULT

can be

K-B

can find

K-FPBD

for the

TP-RT

from the

TPR-T

he wants

HEPTS

helped to

THOEPD

I have

SREU

I said

EUBS

in all

TPHAUL

in the

TPH-T

is done

STKOPB

is not

S-PBLT

is the

S-T

it was

T-FS

just to

STKWROUFT

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

of this

TH-F

off the

OFT

on and

SKPOPB

on the

OPBT

on the other hand

TPHOERPBD

out of

OUFT

said that

STHAEUD

shown to

STHOEPB

so many

SOEPL

so you

SOU

that is

THAS

that the

THAT

that you

THAU

there are

THR-R

this is

TH-S

through the

THRUT

to be

TOB

to the

TOT

top of

TOFP

top of the

TOFPT

we are

WER

when the

WHEPBT

which the

KH-T

with the

W-T

you can

UBG

you could

UBGD

you will

HR*U

Text

Worms are found in all parts of the world. I have told you that they help to build the world, and make it fit for the home of man.

Man cannot live without food. He gets his food from the earth. The worms help to fit the earth to bring forth the food of men.

Oh, this is very strange, that humble and dirty worms can be a help to man! Man is the highest of all animals. Worms are nearly the lowest. And can worms help man?

Now let us see how this is done.

The worms live underground. They make long, winding halls, like streets, some inches blow the topsoil. These halls, or little tunnels, help to keep the earth loose, so that the fine roosts of the plants can grow well in it. These tunnels also serve to help the air move more easily through the soil. By their constant motion below the surface the worms till the earth, as rakes, spades, or ploughs till it above. All this is of great us, and people say, "Many worms, rich land." Now and then you will hear, on the other hand, that the worms have eaten up the seed sown. Or, people say the worms have bitten off the roots of the plants. Some say that the worms cut the vines below the soil.

You need not think the earthworms did that. Not at all! The earthworms never behave so ill. The "worms" that people mean, when they speak of this harm done, are the grubs or larvae of some insects, as of the daddy-log-legs and others.

These grubs and cut-worms will eat living plants, but Mr. Worm likes dead leaves and stems best. He wants his food made soft by decay.

Now we come to the chief work of the true earthworms. When they make their halls and houses they fill their long bodies with the earth. Some say it is their food.

Mrs. Darwin says, "Oh, no! They fill their bodies with earth just to get it out of their way." If they get any food from the dirt it is not much. They turn themselves into baskets to carry the dirt out from their house.

The worms work, worm, worm all the time, taking out earth, and carrying it to the top of the ground.

There they pile it in heaps, called worm-casts. Each piece is the shape of a small worm.

The earth takes this shape as the worm presses it out of its long, soft body. Early in the day you can find these worm-casts over all the garden paths. So you can after a rain.

There are so many worms busy all the time that each year they bring up tons of earth. Thinks shows you the power that is in small, week things. In India there are worm-casts in heaps six inches high.

The worms make the earth fine and loose, by pinching it off with their mouths. Then they bring this rich soil from below, and lay it on top, and so on and on.

It is only some twenty years since the work of worms was known. At first people said, "Oh, no, no! It cannot be that little, soft worms could cover a great field, some inches deep, with new earth." But it was shown to be quite true.

Fields once stony and hard have become rich and fine. Things grow now where once scarcely anything would grow. Ashes and gravel, once on top, go two or three inches below.

All this is done by the busy worms. That is why I said that you could call the tail end of the worm the tool with which he helps to build the world.

Worms at work underground have caused great walls and pavements to sink, as the earth sinks over mines. Also, they have helped to bury ruins and old cities, and to keep them safe hidden, until we found them. We are glad when we learn of the Old World days, from ruins which the worms helped to hide.

Then, too, the worms help make the soil rich, by the dead leaves and stems which they drag into their holes to decay. When the worms die, their bodies also help to make the earth rich.

27.2.231 Untitled

Selected Words

anchor

APB KOR

and he

SKPE

going to

TKPW*GS

have to

STRO

have to

STRO

he says

HEBSZ

is a

SA*EU

is going

STKPW-G

oyster

OEUFRT

so much

SOFP

there is

THR-LGS

will not

HR-PBLT

Text

Jack is a sailor boy. See what an even coil he is making with that thick rope.

His sailor suit looks very clean, but he will soon soil it, as there is always so much oil about a ship.

What a noise the men make when they hoist the anchor up. Sailors have to toil hard, but they enjoy their work and love the sea.

Jack's boat is going to fish for oysters, and he will not be home for days. He says he will bring a pearl home to his mother.

27.2.232 The White Rabbit

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

all day

AULD

all the

AULT

have a

SRA

we have

SWRAOE

will you

HRU

Text

We have a little white rabbit at school. The boys and girls have made a house for him.

They play with him, and they give him something to eat. That little white rabbit is eating all the time! Rabbits like to eat and eat. They eat all day!

Come to see our little white rabbit at school. Come and bring him something good to eat, will you?

27.2.233 The Helpers’ Club

Selected Words

if you

TPU

it up

TUP

who I

WHOEU

who is

WHOS

Text

The Helpers' Club in Miss Blake's room wrote this list of things for club members to do:

1. Send a bunch of flowers or write a note to a friend who is ill.

2. Always offer to help anyone who is carrying a heavy load of books to his room.

3. Be sure to wipe your feet before you enter the building.

4. If you bring in mud on your shoes, get a broom and sweep it up.

5. If you see someone slip and fall, help him to get up.

Can you add other rules for a good helper?

27.2.234 What Baby Wanted

Selected Words

did not

TKEUPBLT

do you

TKOU

he wants

HEPTS

I know

KWR-PB

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

oh

O*ERBGS

she said

SHEBS

this is

TH-S

want to

TWAOPBT

want to

WA*PBT

you want

UPBT

Text

"Do you want some milk, Baby?" asked Baby's mother. "You like milk."

But Baby did not want the milk.

"Do you want this ball, Baby?" she said. "Look at this pretty ball. Do you want to play with it?" But Baby did not want'll ball.

"I know what Baby wants," said Mother. "He wants his old brown rabbit."

She got out the old brown rabbit. "This is what my baby wants," she said.

Mother gave Baby the rabbit, and Baby said, "Oh! Oh! Oh!"

27.2.235 The Earth Spins Like a Top

Selected Words

did you

TKU

earth is

S*ERT

have to

STRO

have to

STRO

in a

TPHA*EU

is not

S-PBLT

it has

T-Z

long, long

HROPBG HROPBG

millions of

PHOEUFPBS

millions of

PHOEUFPBS

on the

OPBT

you ever

UFR

Text

Did you ever spin a top? It turns round and round on the smooth table. It spins very fast.

The big round earth is spinning, too. It goes round and round just as your top does.

The top is small. Our earth is large. The top spins around many times in a minute. The earth is so large that it spins around only once in twenty-four hours.

You have to keep on spinning your top. It stops every minute or so. Then you have to spin it all over again. The earth is not like that. Some great force started our earth spinning long, long ago. It has never stopped. It has kept right on spinning around all these millions of years.

27.2.236 Untitled

Selected Words

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

Text

Look at Fred on his pony. How well he rides! The pony trots off very fast.

Can you ride a pony?

27.2.237 Father Sells Butter and Eggs

Selected Words

and a

SKPA

dozen

TKOZ

got a

TKPWAOEUT

grocer

TKPWROES ER

hammer

HAERPL

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

out of

OUFT

sugar

SHUG

to the

TOT

we were

WERP

went to

TWOEPBT

were not

WR-PBLT

when I

WHEU

Text

One day last week Father took us to town.

We got up at six o'clock. It took us only an hour to make the trip.

Father sold some butter and four dozen eggs to the grocer. He bought some sugar for Mother's pies. Then we went to another store on the next street. We got a hammer and a saw.

On the way out of the city I went to sleep. When I woke, we were not far from home.

27.2.238 Wonder Ants

Selected Words

about the

PW-T

all of

A*UFL

all of the

AUFLT

all the

AULT

an ant

APB APBT

and also

SKPALS

and is

SKP-S

are not

R-PBLT

as it

TAZ

as the

SAZ

at the

TE

but it

TPWUT

can be

K-B

four days

from the

TPR-T

have been

SR-B

I have

SREU

if you

TPU

in a

TPHA*EU

in our

TPHOUR

in the

TPH-T

is a

SA*EU

is too

STAO

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

much as

PHUFPS

of the

-FT

of this

TH-F

on the

OPBT

so the

SOT

than the

THAPBT

that is

THAS

them to

THOEUPL

these are

THAOERS

they do

TKHOE

they know

TH*EPB

they want

THEPT

this is

TH-S

to the

TOT

what are

WHAR

why not

KWR-PBLT

will be

HR-B

will you

HRU

you do

TKO*U

you know

KWRAOUPB

Text

You may perhaps read of what are called "Termites," or White Ants. You must not think that these are true ants, for they are not. They belong to another order of insects. They have four wings all of the same size. But true ants have one pair of wings smaller than the other. The white ants live in the ground and also in trees. They do much harm by gnawing wood and trees. They swarm into houses, and eat the tables and chairs and such things. They eat all kinds of food. They are much like real ants in their ways. They are many of them in our country.

Now you much hear about the ants that keep cows. I have told you that ants like honey. They take all their food by lapping and sucking it. They suck honey from flowers.

If you look at the plants in the garden or house, you may see on the leaves some very small green things, that seem to eat the leaves. Your mother will tell you these are "plant lice," and that they spoil her plants.

The name of this little insect is Aphis. That is a very pretty name. The aphis is very small, and is often of the color of the leaf it feeds on.

This wee thing can make honey in its body much as bees do. But the aphis does not store up the honey; it drops it on the leaf as it feeds. This is called "honey dew."

The ants eat the honey dew from the leaves, and they know that it comes from the aphis. They stroke and tap the aphis with their feelers, so that more dew will be let fall.

Have you seen the milk maid go from cow to cow, and fill her pail with milk? So the ants go from one aphis to another, until they get all the honey they want.

The ants can carry home this honey, and give it to others. The nurse ants will carry it to the baby ants. The workers take it to the queens, owners, and soldiers.

The aphis is called "the ant's cow." A hill of ants will seem to own a heard of these wee green cows. They go to them on their leaf, and get the honey. They know and claim their own cows. It is just like having a drove of cows in pasture, as the farmer does.

But you know that people often keep cows in stables and feed them there. The ant has this way also.

There is a kind of aphis that loves the dark and feeds on roots. Some ants keep a herd of these, hidden in the ground. They pet, stroke, and clean them to get their honey dew.

Ants have been seen to fight for days over a heard of aphis-cows. One hill of ants had no cows, and they tried to steal the cows that belonged to another hill.

After four days the lady that watched them got twenty cows, and gave them to the hill that had none.

Then the war ended.

The ants which got the new cows seemed very glad. They licked and petted the cows, and put them in a safe place. They took honey from them and fed the soldiers.

This seems just like a fairy tale. But it is quite true. All these things can be seen if you look out for them. But you must be patient and anxious to learn.

In warm summer days, when your mother tells you that it is too hot to run about much, what will you do? Why not make a tent of an umbrella, placed near an ant-hill, and watch these pretty and curious little creatures?

27.2.239 Peter Goes to Town

Selected Words

and a

SKPA

down the

TKOUPBT

fun to

TPOUPB

I think

KWREUBG

into the

TPHAOT

is the

S-T

shoe

SHAOU

so fast

SOFZ

so many

SOEPL

there are

THR-R

there is

THR-LGS

things to

THOEUPBGS

went to

TWOEPBT

Text

Once a year Peter's mother brought him to town to get some new clothes.

"I think it's fun to come to town, Mother, don't you?" said Peter.

"Yes, I do, "Said Mother. "There are so many things to see."

First, Peter and his mother went to a store to get a winter coat. Peter was growing so fast that his last year's coat was much too little for him. They took a nice brown coat and a hat to go with it.

At another store down the street Peter got two suits -- a blue suit for best and a brown suit for school. Next he got new shoes.

All of Peter's new things were put into boxes. Peter put every box into the car.

When the last box was in, Mother said, "Only one more store now, Peter. There is the toy store."

To Peter the toy store was the best one in town!

27.2.240 How Cal Nearly Lost His Sheep

Selected Words

at the

TE

before the

PW-FRT

began to

STKPWAOPB

Cal

KPA KAL

down in

TKPHOUPB

had a

HA

in the

TPH-T

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

on that

THAOPB

other side

O*ERDZ

out of

OUFT

over and

SKPOEFR

talking about

TPWAUG

that time

THAPLT

there were

THR-RP

through the

THRUT

to the

TOT

up to

TOUP

went to

TWOEPBT

with the

W-T

Text

One winter Cal almost lost his sheep. He had about a hundred down in the field at the end of the old road. Before the really cold time came, Cal's father began talking about his riding down and getting the sheep up to their own barns.

Now Cal had a round, red face, and when he laughed everyone liked him. But he had away of putting things off, as he did with the sheep.

Cal went to bed early one night, and that same night it began to snow. He didn't know it until morning. Then he jumped out of bed and began to throw on his clothes. He rode his black horse through the snow down to the field. There were no sheep.

Cal thought of the old barn at the other side of the field, with no doors or windows and not much of a floor. Could they have gone there? He rode over and found them -- cold, hungry sheep.

Back went Cal to get help to clear the road. Men and horses came, and by night the sheep were home. Cal learned a lesson that time!

27.2.241 Betty’s Letter to Mary

Selected Words

and I

SKPEU

and to

TAOPBD

any of

TPHEUF

have to

STRO

have to

STRO

I can

AOEUBG

in our

TPHOUR

in the

TPH-T

one of

WUFPB

or the

ORT

plays

PHRAEUZ

Snow White

STPHOE WHAOEUT

so much

SOFP

to me

TPHE

we have

SWRAOE

Text

Dear Mary:

I am in the second grade this year. We have so much fun in our room.

Sometimes we put on plays. We read a story in one of our books. Then we make it into a play. We dress up in some old clothes that we have made over.

I like playing the mother or the grandmother in the story because then I can do my hair up on my head and put on a long dress.

The first grade comes to our room to see our plays. The play they liked best was the story of "The Easter Rabbit". The first grade teacher liked our play about "Snow White" the best of all.

We have to work in the second grade, too, Mary. I can read any of our books, and I write letters to my grandmother and to all my friends. Write to me soon.

Love,

Betty

27.2.242 Water on the Earth

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

as it

TAZ

as you

AUZ

at the

TE

can find

K-FPBD

in a

TPHA*EU

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

may be

PHA*EUB

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

part of the

PAFRT

there is

THR-LGS

to find

TOFPBD

you can

UBG

Text

As Ann said, there is much water on the earth, in oceans, lakes, and rivers.

Most of you can find running water in a brook or river. Watch the water as it runs along.

How much water runs by as you stand and look at it! Enough water to fill many tanks runs through a little brook in one day.

Try to find a map of the world in your room. The water on the map may be blue or green. The land part of the map is some other color. Look at the water part of the world. The map shows that there is more water than land on the earth.

27.2.243 Of What Use are Flies?

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

all the

AULT

and all

SKPAUL

and so

SAOPBD

as fast as

STPAFTS

at one

TWUPB

begin to

STKPWOEUPB

call the

KAULT

do not

TKPHOT

do you

TKOU

find it

TPHAOEUPBD

full of

TPUFL

how often

HOUFPB

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

in this

STHEUPBS

is not

S-PBLT

is the

S-T

is to

STO

learned that

THRAERPBD

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

on the

OPBT

one of

WUFPB

so fast

SOFZ

so the

SOT

some of

SPHOF

that the

THAT

there are

THR-R

there were

THR-RP

these are

THAOERS

they can

THEBG

things that

THAEUPBGS

this would

TH-LD

though the

THOET

we find

WEFPBD

we should

WERBD

what is

SWHA*

what you

WHAU

which can

KH-BG

without it

TWOUT

you ever

UFR

you know

KWRAOUPB

you think

UPBG

you will

HR*U

Text

How often people cry out, "Oh, I wish there were no flies! What is the use of a fly?"

But all things that God has made have their uses. And all God's works are worthy of study.

You have learned that worms are of great use. Let us see if Mrs. Fly does any good in the world.

Mrs. Fly is of great use to man. She helps keep him in health. Do you think that very strange?

People say, "Oh, these dirty flies!" And yet these "dirty flies" help to keep the world clean!

Now you know that over all the world, greet numbers of animals die each minute, and many of their bodies lie on the ground and decay.

The foul smell of such bodies in decay causes disease and death to men. In winter, and in cold places, such things do not decay so fast, and so do not make these bad odors.

But in hot days, if such dead things lie about, they will poison the air. Soon we should all be ill.

The work of Mrs. Fly is to lay many eggs in these dead bodies. In a few hours these eggs turn to grubs, and these grubs to little live worms, which begin to eat as fast as they can.

Soon they leave only dry bones, which can do no harm. They change the dead stuff into their own fat, live bodies.

You know that the crabs are among the street-cleaners of the sea. So the flies are among the street-cleaners of the air and land.

Did you ever watch flies dart about, here and there, with a flight like hawks? They are eating up small, evil things, too small for us to see. But these are yet big enough to hurt us if we should get them into our lungs.

Ask your teacher to tell you a little about your lungs.

In and about our homes many bits of things drop, and might decay and mould. This would make the air foul. But the busy and greedy fly drinks up all the soft part of these things.

So we see that what we call the dirty flies help to clean away much dirt.

Then, too, the fly serves for food for many birds, and fish, and frogs, and some insects. Some of these things we use for our food. Others are full of beauty, or are of use to us, each in its own way.

Thus, though the fly is often a trouble to us, we find it is not without its uses. Look at one of these little creatures through a glass that will magnify it. You will see that the poor insect has really much beauty.

From what you have read in this lesson you must not think that all foul smells kill, nor that things that have no bad smell are always safe. There are some gases that have no odor at all, which yet are very deadly.

27.2.244 A Box Turtle’s Nest

Selected Words

and it

SKPEUT

autumn

AUPLT

back to

TPWAOBG

come out

KPHOUT

did not

TKEUPBLT

I think

KWREUBG

in the

TPH-T

it was

T-FS

of the

-FT

on that

THAOPB

out of

OUFT

she would

SHELD

they did

TKHE

through the

THRUT

to find

TOFPBD

to the

TOT

turtle

TURLT

what was

WHAFS

who would

WHOLD

would not

WOPBLT

you would

ULD

Text

It was a sunny autumn day. Bright leaves blew about in the wind. Birds flew through the air on their way to the south.

Bob and Bill were walking through the fields. They liked to walk and look, and look and walk. They liked to find out what was happening out of doors.

"Oh, see!" said Bill. "Something is coming out of the ground."

"Where?" asked Bob.

"Right under that yellow leaf by the fence," said Bill.

The boys watched the place by the fence. A small turtle crawled out of the ground. It was not much bigger than a penny.

"Well, I never!" said Bob. "That looks like a new baby turtle."

"It walks so funny," said Bill.

"I think it is just learning how to walk," said Bob.

Soon another little turtle tried to come out of the ground. It worked and it worked. Then it, too, was out of the ground.

The boys watched. Four more baby turtles worked their way out of the ground.

The little turtles walked away through the grass.

The boys did not touch the turtles or take them in their hands. They watched very quietly. They did not make the turtles afraid.

Each baby turtle crawled away innocent leaves by the fence.

"Those turtles have just come out of the eggs," said Bill. "Who would ever know a turtle's nest was there?"

The mother turtle had spread earth over her nest. Some sticks and leaves were spread over the nest, too. Most of you would not know a nest was there.

One warm, summer day Mother Turtle had laid the eggs. She had spread earth and leaves over the nest. Then she had crawled away.

She did not come back to the nest. She did not watch the eggs. She would not need to take care of the baby turtles.

The eggs had stayed in the ground for three months. Then baby turtles had crawled out of the eggs. On that very day, Bob and Bill had found the nest.

27.2.245 A Look at an Ant

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

all the

AULT

an ant

APB APBT

and also

SKPALS

and the

SKP-T

and you

SKPU

ant

A*PBT

are the

R-T

as well

SW*EL

as you

AUZ

between the

TWAOEPBT

by it

TPWEU

call the

KAULT

for the

TP-RT

have been

SR-B

I have

SREU

I shall

EURBL

if you

TPU

in this

STHEUPBS

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

is not

S-PBLT

is the

S-T

is to

STO

learn in

TPHRERPB

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

needs to be

TPHAOEBDZ

of the

-FT

of this

TH-F

on the

OPBT

one of

WUFPB

part of the

PAFRT

some of

SPHOF

than the

THAPBT

that is

THAS

that you

THAU

the two

TWOT

there are

THR-R

they can

THEBG

to me

TPHE

to the

TOT

to you

TOU

top of

TOFP

top of the

TOFPT

very much

SR-FP

what is

SWHA*

will be

HR-B

will say

HR-BZ

will you

HRU

would you

WOU

you can

UBG

you think

UPBG

you will

HR*U

you would

ULD

Text

You have been told that an insect is a living creature with a body made in rings, and divided into three parts. Most insects have six legs, four wings, and two feelers.

There is a great order of insects which we shall call the hook-wing family.

The wasp, the bee, the saw-fly, and ant belong to this family. They are the chief of all the insects. They can do many strange and curious things.

You will know insects of this great family by their wings. The front wings are larger than the the back ones. They fold back over them when at rest.

In flight the upper wings hook fast to the lower.

If you look careful at some kinds of insects, you will soon say I have tole you what is not quite true.

Why will you think that? You will say to me, "The fly has two wings, and not four." "The ant has no wings at all."

Ah, but wait until you study about ants and flies, and see if you will then think the same way.

The mouth of all the hook-wing insects has two jaws for cutting.

These insects have two big eyes, one on each side of the head. Between the two big eyes they have some little ones, on the top of the head.

You see insects are as well supplied with eyes as crabs are with legs.

The back part of an insect's body is made fast to the middle part by a small joint, or thread. That is because the insect needs to bend, or even double itself up, in some of its work.

The Hook-wing Order is divided into two great kinds.

The insects of one Kenned carry a little saw. The others carry a sword. The sword is a sting. The saw is to cut up leaves and wood to make nice soft nests or houses for the eggs. The sword is to fight with, or to kill things for food. Among the saw-carriers is the fine, long fly, called a saw-fly. Bees, ants, wasps, and others carry the sting.

Get one of these insects, and you will see all the parts of which I have told you.

Let us first take an ant to look at.

The head of an ant seems very large for its body, and the eyes seem very large for the head. The third or back part of the body is made in six rings.

On the tip or pointed end of the behind part of the body is the sting. On the part of the body, next the head, are set the six legs. These legs, and also the feet, have joints.

The wings are set on the upper side of the middle part of the body. The legs are set on its under side. There are four wings, -- two large and two small ones. The upper wings are larger than the lower ones.

Now I hear you cry out, "Oh, my ant has no wings!" Well, let me tell you a secret. The wings of your ant have been cut off, or unhooked, as you shall hear by and by.

There are many families of ants. Each has its own name and its own ways. All ants are very wise in their actions. I shall tell you many strange things about them. Ants have always been called "the wise insects." Would you not like to learn something about them?

Before you study the ants in any book, I wish you would go out into your garden or into the fields. Find an ant-hill, and sit or lie by it for an hour or so. Take some sure or bits of cake to feed the ants. Find out for yourselves all that you can about them. Facts that you learn in this way will be worth very much to you.

27.2.246 The Black and White Dog

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

come here

KPHAOER

did not

TKEUPBLT

do not

TKPHOT

have a

SRA

he has

HEZ

Peter

PAOERT

up to

TOUP

we could

WEBGD

will be

HR-B

you will

HR*U

Text

One day a little black and white dog came home from school with Peter. He came right up to Peter's house.

He did not go away.

"I do not know where this dog came from," said Peter to his father.

"If he has no home, we could let him have a home with us," said Father.

"Come here, little dog," said Peter. "You will be my dog now."

27.2.247 Mother Makes Bread

Selected Words

at a

T*A

cookie

KAOBG AO*E

could have

KOUF

have had

SR-D

that is

THAS

uses

AOUFS

you could

UBGD

Text

Our mother makes the best bread! She uses flour that is made from wheat. Sometimes she uses other kinds of flour.

The wheat must be ground at a mill. It makes fine, white, flour.

Mother makes cake and cookies, too. I ate a cookie for my supper. I wish you could have had one.

27.2.248 It’s Fun to Save

Selected Words

ago

AG

been to

TPWOPB

do you

TKOU

do you ever

TKOUFR

fun to

TPOUPB

have been

SR-B

he would

ELD

I'll

KWREUL

I have

SREU

I think

KWREUBG

money

PHUPB

said that

STHAEUD

that he

THAE

to the

TOT

today

TOED

we have

SWRAOE

will be

HR-B

you ever

UFR

Text

A few days ago Jim and Jack were playing indoors. "Do you ever save any money?" asked Jim.

"Yes," said Jack, "I have just put a dime in my toy bank. I'll soon have two dollars."

I said, "We have been to the city today. Father took us to a big bank. The banker said that he would put our money where it will be safe. I think it is fun to save money."

27.2.249 The Pet Show

Selected Words

all the

AULT

and a

SKPA

be the

BT

Bobby

PWOB KWREU

in the

TPH-T

it a

TA*EU

of the

-FT

saying

SAEUG

so much

SOFP

that the

THAT

there were

THR-RP

to be

TOB

to the

TOT

up and

SKPUP

you want

UPBT

Text

The children of the second grade gave a pet show. There were four cats and six dogs in the show. One boy brought his pet white rat, and his sister brought her new kitten. Some other boys brought a pair of brown rabbits, and a Bobby Smith brought his little white pig.

The pig looked very funny because Bobby had made it a dress of yellow paper. The pig jumped up and down so much that the dress came off all the time. Bobby had to keep saying, "Please, little pig! Please sit down! Don't you watt to be the best pet in the show?"

Bobby's pig was the best in the show. Everyone who came to the show said so.

27.2.250 On the Playground

Selected Words

at the

TE

because it

TPWAUS

David

TKAEUFD

do not

TKPHOT

doesn't

TKOPBT

for the

TP-RT

he said

HEBS

he would

ELD

if you

TPU

it was

T-FS

ready to

TKRAOE

to you

TOU

would not

WOPBLT

you should

URBD

Text

One day during recess a big boy broke David's bat. He said he would not pay for it, because it was just an old one. David was almost ready to cry. After recess David's teacher helped her class to make these rules for the playground:

1. If you break something that doesn't belong to you, you should pay for it.

2. Always wait for your turn at the swing.

3. Do not be mean if your team doesn't win the game.

27.2.251 Betty’s Birthday Party

Selected Words

balloon

PWHRAOPB

birthday

PW*RTD

birthday party

PWEURPT

good-bye

TKPWAOB

had a

HA

had had

H-D

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

more than

PH-RPB

when the

WHEPBT

who could

WHOBGD

years old

KWRAERLDZ

Text

Betty was nine years old in the month of June. Her mother invited nine little girls to a birthday party. The girls played games for more than an hour. They had a race to see who could carry the most beans in a spoon.

At six o'clock Betty's mother called the girls to supper. She had baked a cake and put nine candles on it. Beside each plate was a balloon or a horn from Betty. And each little gird had a small gift for her. When the girls said good-bye to Betty, they told her what fun they had had.

27.2.252 Ants and Their Trades

Selected Words

an ant

APB APBT

and have

SKP-F

are the

R-T

as large as

SHRARPBLGS

as soon as

S-PBS

as the

SAZ

as you

AUZ

begin to

STKPWOEUPB

but it

TPWUT

do not

TKPHOT

go into

TKPWHAO

he were

ERP

how much

HOUFP

I will

KWREUL

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

in this

STHEUPBS

into the

TPHAOT

is a

SA*EU

is an

SA*PB

is by

SPWEU

is for

STPOR

is the

S-T

it would

T-LD

know the

TPHO*ET

of a

AEUF

of the

-FT

off and

SKPOF

off the

OFT

on the

OPBT

ready to

TKRAOE

run to

TOURPB

should have

SHOUF

some of

SPHOF

than the

THAPBT

that I

THAEU

that is

THAS

that many

THAEPL

that time

THAPLT

there are

THR-R

there is

THR-LGS

they can

THEBG

they do

TKHOE

this is

TH-S

to be

TOB

to have

TOF

to the

TOT

we have

SWRAOE

will not

HR-PBLT

with the

W-T

you know

KWRAOUPB

you should

URBD

you will

HR*U

Text

Since you know that bees, ants, and wasps all belong to the same great family of living creatures, you will not wonder that many of their ways are alike.

You know there are wasps and bees that live alone.

You have read how, in the spring, Mrs. Social Wasp builds her home and raises a broad, of babies. These, as soon as full-grown, begin to build more rooms and nurse the next babies. Mrs. Ant does as Mrs. Wasp does.

Mrs. Ant begins a new hill, and as her children grow they help her. But Mrs. Ant does not often begin her hill in the spring. She chooses the early fall to begin work.

As the eggs change into working ants, Mrs. Ant gets plenty of help in her work.

You have seen bees swarm, and hang in a bunch, or curtain. Ants also cling together and form balls. But this is for warmth or safety. It is called "snugging." In some lands, in times of flood, ants form balls as large as your play ball. Thus they can float on the water, and do not drown.

As Mrs. Wasp makes paper, so Mrs. Ant can make a thin paper, for her nest. But it is poor paper, not so good as Mrs. Wasp makes. Mrs. Wasp is the chief of the paper-makers.

I told how how one Mrs. Bee cuts leaves to line her nest. So one Mrs. Ant does. With cut leaves she lines a neat little nest. As the spider makes a fine spun ball to put her babies in, there is an ant that makes a woolly nest.

You have read of the Tower Spider, that builds a neat tower of sticks, straw, and grass over her nest. There is an ant that thatches its hill in much the same way.

There is a broken ant that is a mason. She makes her nest of little balls of mud, laid up like bricks in a wall.

Then there is a carpenter, as there is a carpenter bee. These carpenters cut their way into trees and logs. In this manner they do much harm.

These ants hollow out the inside of a tree, or beam, until it is ready to fall to pieces.

Besides their other trades, the ants know the trade of war. There are soldier ants. Ants are mild and kind to each other while at work. But they are brave, and have armies for war.

It is odd to see how much ant ways and ant soldiers are like human ways and human soldiers.

The ants make war to get slaves, or servants. I will tell you more of that in the next lesson. They also make war to get cows, as you will hear by and by. They seem to have some other reasons for war.

When the ant army marches, it keeps in line and order. It seems to have captains to rule and lead it. Scouts go before to seek out the way.

The ant-hill has some soldiers for sentries, to see that no danger comes near. When a work ant gets into trouble, it would run to a soldier for help. The soldier ants do not appear to be cross. They have very large heads, as if they wore big hats. Some of them have smooth heads and some, hairy heads. They eat much and love to sleep.

The soldier ants do not do much work. They rouse up only for a battle. In a ant-hill, the soldiers are larger, and often more in number, than the other ants.

The workers are the smallest ants in a hill. There are fewer queens than any other kind, except after drone ants go off and die. At that time there are very few drones.

In a battle, two ants will often cling to each other by that I jaws, until both die. The usual way in which an ant soldier kills a foe is by cutting off the head.

Sometimes the battle ends without any killing. At other times the ants are very fierce, and large numbers are cut to pieces.

When strange ants get into a hill, sometimes they are driven out; sometimes they are killed; sometimes they are treated kindly.

I put a black ant into the gate of a city of brown ants. You should have seen how they drove him out! He ran as if he were wild with fear. Three or four brown ants came after him to the edge of their hill.

But though some strange ants are cast out so fiercely, there are two or three kinds of beetles which go into ant-hills and live with the ants. The ants do not harm them in any way. You shall hear about that when we have some lessons about beetles.

27.2.253 Mr. Worm’s Cottage by the Sea

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

all the

AULT

and you

SKPU

as large as

SHRARPBLGS

as well

SW*EL

as well as

SW*ELS

as well as

SW-LS

at the

TE

between the

TWAOEPBT

do not

TKPHOT

from the

TPR-T

full of

TPUFL

have a

SRA

have been

SR-B

how easy it

HOU TEZ

I had

H*EU

if I

TPEU

if the

TP-T

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

in this

STHEUPBS

is also

SHR-S

is by

SPWEU

is like

SHRAOEUBG

is not

S-PBLT

is the

S-T

it would

T-LD

it would be

T-BLD

jack o'lantern

Jack O'lantern

SKWRABG OE HRAPB TERPB

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

kind of

KAOEUFPBD

look at

HRAOBGT

look at

HRAOBGT

of the

-FT

of this

TH-F

on the

OPBT

one is

SW*UPB

some of

SPHOF

such as

SUFPS

that are

THAR

the two

TWOT

there are

THR-R

these are

THAOERS

they can

THEBG

to have

TOF

we find

WEFPBD

will find

HR-FPBD

with the

W-T

would be

WOB

would have

WOUF

would have been

WOUFB

you can

UBG

you know

KWRAOUPB

you will

HR*U

Text

On the seashore you will find two or three kinds of worms. These are called "Tube Worms," from the shape of the houses which they build. Some of them are called "Swimming Worms."

The swimming worm is cousin to another family of creatures which look like worms, but have many feet. They have a name which means "many feet."

You know that on most of the rings, in the body of the worm, are hairs or hooks. You can see how easy it would be for these to become feet. Now each animal seems to have parts that are like some other animals, and some new forms of its own.

Thus, next the worm, with his rings and hooks, comes another animal with rings and feet. Of all the ring animals, Mr. Worm is the pattern, and after him comes his cousin, Mr. Many-Feet.

Then, while Mr. Many-Feet is like Mr. Worm, he is also like Mrs. Fly, and seems to come between the two, a little related to both.

Now let us look at the seaside worms. Here we find some worms that have eyes. We also find some that have little hard teeth, set in a ring inside their mouths. There are some that have fine plumes, as gay as any bird. These poor worms gleam like a rainbow.

New parts can grow on these worms as well as on the earthworm, or even better. Some say that they can even get a new head if the old one is lost.

Some of these worms can bore into very hard things, as wood or stone. Some of them shine like a fire. Ask some one to tell you of this kind of light; it is like what we call Jack O'Lantern.

Dig in the sea sand anywhere, and you will find worms, black, brown, green, red, orange. They bore through sand and mud, and move very fast.

It is not yet known how these worms bore into stone and wood. Perhaps it is by means of some acid stuff in their mouths. Perhaps it is by a file, such as Mr. Drill has.

If you look along the sea sand of some shores, you will find the tube-homes of these sea worms. In their way of making a shell-home, and making it larger as they grow, they are like the little shellfish you have read of.

Most of these tube-homes are small, but some are very large. A gentleman told me he had one with the bore or hole as large as his arm.

These worms by the sea serve as food for many fish and other creatures. You know that nearly all fish like to eat worms, and that they are used for bait. The boy who knew nothing else about worms knew they made good bait.

He would have been full of wonder if I had told him that large worms are used for food by men in some parts of the world. In this country we do not make use of such food.

27.2.254 The Life of an Ant

Selected Words

a little

HR-LT

about the

PW-T

an ant

APB APBT

and are

SKP-R

and have

SKP-F

and more

SKPHOR

are also

R-LS

are not

R-PBLT

are the

R-T

as it

TAZ

as the

SAZ

at one

TWUPB

at the

TE

been in

TPWH-PB

come out

KPHOUT

do you

TKOU

five times

TPAOEUPLS

for the

TP-RT

from the

TPR-T

have been

SR-B

how do

TKHOU

in a

TPHA*EU

in the

TPH-T

into the

TPHAOT

is like

SHRAOEUBG

is not

S-PBLT

is the

S-T

is to

STO

it must

TPHUFT

learn about

PWHRERPB

may be

PHA*EUB

much as

PHUFPS

needs to be

TPHAOEBDZ

of the

-FT

often in

TPHOFPB

on the

OPBT

one time

WAOEUPL

or the

ORT

out and

SKPOUT

out of

OUFT

ready to

TKRAOE

run to

TOURPB

she has

SHEZ

sisters and brothers

STABT -S

so many

SOEPL

that is

THAS

them to

THOEUPL

they can

THEBG

they was

THEFS

those of

THOEFS

to be

TOB

to the

TOT

top of

TOFP

top of the

TOFPT

up to

TOUP

very much

SR-FP

we find

WEFPBD

when it

TWHEPB

when the

WHEPBT

when you

WHU

worker ant

WORBG/*ER/APBT

you can

UBG

you think

UPBG

Text

In ant-hills we find drone ants, queen ants, and worker ants. The drone ants have no sting and do no work. Their bodies are longer and more slim than those of Queens. The drone ants have wings.

The queen ants also have wings. They have stings, and their bodies are round and dark.

The workers are smaller than Queens and drones. They are also darker, and have no wings and no stings. Workers are of two sizes, large and small. They are the builders, nurses, soldiers, and servants of the others.

In an ant-hill there may be many queens at one time. Often the ant-queens work. They are both mothers and queens. They will also act as soldiers. The queen ant is not like the queen bee, who will allow no other queen to live near her.

The word "queen" may make you think that this ant rules the rest. That is not so. Ants have no leader and no ruler. Each ants seems to act as it pleases.

The chief work of the queen ant is to lay eggs. In a short time, out of each egg comes a lively, hungry, little baby ant. It is called a larva. A larva is like a small white worm.

This little being needs to be washed, fed, kept warm and dry, and taken into the air and sun. It must be cared for, very much as the baby in your home is cared for.

The workers, who act as nurses, are very kind to the young larvae. How do they wash these little things? They lick them all over, as the cat licks the kitten. They use such care that they keep them nearly as white as snow.

The nurses feed the baby ants four or five times each day. The nurses prepare the food in their crops, to make it soft and fit for the little ants.

The nurses stroke and smooth the larva baby. It seems as if they patted and petted it. When the weather is cold, they keep the larvae indoors. When it is warm and dry, they hurry to carry them up to the top of the hill. They place them there to bask in the sun.

If any rain comes, or the hill is broken, the nurses run to carry the babies to a safe place.

When the larva is full grown, it spins around itself a little fine net, which wraps it all up. When people see these white bundles in the ant-hills, they call them "ant-eggs." They are not eggs. They are pupa-cases. In them the baby ants are getting ready to come out, with legs and wings, as full-grown ants.

The pupa-cases are of several sizes. The largest ones are for queens and drones. The next size holds large workers; the smallest cases hold the smallest workers.

There are often in the hills very wee ants called dwarf ants. When you study more about ants in other books, you can learn about the dwarfs.

After the ants have been in the little cases some time, they are ready to come out. The nurse ants help them to get free.

Many hundreds come out of the cases. They crowd the old home so full that they can scarcely find room to move about.

Then they see the light shine in at the little gates on the top of the hill. They feel the warmth of the sun. They crawl out.

They push upon each other. The hill is not wide and high enough for so many uncles and cousins and sisters and brothers.

Young ants, like young people, wish to set up for themselves in a new home. They spread their fine wings. Off they fly!

They swarm as the bees do. As they rise high from the earth, th