18 More Briefs

18.1 Inversions

Sometimes, a word requires two strokes by regular theory due to steno order. For example, wolf would be WOL/-F. Inversion is used to save strokes by switching two sounds next to each other and if the resulting stroke does not conflict with another word. For example, L and F are switched in order to stroke wolf as WOFL. Another example is twelve as TWEFL rather than TWEL/-F.

WOFL

wolf wolf wolf wolf

TWEFL

twelve twelve twelve twelve

Another example is heading, which can be stroke HED/-G or HEGD.

HED G

HEGD

heading heading heading heading

Metal is written with PHE*LT.

PHE*LT

Note the existence of the \(*\), necessary here to distinguish metal from melt.

Inversions can be used on either hand. One example is the use of the prefix dis-. For example, dislike can be stroke with TKEUS/HRAOEUBG. But it is possible to invert the d and s sound, resulting in the stroke STKHRAOEUBG.

STKHRAOEUBG

dislike dislike dislike dislike

There are many words where -L is the final consonant but the consonants before L is D or T. These are cases where inversions could be used to save a stroke.

One example is metal. Without inversion, `metal would need two strokes.

PH*ELT

PHET A*L

The same reasoning for inversion occurs with medal.

PH*ELD

PHED A*L

18.2 Pronouns

Pronouns
Pronoun Stroke Note
himself HEUPLS
herself H*ERS
yours URS
yourself KWRO*URS
yourselves KWRO*URSZ
myself PHAO*EUS
ourself O*URS
ourselves O*URSZ
themselves THEPLS
Pronoun + ever
Pronoun Stroke Note
however HOUF or HOUFR
whatever WHAF or WHAFR
whenever WHEFR
wherever W-FR
whichever KH-FR or WEUFR
whoever WHOFR
Honorifics
Honorific Stroke Note
Mr. PHR-FPLT
Mrs. PHR-S
Miss PH*EUS
Mx. PH*BGS
Dr. TKR-FPLT
Drs. TK-RS
doctor TKR
sir SEUR
professor PROEFR
Professor PRO*EFR
lady HRA*ED
gentleman SKWRA*PL
Pronoun Briefs
Word Stroke Note
male PHAEL
female TPAEL
man PHAPB
woman WOPL
men PHEPB
women WEUPL
Family
Word Stroke Note
nephew TPHEF/AOU
niece TPHAOES
Papa PA*/PA PA/PA should be modified for papaas it does not have a stroke
mamma PHAPL/PHA
mama PHA/PHA PHA*/PHA for Mama
grandmother TKPWR-PL
grandfather TKPWR-F
Grandma TKPWRAPBD/PHA
grandma TKPWHRAPBD/PHA The HR distinguishes lower and upper case word
grandpa TKPWRAPBD/PA
grandson TKPWR-S
granddaughter TKPWR-D
wife WAOEUF
husband HUZ or HUS
sister-in-law ST-RPBL
brother-in-law PWROERPBL
mother-in-law PHOERPBL
father-in-law TPAERPBL
family TPAEPL

18.3 Using ER with inversions and for -y

ER is already used in common word briefs such as other and brother. Using inversion, many more words can be written in one stroke.

ER-ending words
Word Stroke Note
batter PWAERT compare between batter, better and butter
better PBAOERT
butter PBAOURT
flatter TPHRAERT
latter HRAERT
letter HRERT
paper PAEUP not the same case, but useful brief

For some common words ending in -y, briefs will use E in order to achieve a single stroke. Some examples are carry and marry.

KAER

carry carry carry carry

PHAER

marry marry marry marry
ER words
Word Stroke Note
carry KAER
happy HAEP
baby PWAEB
Gary GA*ER
glory TKPWHROER
marry PHAER
Mary PHA*ER
scary SKAER
sorry SOER
story STOER
family TPAEPL
vary SRAER
worry WOER
library HRAOEURB Has the inversion of R and B
query KW*ER
temporary PRAER

18.4 Names and Dimunitives

The Plover dictionary contains many common names, and also their diminutive forms. For many dimunitives which end in ie, AO*E is used to write the ending. For example, Lizzie and Robbie.

HREUZ AO*E

Lizzie Lizzie Lizzie Lizzie

ROB AO*E

Robbie Robbie Robbie Robbie

Many of the names below have multiple ways to write (using KWRE in place of AO*E), but some of them only have one stroke outline with AO*E.

Names and Dimunitives
Dimunitive Stroke Full Stroke
Abbie AB/AO*E Abigail AB/TKPWAEUL
Aggie AG/AO*E Agnes AG/TPHES
Allie AL/AO*E Alice A*LS, AL/EUS
Annie APB/AO*E Ann, Anne AEPB, A*EPB
Archie AFRPB/AO*E Archibald AFRPB/PWAULD
Barbie PWARB/AO*E Barbara PWARB/RA
Bernie PWERPB/AO*E Bernard PWERPB/ARD
Carrie KAEUR/AO*E Caroline KAEUR/HRAOEUPB
Cassie KAS/AO*E Cassandra KAS/SAPB/TKRA
Charlie KHARL/AO*E Charles KHARLS
Christie KREUFT/AO*E Christine KREUS/TAOEPB
Connie KOPB/AO*E Constance KAUPB/STAPBS
Debbie TKEB/AO*E Deborah TKEB/RA
Fannie TPAPB/AO*E Frances TPRAPB/SES
Freddie TPRED/AO*E Frederick TPRED/REUBG
Georgie SKWRORPBLG/AO*E George SKWRORPBLG
Jamie SKWRAEUPL/AO*E James SKWRAEUPLS
Jeannie SKWRAO*EPB/AO*E Jean SKWRAO*EPB
Jimmie SKWREUPL/AO*E Jim SKWR*EUPL
Jodie SKWROED/AO*E Judith SKWRAOUD/*EUT
Judie SKWRAOUD/AO*E Judith SKWRAOUD/*EUT
Julie SKWRAOUL/AO*E Julia SKWRAOUL/KWRA
Katie KAEUT/AO*E Katherine KA*ET/REUPB
Laurie HRAUR/AO*E Laura HRAUR/RA, HRA*UR
Lizzie HREUZ/AO*E Elizabeth HREUZ/PW*ET
Louie HRAOU/AO*E Louis HRAOU/WAOE
Minnie PHEUPB/AO*E Mary PHA*ER, PHAEUR/REU
Ralphie RAFL/AO*E Ralph RA*FL
Reggie REPBLG/AO*E Reginald REPBLG/TPHALD
Robbie ROB/AO*E Robert ROBT, ROB/ERT
Rosie ROES/AO*E Rose RO*ES
Stevie STAOEF/AO*E Stephen STAO*EFPB, STAOEF/-PB
Susie SAOUS/AO*E Susan SAOUFPB, SAOUS/A*PB
Suzie SAOUZ/AO*E Suzanne SAOUZ/APB, SAOUZ/A*EPB

18.5 Some-*

For briefs of words starting with some, S- or SPH is used to represent some .

Some-*
Word Stroke Note
somebody S-B
someday STKAEU
somehow SPHOU
someone SPH-PB
someplace SPHRAEUS
something S-G
sometime STAOEUPL
somewhat SWHA
somewhere SWR

18.6 Months

Briefs for months generally use the initial syllable(s).

Month
Month Stroke Note
January SKWRAPB
February TPEB
March PHA*R march is also a word
April PREUL
May PHA*EU may is also a word
June SKWRUPB
July SKWRUL
August AUG
September SEPT
October OBGT
November TPHOF
December TKAOES

18.7 Exercises

18.7.1 Write

  1. himself himself himself herself herself herself yours yours yours yourself yourself yourself
  2. yourselves yourselves yourselves myself myself myself ourself ourself ourself ourselves ourselves ourselves
  3. however however however whatever whatever whatever whenever whenever whenever wherever wherever wherever whichever whichever whichever whoever whoever whoever
  4. Mr. Mr. Mr. Mrs. Mrs. Mrs. Miss Miss Miss Mx. Mx. Mx. Dr. Dr. Dr. Drs. Drs. Drs.
  5. doctor doctor doctor sir sir sir professor professor professor Professor Professor Professor lady lady lady gentleman gentleman gentleman
  6. male male male female female female man man man woman woman woman men men men women women women
  7. nephew nephew nephew niece niece niece Papa Papa Papa mamma mamma mamma mama mama mama
  8. grandmother grandmother grandmother grandfather grandfather grandfather Grandma Grandma Grandma grandma grandma grandma grandpa grandpa grandpa
  9. grandson grandson grandson granddaughter granddaughter granddaughter wife wife wife husband husband husband
  10. sister-in-law sister-in-law sister-in-law brother-in-law brother-in-law brother-in-law mother-in-law mother-in-law mother-in-law father-in-law father-in-law father-in-law family family family
  11. batter batter batter better better better butter butter butter flatter flatter flatter
  12. latter latter latter letter letter letter paper paper paper
  13. carry carry carry Gary Gary Gary glory glory glory marry marry marry Mary Mary Mary
  14. scary scary scary sorry sorry sorry story story story vary vary vary worry worry worry
  15. library library library query query query temporary temporary temporary
  16. somebody somebody somebody someday someday someday somehow somehow somehow someone someone someone someplace someplace someplace
  17. something something something sometime sometime sometime somewhat somewhat somewhat somewhere somewhere somewhere
  18. January January January February February February March March March April April April May May May June June June
  19. July July July August August August September September September October October October November November November December December December

18.8 Summary

  • Learn how inversions work
  • Learn pronoun briefs
  • Learn how to write common -er and ry ending words with inversions
  • Learn to write briefs for words starting with some
  • Learn to write months