# 23 The -rv and -nge consonant clusters

## 23.1 Learning Objectives

• Learn to write words with -rv consonant clusters
• Learn to write words with -nge consonant clusters
• Learn to write common interjections, onomatopeia and animal sounds

## 23.2 The -rv consonant

The -rv consonant cluster in words such as carve and swerve uses -FRB.

KAFRB

carve carve carve carve

SWEFRB

swerve swerve swerve swerve

## 23.3 The -nge consonant cluster

The -nge consonant cluster in words such as change, lunge, and cringe uses -PBG.

KHAPBG

change change change change

HRUPBG

lunge lunge lunge lunge

KREUPBG

cringe cringe cringe cringe

## 23.4 Interjections, onomatopeia and animal sounds

The words below are likely more common with writing dialogue or speech than formal text.

Sound Stroke Note
ah A*ERBGS, HA*E
aw A*U
bah PWA*
boo PWAO
caw KA*U
chirp KHEURP
choo-choo KHAO/KHAO
croak KROEBG
duh TK*U
eh A*EU
ew AOU
gee SKWRAOE
ha HAE
hey HAEU
hiss HEUSZ
hmm H-PL
ho HO*
hrm H-RPL
knock-knock TPHOBG/TPHOBG
Mm-hm -PL/H-PL
neigh TPHAEUG
oh O*ERBGS
oink O*EUPBG
okay OBG
ooh AO*
oops AOPS
ouch OUFP
ow O*U
plop PHROP
poof PAOF
pop POP
purr P*UR
quack KWABG
shh SH
slosh SHRORB
splash SPHRARB
splat SPHRAT
squish SKWEURB
tick TEUBG
tock TOBG
tsk T-FBG
Tut TUT
tweet TWAOET
uh-huh *U/H*U
uh-oh *U/O*E
whoa WHOE
whir WHEUR
woof WAOF
yeah KWR*E

## 23.5 Exercises

### 23.5.1 Write with sound

Controls
1. Carve, cut. Carve, cut. Carve, cut.
2. Daddy likes to carve the turkey. Daddy likes to carve the turkey. Daddy likes to carve the turkey.
4. Ann saw the owl. Ann saw the owl. Ann saw the owl.
5. Ann is not up. Ann is not up. Ann is not up.
6. Helping, being of use; giving help. A serving of food. Helping, being of use; giving help. A serving of food. Helping, being of use; giving help. A serving of food.
7. Hook, something bent if a curve for catching fish, fastening things, or holding things. To catch as with a hook. To fasten with hooks. Hook, something bent if a curve for catching fish, fastening things, or holding things. To catch as with a hook. To fasten with hooks. Hook, something bent if a curve for catching fish, fastening things, or holding things. To catch as with a hook. To fasten with hooks.
8. Pine, a kind of evergreen tree. The wood of this tree. Pine, a kind of evergreen tree. The wood of this tree. Pine, a kind of evergreen tree. The wood of this tree.
10. The plan shows that the house will have large rooms. The plan shows that the house will have large rooms. The plan shows that the house will have large rooms.
11. He hurried to pocket the knife before the baby could reach it. He hurried to pocket the knife before the baby could reach it. He hurried to pocket the knife before the baby could reach it.
12. Tomorrow, on the day after today. The day after today. Tomorrow, on the day after today. The day after today. Tomorrow, on the day after today. The day after today.
13. We will do it tomorrow. We will do it tomorrow. We will do it tomorrow.
14. Tomorrow will be a holiday. Tomorrow will be a holiday. Tomorrow will be a holiday.
15. The baby lies in her cradle. The baby lies in her cradle. The baby lies in her cradle.
16. Trick, an amusing act. A joking or a silly act. To play a trick on someone. Trick, an amusing act. A joking or a silly act. To play a trick on someone. Trick, an amusing act. A joking or a silly act. To play a trick on someone.
17. She often shakes her rattle. She often shakes her rattle. She often shakes her rattle.
18. What a strange change for the poor bird! What a strange change for the poor bird! What a strange change for the poor bird!
19. Goose, a swimming and flying bird larger than a duck. A silly person. Goose, a swimming and flying bird larger than a duck. A silly person. Goose, a swimming and flying bird larger than a duck. A silly person.
20. A strange bird caught her eye. A strange bird caught her eye. A strange bird caught her eye.
22. Father held out a handful of change. Father held out a handful of change. Father held out a handful of change.
23. The dog has eyes that do not change. The dog has eyes that do not change. The dog has eyes that do not change.
24. The baby tore my old one. The baby tore my old one. The baby tore my old one.
25. Built, put together. Built, put together. Built, put together.
26. One good turn deserves another. One good turn deserves another. One good turn deserves another.
27. Be sure you're right, then go ahead. Be sure you're right, then go ahead. Be sure you're right, then go ahead.
28. Then they go out for a recess. Then they go out for a recess. Then they go out for a recess.
29. Prize, a reward for good work. Prize, a reward for good work. Prize, a reward for good work.
30. Neat, clean and tidy. Neat, clean and tidy. Neat, clean and tidy.
31. The flax has blue flowers. The flax has blue flowers. The flax has blue flowers.
32. The flax plant has blue flowers. The flax plant has blue flowers. The flax plant has blue flowers.
33. Cottage, a small house; a house at the camp or summer resort. Cottage, a small house; a house at the camp or summer resort. Cottage, a small house; a house at the camp or summer resort.
34. Dodge, to move quickly to get away from a person, a blow, or something thrown. Dodge, to move quickly to get away from a person, a blow, or something thrown. Dodge, to move quickly to get away from a person, a blow, or something thrown.
35. Miss Brooks is in charge of our room. Miss Brooks is in charge of our room. Miss Brooks is in charge of our room.
36. Charge, the care of. Charge, the care of. Charge, the care of.
37. My father owns a large business. My father owns a large business. My father owns a large business.
38. My present idea is to arrange the things this way. My present idea is to arrange the things this way. My present idea is to arrange the things this way.
39. My hen laid a large egg yesterday. My hen laid a large egg yesterday. My hen laid a large egg yesterday.
40. Strange, not known before, unusual. Strange, not known before, unusual. Strange, not known before, unusual.
41. You will spoil your shoes if you don't wear rubbers on a rainy day. You will spoil your shoes if you don't wear rubbers on a rainy day. You will spoil your shoes if you don't wear rubbers on a rainy day.
42. See the quail shake the blade of grain. See the quail shake the blade of grain. See the quail shake the blade of grain.
43. Change the shape of q, on the slate. Change the shape of q, on the slate. Change the shape of q, on the slate.
44. Clean the blood off the thumb of the glove with a sponge. Clean the blood off the thumb of the glove with a sponge. Clean the blood off the thumb of the glove with a sponge.
45. None can starve on the march. None can starve on the march. None can starve on the march.
46. Build a brick bridge. Build a brick bridge. Build a brick bridge.
47. Feast, a special meal for a large number of people. To eat many good things. Feast, a special meal for a large number of people. To eat many good things. Feast, a special meal for a large number of people. To eat many good things.
48. They stain, or paint, the barn in a strange way. They stain, or paint, the barn in a strange way. They stain, or paint, the barn in a strange way.
49. He will copy the figures neatly. He will copy the figures neatly. He will copy the figures neatly.
50. We hope that trees will produce large pears. We hope that trees will produce large pears. We hope that trees will produce large pears.
51. Cash, money. To change into money. Cash, money. To change into money. Cash, money. To change into money.
52. Circle, something flat and round; as, the traffic circle. A ring. A figure bounded by a curved line. Circle, something flat and round; as, the traffic circle. A ring. A figure bounded by a curved line. Circle, something flat and round; as, the traffic circle. A ring. A figure bounded by a curved line.
53. Mother went to the bank to cash a cheque. Mother went to the bank to cash a cheque. Mother went to the bank to cash a cheque.

### 23.5.2 Write random sentences

A random subset of sentences will be synthesized. Be patient with the synthesis. It will take a few seconds, especially the first time. The loweest possible WPM is 80, so to decrease overall WPM, increase word gap.

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